Michael A. Rynkiewich, in chapter ten of his book the Soul, Self, and Society he focuses on the issue of movements. The chapter analyses the concepts of migration, diaspora, and transnationalism. He establishes the undisputed relationship between anthropology and missiology and the colonization activities in both neo and postcolonialism (Rynkiewich, 2012). First, let’s try and develop the meaning of the terms used as per the chapter. Migration is the internal and external movements of people from one geographic location to another. Though both diaspora and transnationalism refer to cross-border migration, diaspora is used to denote the population of a specific religion or nationality living in another country. Transnationalism refers to migrants residing in another country but still having relations to the home country.
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During the colonial period, as per the chapter, the colonial man could carry people as far as he wanted and convince him to accept the western narrative of salvation. The main story used to persuade people was searching for the Garden of Eden and the Promised Land (Rynkiewich, 2012). And this played the most significant role in the migration of people into western countries and be integrated into their population. However, biblical hermeneutics from various Christian groups have been flexible in justifying colonization.
Colonization is presumed to be the leading cause of the emergency of migration and settlement in the diaspora and the establishment of other races in the western countries. On page 197, political and ecclesiastical Desires have been expressed and the contributions to migrating (Rynkiewich, 2012). An argument is presented on how urbanization, globalization, and increased diaspora should affect their culture. He concludes the chapter by stimulating that a proper understanding of culture and the mother tongue in the science of anthropology cannot be tenable in the present world.
Rynkiewich, M. (2012). Soul, self, and society: A postmodern anthropology for mission in a postcolonial world. Wipf and Stock Publishers.