Specific goal: To inform my audience about the stages of CPR.
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Thesis: Artificial respiration includes three main stages — respiratory tract, respiration, and blood circulation.
- Imagine a situation where suddenly, one of the people nearby lost consciousness. Which action would you try to take first?
- I was certified in artificial respiration and used this technique in situations where it was necessary. In addition, I was able to conduct my research on this topic.
- CPR is a cardiopulmonary resuscitation consisting of three parts: respiratory tract, direct respiration, and blood circulation.
- The first stage of CPR is the respiratory tract (American Heart Association 1).
- When a person is unconscious, you should check their airways first.
- First, tilt the person’s head back and gently lift it with your finger’s chin, pressing on the forehead with the other hand.
- Secondly, lean over to the victim and listen carefully for signs of breathing; it will take about 3-5 seconds (Newell et al. 3).
- The second stage of artificial respiration is respiration.
- At this stage, you should perform rescue breathing.
- First, cover the victim’s mouth with your mouth, and hold the victim’s nose with your other hand.
- Secondly, continue to tilt the victim’s head back and raise his chin.
- The last stage of CPR is blood circulation.
- Search for signs of blood circulation.
- If you find signs of blood circulation, place the victim in a recovery position (Moscarelli et al. 2418).
- If the victim does not respond to rescue breaths, start compressing the chest.
- First, find a position on the lower half of the sternum between the nipples while kneeling in front of the victim.
- Secondly, place the palm of one hand on the lower half of the sternum and the palm of the other on top of the first hand.
- Now, you can start chest compression.
- First, do 15 compressions at a rate of 100 compressions per minute, slightly faster than one compression per second.
- Secondly, stop and take two more life-saving breaths.
- A competent check of the respiratory tract, respiration, and blood circulation of the victim can save his life.
- Now, when someone next to you loses consciousness, you will know what measures need to be taken to save him.
American Heart Association. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Print. 2000.
Moscarelli, Alessandra, et al. “Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Prone Position: A Scoping Review.” The American journal of emergency medicine, vol. 38 no. 11, 2020, pp. 2416-2424.
Newell, Christopher, Scott Grier, and Jasmeet Soar. “Airway and Ventilation Management During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and After Successful Resuscitation.” Critical Care, vol. 22 no.1, 2018, pp. 1–9.
Yan, Shijiao, et al. “The Global Survival Rate Among Adult Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients Who Received Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Critical Care, vol. 24 no. 1, 2020, pp. 1-13.