For decades, the issue of gun control remains burning in the US. It is immensely challenging to find a universal solution to this problem because the attitudes to it are polar. Nonetheless, it is still possible to deprive the wrong people of access to guns. The present essay discusses the ways how to ensure that a person who purchases a firearm would not harm others for no reason. The debates on gun control could be observed in the clash between the Republican and Democratic parties. More precisely, the former opposes gun control and supports the Second Amendment of the American Constitution that provides people a right to bear arms for self-defense (Miller 286; Burton 351; Honeycutt and Davis 1; Church and Davis 1). The latter, on the contrary, act in favor of the restriction of gun control and believe that ordinary people should not be allowed to keep weapons (Newman and Hartman 1533; Fleming et al. 352; Yousaf 2794; Ryan 7). According to the survey conducted by the Pew Research Center, American citizens who identify themselves as democrats support gun restrictions (Schaeffer). Those respondents who characterize their political orientation as republican argue that society will benefit from less strict gun laws (Schaeffer). The opponents of gun control argue that the driving point for violence is not the permission to bear guns but education, income, mental health, and other factors. The argument of republicans has a logic behind it; however, such reasoning fails to solve the major problem – the number of deaths caused by shootings. More precisely, in 2020 in the US, approximately two shootings per day took the lives of more than 500 people and injured more than 2500 people (Budgar). As President Joe Biden puts it in one of his speeches, the current situation with gun control and violence in the US is an “international embarrassment” (Zurcher).
tailored to your instructions
for only $13.00 $11.05/page
The share of Americans who support gun control restrictions gradually increases (Haner et al. 65; Van Sparrentak 884; Oraka et al. 179; Kruis et al. 28; Smith 41; Colleen 878). However, the government cannot currently totally prohibit the use of arms by civil citizens because it will cause a massive social resonance (Wozniak 259; Miller 274; Wallace 267). Nevertheless, it is still possible to develop ways of preventing wrong people from purchasing arms. It is necessary to explain what kind of people are characterized as wrong. The first group includes people with such mental disorders as schizophrenia, paranoia, antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, and sociopathy (Perrotta 043; Sedgwick et al. 1178; Wojciechowski 35; Mamidi and Gupta 29; Hauger et al. 2). The danger of mental health disorders is that people lose control over themselves and might unconsciously threaten others and hurt them (Metzl et al. 81; Harford 653; Thomson and Beauchaine 544; Marsden et al. 197; Wulandari 7). Such people are deprived of empathy and the ability for mentalization (Zsuliet 198; Felsenheimer et al. 1; Lakhani et al. 5; Velotti et al. 1084; Martin et al. 6). For example, a person with schizophrenia might not understand that a victim feels pain and could die if he or she cuts with a knife or shoots. Simultaneously, mental health issues remain highly stigmatized in modern society. Numerous scholars provide evidence that the potential danger of people with mental health disorders is the result of the stigma (Knoll & Annas 81; Pescosolido et al. 1714, 1742; Batastini et al. 675; Louden et al. 573, 576; Cavelti 1; Sheehan 3). Despite this, the imposition of additional mental health tests for people with mental disorders does not mean that all such people should be viewed as dangerous. People who show no signs of propensity to violence will be allowed to keep guns. Even if only one mentally ill person out of 20 will be identified as dangerous and will be deprived of the right to bear arms, this will save the lives of hundreds of American citizens. The second group of wrong people includes those who have a history of imprisonment for a violent crime. Currently, at the federal level, “felons, fugitives, people who use illegal drugs,” illegal immigrants, and those who committed domestic violence or alcohol-related severe crime are not allowed to possess guns (Gailey 156; Siegel and Boine 4; Philpott‐Jones 7; Mapua 18). This prohibition means such people could purchase guns from licensed dealers under no circumstances. Undoubtedly, this will stop only one part of the criminals because another part will try to buy guns from unlicensed dealers. People who move in criminal circles know where to get what they need. From this, it could be inferred that the wrong people could be deprived of guns through the fight against illegal arms trading at local, federal, and international levels. Every state has different firearm control laws, and some of them are weaker than others. For instance, these laws are weak in Mississippi, Louisiana, Wyoming, Missouri, and Alabama (Choi et al. 2141; 2142). States with strict firearm regulations suffer from ineffective policies of other states because this is how criminals in such states as New York get guns (Braga et al. 597). To cease illegal gun trafficking, Crifasi et al. suggest introducing “private transfer background check laws (CBC)” (241). The authors also believe that “laws requiring prospective handgun purchasers to obtain a license (PTP), those focusing on firearm trafficking, and state regulation of firearm dealers” will also bring positive results (Crifasi et al. 241).
