Critical Review of Voltaire Candide and Related Texts


The book that has been taken into consideration is a marvelous as well as an imperative chronological work in literature. Voltaire was a Renaissance Christian humanist who took part in the growth of the Enlightenment. First of all, the composition of his narrative Candide is Homeric, it is of the expedition description, the conqueror who is a person that is multifaceted, but it is a mocking reorganization of that traditional theme of the champion on an expedition. The author of the book has attacked a number of leaders, aristocrats and the community in large. The question here rises about the significance of the expedition in Candide. What meaning does the quest have in the classical sense? Basically learning is what the quest is all about. Traditionally it has been believed that during a quest, the hero leaves so as to obtain some kind of knowledge along with skills so as to help him or her ratify the expedition, conquer the impediments that are faced by them and then come back to their people so as to make everyone better, to reinstate the community. This is where comes in the importance of the structure of the expedition, and the evaluation of information by Voltaire. As has been said by numerous philosophers, people make out deficiencies of the world as they have no understanding of the plan. Now, definitely Voltaire does not believe this theory, or even that there has to be a god. Hence in the story he mocks the thought that the human race is totally excellent. A vast part of the narrative is a lampoon dealt with the concept that the optimists who observe innumerable revulsions and astonishing unfairness for example floggings, muggings, and tremors will constantly come across a way to write it off. He believes that they come up with things like everything happens for a reason and that such things are a symbol of human unkindness, unawareness and barbarism.

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In the book that has been presented, the philosopher by the name of Pangloss always finds some reason for the dreadful things that are going on around him and the point of view that he has seems ever more absurd. Another thing that is being criticized by the author here is that of the whole double standards of religion. Voltaire has a procession of fraudulent two-faced spiritual leaders, for example the Pope who has a daughter, while the Pope should have been celibate. Voltaire presents to the readers innumerable examples of the corruption and duplicity of devout leaders, but he does not actually denounce believers, he only attacks church headship and church chain of command. For instance Jacques, who is an Anabaptist is debatably the most openhanded and compassionate characters.

What more has been criticized in the book involves money and the way it corrupts people. It is shown that Candide has more troubles at the time that he is rich. Things do not go well when he is sad. An attractive point, Voltaire was profoundly caught up in a dispute a number of deep thinkers of his time. He moved comfortably among upper-class circles and

What more has been criticized by is the notion and worth of philosophical speculation. He believes that it is a waste of time and it is one of Pangloss’ major faults. In the disordered world of this narrative, theoretical speculation continually proves to be of no use, and from time to time even hazardous. It basically stops the characters from forming any functional evaluation of the world; it stops them from setting off any type of alteration. Pangloss is the personality most vulnerable to this sort of stupidity. For instance, whilst Jacques is drowning, Candide is stopped by Pangloss from saving him by showing to him that the inlet was fashioned for Jacques to drown in. Consequently, at the conclusion, Candide throw-outs Pangloss’ philosophies. Voltaire believes that instead of philosophical speculation, what is required is hard work.

Finally, at the end of the novel what has been presented to us is contentment in hoisting vegetables. This has been presented by means of a garden. Perhaps there is a symbolic reverberation to it. Perhaps related to Adam and Eve, but for Adam and Eve the garden is the commencement of their dilemma, but in the book, it is the end of all worries. It is the finish of the account, the ending of their expedition, their voyage, and the ending of their travails. No work was required by Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden to have fruits of the garden; but this garden necessitates labor, and steady tending. Here what can be believed is that the garden here stands for much, more in a very dissimilar way than the presentation of the biblical garden. A grip of life, but what has life been taken for? For all the dismay, adversity, and nightmares that the characters of the books go through all the way through the complete route of the text, eventually, they embrace life.

The prosperity of appropriate material is immense for increasing the reader’s perceptive of the rational ambiance that Voltaire is critiquing. The segments of the Pope and the passages of Voltaire’s communication are informative (Voltaire, p. 1-190).


In the light of the above discussion we can hereby culminate that Voltaire Candide and Related Texts is a very good book which can be recommended for everyone with an interest in narration, psychology, way of life, and literature.

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Works Cited

Voltaire. Voltaire Candide and Related Texts. United States of America. Hackett Pub Co Inc. ISBN-10: 0872205460.

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StudyCorgi. "Critical Review of Voltaire Candide and Related Texts." August 25, 2021.


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