Statutory authority is usually practiced in almost every federal government under the various state departments especially under department of defense and security. In this case, this statutory authority is practiced in correspondence with the existing laws and acts of parliament; where in this case this statutory authority is meant to help achieve the set government objectives and goals. In addition, statutory authority personnel are appointed by the state and work in correspondence with the relevant ministry in executing their duties.
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In this case, most of these statutory authority operations and responsibilities are meant to meet the government’s objectives at the expense of other parties’ interest; whereby in this case a country may ignore the interests of the other countries and individuals in the process of maintaining law and order. For instance, the US intelligence reforms and terrorism prevention act has led to massive changes in the treatment of suspected offenders. Based on this discussion human rights are significantly violated in the handling of terrorist suspects; whereby these suspects are denied many rights like the freedom of sight, worship, movement and those of freedom of expression (Peak, 2010).
Further, these statutory authority operations and responsibilities of the justice system officials have adverse psychological and physical effects on the suspected offenders. Based on this discussion, suspected offenders are denied their freedom of expression and the rights to representation in courts thus leading to many psychological problems. Further, the associated laws on issues like terrorism are very discriminative as they often target certain cultural or religious entities thus posing a psychological threat on the members of the targeted groups. In addition, suspected offenders are in most cases forced to admit their involvement in the unlawful acts under question; thus violating their rights and freedoms. Further, in this case the suspected offenders are subjected to physical mistreatments like the denial to sight, food, water and manhandling which may cause them severe physical difficulties (Peak, 2010).
In addition, the public police are under the cover of the law to use force in the execution of their duties; whereby in this case the achievement of their objectives in dealing with crime is given an utmost concern at the expense of the suspects’ rights. Based on this discussion, the public police are usually armed and provided for by the law the use of the resources at their disposal in maintaining peace. Additionally, most of the state laws on security matters are very restrictive regarding the use of arms by the private security officers, which in this case means that the use of force by the private security is not allowed. In addition, the state is usually responsible to ensuring a maximum security to its citizens; thus the use of arms by the police is usually provided for within the constitution (Peak, 2010).
Based on this discussion, the established laws on intelligence and security are to some extent very essential in ensuring public safety. In addition, the laws regarding probation are also very essential in the process of maintaining law and order; where in this case the convicted person serves his sentence outside the prison in accordance to the court order. Further, the application of parole in dealing with crime is very beneficial since a sate of balance is maintained between public safety and the rights of the suspected offender. In this case the offender is given a chance to express himself during the course of his sentence and may be granted a chance to serve the rest of the sentence outside the prison but promise to abide by the law. In addition, the integration of the criminal justice system with the community is very essential in ensuring public safety and the rights of suspected offenders; where in this case women are incorporated into the correctional activities (Abadinsky, 1999).
Based on this discussion, the state should adequately address the need of protecting the rights of suspected offenders in the process of maintaining law and order. In addition, the enactment of laws on security matters should be in correspondence with human rights and freedoms. Further, the integration of probation, parole and correctional organization in the process of ensuring public safety is very essential since it will ensure the protection of individual rights.
Abadinsky, H. (1999). Probation and Parole (7th Ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Prentice Hall press.
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Peak, K. (2010). Justice administration: police, courts, and corrections Management (6th Ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ. Prentice Hall press.