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Social Loafing and Facilitation: Article Study

Significantly, Schmutz, Laurenz, Meier, and Manser’s 2019 article ‘How effective is teamwork?’ focuses on the importance of teamwork in healthcare. According to Schmutz et al., teams are prudent, but healthcare practitioners must apply and combine their unique expertise in different healthcare systems (1). The authors give an example regarding the actual problems which teamwork and dependable collaboration have caused among the surgical teams. Healthcare practitioners often over-depend on one another, whereby they engage in the same activity and leave other essential programs they could have run to save the patient’s life. Schmutz et al. add that healthcare experts agree that effective teamwork ensures safe care delivery at diverse levels within the healthcare system (2). Hither, Schmutz, and colleagues reiterate that there is a need for individual responsibility to enhance the patient treatment and recovery process. The authors comprehend that a patient can receive excellent services when each practitioner in the team has a specific role to play. Holistically, the article presents the idea that teamwork has medium-sized effectiveness in the workplace; hence, employees should consider collaboration but with specifications on the fundamental role of each group member.

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Notably, there are two main psychological concepts in the article: social loafing and social facilitation perceptions. Denotatively, social loafing presents the idea that people are prone to put less effort when working as a group (Singh et al. 1). Psychologically, each individual within a group develops confidence that their peers will solve the problem, hence, making an insufficient dedication. In social loafing, individuals put fewer steps towards accomplishing a given duty, hoping that their colleagues will perfectly finish the task. Every group member develops the same perspective that another will do the work, whereby the specific job ends not being done into a standard. Moreover, the article exemplifies the social facilitation concept of psychology. According to Reynaud et al., social facilitation develops an increased level of effort due to others’ implied and real existence during duty performance (328). Arguably, the social facilitation analogy develops a comprehension that when individuals perform their duty within a group, they work smart and embrace quality to show their expertise to other members. Similarly, the article champions the importance of teamwork in the healthcare system. Nurses and doctors should have their specific roles in a group.

The article significantly affects and educates me regarding how to work independently to increase my chances of personal success. In an occupation, one should work with great effort without focusing on what others within the group are doing. Notably, it is apparent in public opinion that people commencing a business require group collaboration. However, the article has taught me that working as an individual is a typical assurance of future prosperity despite struggling at the moment. I can start my small business today and endure the different challenges which I face, but I am optimistic that the business will embrace productivity in the future. Through this article, I comprehend that working individually assures excellent care instead of working as a group, which might develop a sense of carelessness, hoping that others will do the specific duty. As a result, the business will collapse due to losses and customers’ lack of trust since they cannot develop business confidence. Arguably, it is better to struggle presently but achieve in the future. Therefore, the article has imparted the idea that one should embrace equality and perform their tasks correctly to provide excellent outcomes.

Works Cited

Reynaud, Amélie J., et al. “Social Facilitation of Cognition in Rhesus Monkeys: Audience vs. Coaction.” Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, vol. 9, 2015, p. 328. NCBI.

Schmutz, Jan B., et al. “How Effective is Teamwork? The Relationship between Teamwork and Performance in Healthcare Teams: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” BMJ Open, vol. 9, no. 9, 2019, pp. 1-3. NCBI.

Singh, Satvir, et al. “Perceptions of Social Loafing in Groups: Role of Conflict and Emotions.” SSRN Electronic Journal, 2017. 

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