Evidence-Based Intervention for Children with SUDs

Introduction

Substance use disorders (SUDs) in children and underage adolescents are a major issue nowadays. SUDs consist of multiple “cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms” and are associated with changes in cognition and behavior (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013, p. 484; National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2016). Various solutions to the issue are being tested (Liddle et al., 2018), and individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) is one of them.

We will write a
custom essay
specifically for you

for only $16.05 $11/page
308 certified writers online
Learn More

According to the premise of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), by changing patients’ thinking processes, CBT can have an impact on their behaviors (Winters et al., 2018). CBT involves determining SUD-reinforcing factors and developing the behaviors and skills that can assist in combating them (Martin, Volkmar, & Bloch, 2018). The emphasis on skill training is a primary feature of this approach to SUD treatment.

Effectiveness

CBT is effective in treating various addictions and substance use disorders (Martin et al., 2018; Sadock, Sadock, & Ruiz, 2015). Both individual and group CBTs have been applied to adolescents with SUDs, but ICBT has more consistent evidence to indicate its effectiveness (Martin et al., 2018). The quality of evidence in favor of CBT varies, but, as shown by Martin et al. (2018), there are randomized clinical trials demonstrating its effectiveness despite the lack of recent studies on the topic.

Use with the Child/Adolescent Patient Population

When treating children and adolescents for substance use disorders, CBT is usually used to maintain abstinence (National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA], 2014; Sadock et al., 2015). Consequently, ICBT requires motivation for participation, which may be considered an eligibility requirement. However, motivation can be promoted, and ICBT fits the described population by being focused on determining individual difficulties and strengths (Martin et al., 2018), which is essential for underage people with SUDs (NIDA, 2014).

Training/Education

ICBT therapists need to be trained in CBT and working with the described population (Sadock et al., 2015). Furthermore, it is important to ensure that the treatment considers the use of particular substances (NIDA, 2014). Consequently, training is a major consideration when discussing ICBT for SUDs in youths. The specialists who can apply ICBT to the described population are not very numerous and may not be available for all regions, but Internet-based treatment can help to resolve the latter problem (Sadock et al., 2015).

Effectiveness Evaluation

The effectiveness of SUDs ICBT is evaluated through its key outcomes: abstinence and its maintenance. Drug use should be tested throughout the treatment period, and follow-ups are important (NIDA, 2014). However, SUDs tend to be chronic (APA, 2013; Nash, Marcus, Engebretson, & Bukstein, 2015), and prolonged or repeated treatment should be viewed as a reasonable requirement for positive outcomes.

Conclusion

To summarize, ICBT is an approach to SUDs treatment that can be employed with children and adolescents. Its key outcomes should be used for its evaluation, and it is evidenced to be effective with the described population. However, there is a shortage of the people who can perform ICBT, which can restrict its application.

Get your
100% original paper
on any topic

done in as little as
3 hours
Learn More

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders; DSM-5 (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Liddle, H., Dakof, G., Rowe, C., Henderson, C., Greenbaum, P., Wang, W., & Alberga, L. (2018). Multidimensional Family Therapy as a community-based alternative to residential treatment for adolescents with substance use and co-occurring mental health disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 90, 47-56. Web.

Martin, A., Volkmar, F., & Bloch, M. (Eds.) (2018). Lewis’s child and adolescent psychiatry (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Nash, A., Marcus, M., Engebretson, J., & Bukstein, O. (2015). Recovery from adolescent substance use disorder: Young People in recovery describe the process and keys to success in an alternative peer group. Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery, 10(4), 290-312. Web.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2014). Principles of adolescent substance use disorder treatment: A research-based guide. Web.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Alcohol. Web.

Sadock, B., Sadock, V., & Ruiz, P. (2015). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolter Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

We will write a custom
essays
specifically
for you!
Get your first paper with
15% OFF
Learn More

Winters, K. C., Botzet, A. M., Stinchfield, R., Gonzales-Castaneda, R., Finch, A. J., Piehler, T. F.,… Hemze, A. (2018). Adolescent substance abuse treatment: a review of evidence-based research. In C. Leukefeld & T. Gullotta (Eds.), Adolescent substance abuse (pp. 141-171). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Print Сite this

Cite this paper

Select style

Reference

StudyCorgi. (2021, April 2). Evidence-Based Intervention for Children with SUDs. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/evidence-based-intervention-for-children-with-suds/

Work Cited

"Evidence-Based Intervention for Children with SUDs." StudyCorgi, 2 Apr. 2021, studycorgi.com/evidence-based-intervention-for-children-with-suds/.

1. StudyCorgi. "Evidence-Based Intervention for Children with SUDs." April 2, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/evidence-based-intervention-for-children-with-suds/.


Bibliography


StudyCorgi. "Evidence-Based Intervention for Children with SUDs." April 2, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/evidence-based-intervention-for-children-with-suds/.

References

StudyCorgi. 2021. "Evidence-Based Intervention for Children with SUDs." April 2, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/evidence-based-intervention-for-children-with-suds/.

References

StudyCorgi. (2021) 'Evidence-Based Intervention for Children with SUDs'. 2 April.

Copy to clipboard

This paper was written and submitted to our database by a student to assist your with your own studies. You are free to use it to write your own assignment, however you must reference it properly.

If you are the original creator of this paper and no longer wish to have it published on StudyCorgi, request the removal.

Psst... Stuck with your
assignment? 😱
Susan
Online
Psst... Stuck with your assignment? 😱
Do you need an essay to be done?
Yes
What type of assignment 📝 do you need?
Yes
How many pages (words) do you need? Let's see if we can help you!
Yes