The nursing intervention plan is to be started from the patient’s education within the scope of CHF. The daily intake of fluid should be appropriate and include all liquids consumed per day, including tea, juice, soup, fruits, and vegetables. When dry mouth and thirst appear, one needs to rinse mouth, add lemon or a piece of ice to the water, take a small sip of water. The intake of table salt is limited, the daily rate of sodium chloride is a teaspoon, and it should not be forgotten that salt is added to food, so one does not have to add salt to ready-made meals and does not eat salty foods (WebMD, 2020). Refusal to use all types of alcoholic beverages and smoking cessation are recommended.
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Control of body weight is prescribed daily in the morning on an empty stomach in the same clothes as self-control diary. Among the indicators for home, self-control is also blood pressure measurement two times a day in the morning and evening and pulse control. These indicators must be recorded in the patient’s diary – which can be monitored by a nurse – in order to show them to the attending physician at the next visit (NurseStudy.Net, 2020). The optimal types of exercise for patients are walking, swimming, cycling. It is easier to start physical training with activities that do not require the support of their own weight. For a nurse, there is also a necessity to assess vital signs at least every 4 hours.
NurseStudy.Net. (2020). Congestive Heart Failure CHF nursing diagnosis care plan.
WebMD. (2020). How to keep your heart failure in check.