Additionally, Koper et al. propose “restricting or mandating design changes in particular types of firearms that are considered to be especially dangerous and/or attractive for criminal use” (313). The primary assumption of Koper et al. is that design restrictions will make it difficult for criminals to use guns and, hence, they will stop purchasing them. Lawmakers should fully understand how criminals buy guns illegally to find ways to impede the functioning of this system. Federal laws also prohibit selling firearms to customers without conducting a background sale first. However, in American legislation, there is a gap known as the Charleston Loophole that enables purchasers to get their guns after three working days even if the background check has not been completed yet (Barry 582). To close this gap, governments need to restrict the duration of background checking. At the same time, the problem with the black market for guns remains because a background check could only be conducted when a firearm is purchased from licensed dealers (Vernick et al. 98). Hence, improvements in the sphere of gun control are impossible without a comprehensive approach. To conclude, one of the most effective ways of protecting people’s lives is to ensure that people who purchase guns are qualified enough and would not use them to hurt and kill others. The first measure is to conduct additional tests on people who are or were diagnosed with mental health disorders. The second way is to fight the black market for firearms. The third measure is to close the existing loophole that makes it easier to receive guns. These measures’ effectiveness could be multiplied if they are implemented together.
Barry, Brendan P. “Ensuring Only “Good Guys” can get Guns: How Implementation of a Federal Background Check Requirement on all Firearm Transfers can Impact Gun Violence.” Seton Hall Legislative Journal, vol. 44, no. 3, 2019, pp. 559-583.
Batastini, Ashley B., et al. “Mental Illness in the Eyes of the Law: Examining Perceptions of Stigma Among Judges and Attorneys.” Psychology, Crime & Law, vol. 24, no. 7, 2018, pp. 673-686.
Braga, Anthony A., et al. “Underground Gun Markets and The Flow of Illegal Guns into The Bronx and Brooklyn: A Mixed Methods Analysis.” Journal of urban health, vol. 98, no. 5, 2021, pp. 596-608.
Budgar, Laurie. ” Gun Violence Statistics in the United States: 12 Charts You Need to See.” Readers Digest, Web.
as little as 3 hours
Burton, Alexander L., et al. “Gun Owners and Gun Control: Shared Status, Divergent Opinions.” Sociological Inquiry, vol. 91, no. 2, 2021, pp. 347-366.
Cavelti, Marialuisa, et al. “Young People with Borderline Personality Disorder Have an Increased Lifetime Risk of Being the Victim of Interpersonal Violence.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2021, pp.1-19.
Choi, Pamela M., et al. “Pediatric Firearm Injuries: A Midwest Experience.” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 55, no.10, 2020, pp. 2140-2143.
Church, Stephen, and Davis, Wayne L. “Is There a Difference Between Democrat and Republican States in the Percentage of Male High School Students Who Carry Weapons on School Property?” Lincoln Memorial University Journal of Social Sciences, vol.1, no.1, 2020, pp. 1-10.
Colleen, Barry L., et al. “Public Support for Gun Violence Prevention Policies Among Gun Owners and Non–Gun Owners in 2017.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 108, no. 7, 2018, pp. 878-881.
Crifasi, Cassandra K., et al. “Policies to Prevent Illegal Acquisition of Firearms: Impacts on Diversions of Guns for Criminal Use, Violence, and Suicide.” Current Epidemiology Reports vol. 6, no. 2, 2019, pp. 238-247.
Felsenheimer, Anne, et al. “Familiarity, Empathy and Comprehension of Metaphors in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder.” Psychiatry Research, vol. 291, 2020, pp. 1-9.
Fleming, Anthony, et al. “Debating Gun Control in Canada and The United States: Divergent Policy Frames and Political Cultures.” World Affairs, vol. 181, no. 4, 2018, pp. 348-371.
