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Hypertension and Its Consequences

To begin with, hypertension is commonly categorized as a disease of nutritional-hygienic type since improper diets and chronic conditions usually cause it. However, high blood pressure might also stem from the patient’s family history with relatives who suffered from the same issue. People of specific races might also be more predisposed to experiencing high blood pressure due to the historical characteristics of their body functioning. Overall, people with such a diagnosis suffer from a strong flow of blood that artery walls cannot adequately persist and, therefore, individuals have a high risk of heart diseases being provoked.

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In addition, blood pressure is determined based on the proportion of the average blood amount the heart pumps on a daily basis and the resistance level of the arteries. Therefore, particular nutritional elements might increase blood pressure measurements, causing hypertension. To be more exact, Drummond et al. (2019) claim that large amounts of salt, fat, and cholesterol are more likely to impact blood pressure in a negative way. Nevertheless, it still appears to be challenging to determine whether a person suffers from the disease, considering that frequently the symptoms are not evident. Moreover, Drummond et al. (2019) identify the primary signs of high blood pressure to be headaches, nosebleeds, and problems with breathing. Still, these symptoms usually occur when hypertension has already developed to the last stages and threatens human life considerably (Drummond et al., 2019). Furthermore, people might prevent severe consequences of the problem if they opt to check their blood pressure on an annual basis during doctor’s appointments.

As a matter of fact, hypertension might also be caused by different aspects such as excessive alcohol intake, tobacco usage, or already existent illnesses that influence the conditions of arteries and the amount of blood that is pumped. For instance, Drummond et al. (2019) mention that the following diseases might influence hypertension: issues with hormones and kidneys, diabetes, and high cholesterol levels. In addition, a lack of physical activity might be the reason for obesity and being overweight, which, consequently, may increase blood pressure considerably (Drummond et al., 2019). However, Drummond et al. (2019) also consider birth control medicines damaging to a person’s health as it negatively influences blood pressure and heart functioning. By and whole, illnesses mostly related to problems with cholesterol and stress are recognized as the primary reasons for the occurrence of such a diagnosis as hypertension.

Evidently, such a severe disease also negatively impacts human health and yields harmful consequences. Blood pressure that is higher than 140 on top and more than 90 on the bottom is likely to provoke stroke, myocardial infarction, and heart failure (Drummond et al., 2019). Furthermore, Drummond et al. (2019) identify other repercussions of suffering from hypertension: renal failure, dementia, retinopathy, and even premature mortality. Overall, it is evident that hypertension is a hazardous illness, considering that it severely impacts the functioning of the heart, which is life-threatening to a person.

To sum up, hypertension is frequently provoked by dangerous alcohol and tobacco intakes, diets full of fat and cholesterol, and other illnesses that influence a person’s blood pressure. Therefore, improper functioning of the heart due to the arteries’ inability to ensure a smooth flow of blood is dangerous as it provokes repercussions. It is significant to note that most consequences of hypertension are life-threatening as they are strongly related to issues with heart functioning.

Reference

Drummond, G. R., Vinh, A., Guzik, T. J., & Sobey, C. G. (2019). Immune mechanisms of hypertension. Nature Reviews Immunology, 19(8), 517–532. Web.

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