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Evidence-Based Practices to Reduce the Risks of Diabetes

A person’s lifestyle can directly affect their health in various ways. An unhealthy lifestyle can lead to a diverse range of diseases later in life, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, and others. Lifestyle choices that can cause these adverse outcomes include eating habits, physical activity habits, sleeping habits, etc. According to scholars, an unhealthy lifestyle may include “tobacco use, a lack of regular physical activity, and consumption of diets rich in highly saturated fats, sugars, and salt” (Steyn & Damasceno, 2006, p. 1). Systemic exposure to these factors may have been significant in developing obesity and other adverse outcomes by the people of Polk County. Both local citizens and experts note that there is a necessity for nutrition education in the area to increase healthy eating awareness (Rothenberger, 2017). Moreover, there is a need for more cycling and walking paths to be constructed to give the locals more opportunities to be physically active.

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Various activities and procedures can be implemented from the leading nurse’s point of view to help the patients with mentioned diseases. Firstly, more comprehensive implementation of screening procedures can be helpful to detect the problem in the early stages, therefore increasing the chances of survival and reducing the costs of treatment (Eyre et al., 2004). Secondly, since the said diseases strongly depend on a person’s lifestyle, it would be helpful to try to influence people’s life choices and habits. For instance, according to research, “weight-reducing diets, usually low in fat and saturated fat, may reduce premature all-cause mortality in adults with obesity” (Ma et al., 2017, p. 3244). Such lifestyle-changing interventions could be performed in the form of continuous education programs for the local community. According to the studies, continuous community education through local healthcare workers who focused their attention on children and adolescents proved to be an effective strategy (Machado et al., 2016). Overall, as a nurse leader, it is possible to implement the mentioned strategies on a local level to decrease the risks for the local community members.

References

Eyre, H., Kahn, R., Robertson, R.M., Clark, N.G., Doyle, C., Hong, Y., Gansler T., Glynn, T., Smith, R.A., Taubert, K., and Thun J.M. (2004). Circulation, 109, 3244-3255.

Ma, C., Avenell, A., Bolland, M., Hudson, J., Stewart, F., Robertson, C., Sharma, P., Fraser, C., and MacLennan, G. (2017). Effects of weight loss interventions for adults who are obese on mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 359.

Machado, A.P., Lima, B.M., Laureano, M.G., Silva, P.H., Tardin, G.P., Reis, P.S., Santos, J.S., Neto, D.J., and D’Artibale, E.F. (2016). Educational strategies for the prevention of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira, 62(8), 800-808.

Rothenberger, K. (2017). Polk county: Community health assessment 2017 update. Web.

Steyn, K., Damasceno, A. (2006). Lifestyle and related risk factors for chronic diseases. In: D.T. Jamison, R.G. Feachem, M.W. Makgoba, E.R. Bos, F.K. Baingana, K.J. Hofman, K.O. Rogo (Eds). Disease and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

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StudyCorgi. (2022, November 29). Evidence-Based Practices to Reduce the Risks of Diabetes. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/evidence-based-practices-to-reduce-the-risks-of-diabetes/

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StudyCorgi. "Evidence-Based Practices to Reduce the Risks of Diabetes." November 29, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/evidence-based-practices-to-reduce-the-risks-of-diabetes/.

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StudyCorgi. 2022. "Evidence-Based Practices to Reduce the Risks of Diabetes." November 29, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/evidence-based-practices-to-reduce-the-risks-of-diabetes/.

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StudyCorgi. (2022) 'Evidence-Based Practices to Reduce the Risks of Diabetes'. 29 November.

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