Gailey, Amanda. “The Racial Politics of US Gun Policy.” The Ethics of Policing and Imprisonment, edited by Molly Gardner and Michael Weber, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2018, pp. 151-167.
Haner, Murat, et al. “Price of Liberty or Never Again: Americans’ Views on Preventing Mass Murder.” Justice Evaluation Journal, vol. 2, no.1, 2019, pp. 50-72.
Harford, Thomas C., et al. “Borderline Personality Disorder and Violence Toward Self And Others: A National Study.” Journal of Personality Disorders, vol. 33, no. 5, 2019, pp. 653-670.
Hauger, Lisa E., et al. “Anabolic Androgenic Steroids, Antisocial Personality Traits, Aggression and Violence.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 221, 2021, pp. 1-8.
Honeycutt, Chance, and Davis, Wayne L. “Political Partisanship and Female High School Students Who Physically Fight on Campus.” Lincoln Memorial University Journal of Social Sciences, vol.1, no. 2, 2021, pp. 1-10.
Knoll IV, James L., and George D. Annas. “Mass Shootings and Mental Illness.” Gun Violence and Mental Illness, edited by Liza H. Gold, and Robert I. Simon, American Psychiatric Association, 2016, pp. 81–104.
Koper, Christopher S., et al. “Criminal Use of Assault Weapons and High-Capacity Semiautomatic Firearms: An Updated Examination of Local and National Sources.” Journal of Urban Health, vol. 95, no. 3, 2018, pp. 313-321.
you can get a custom-written
according to your instructions
Kruis, Nathan E., et al. “Assessing the Impact of Knowledge and Location on College Students’ Perceptions of Gun Control and Campus Carry Policies: A Multisite Comparison.” American Journal of Criminal Justice, vol. 45, no. 1, 2020, pp. 25-47.
Lakhani, Sheetal, et al. “The Conceptualization and Assessment Of Social Cognition in Personality And Common Mental Disorders.” Asian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 65, 2021, pp. 1-6.
Louden, Jennifer, E. et al. “The Role of Stigma Toward Mental Illness in Probation Officers’ Perceptions of Risk and Case Management Decisions.” Criminal Justice and Behavior, vol. 45, no. 5, 2018, pp. 573-588.
Mamidi, Prasad, and Gupta, Kshama. “Rakshasa Grahonmada: Antisocial Personality Disorder with Psychotic Mania?” International Journal of Yoga-Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 2018, pp. 24-31.
Mapua, Jeff. Can Anyone Own a Gun? Enslow Publishing, 2019.
Marsden, Janet, et al. “Do Adult Males with Antisocial Personality Disorder (With and Without Co-Morbid Psychopathy) Have Deficits in Emotion Processing and Empathy? A Systematic Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior, vol. 48, 2019, pp. 197-217.
Martin, Sylvia, et al. “Examining the Relationships Between Impulsivity, Aggression, and Recidivism for Prisoners with Antisocial Personality Disorder.” Aggression and Violent Behavior, vol. 49, 2019, pp. 1-8.
Metzl, Jonathan M., et al. “Mental Illness, Mass Shootings, And the Future of Psychiatric Research into American Gun Violence.” Harvard Review of Psychiatry, vol. 29, no. 1, 2021, pp. 81-89.
Miller, Steven V. “What Americans Think About Gun Control: Evidence From The General Social Survey, 1972–2016.” Social Science Quarterly, vol. 100, no. 1, 2019, pp. 272-288.
Newman, Benjamin J., and Hartman, Todd K.. “Mass shootings and public support for gun control.” British Journal of Political Science, vol. 49, no. 4, 2019, pp.1527-1553.
Oraka, Emeka, et al. “A Cross-Sectional Examination Of US Gun Ownership And Support For Gun Control Measures: Sociodemographic, Geographic, And Political Associations Explored.” Preventive Medicine vol. 123, 2019, pp. 179-184.
Perrotta, Giulio. “Borderline Personality Disorder: Definition, Differential Diagnosis, Clinical Contexts, And Therapeutic Approaches.” Annals of Psychiatry and Treatment vol. 4, no. 1, 2020, pp. 043-056.
Pescosolido, Bernice A., et al. “Evolving Public Views On The Likelihood Of Violence From People With Mental Illness: Stigma And Its Consequences.” Health Affairs vol. 38, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1735-1743.
Philpott‐Jones, Sean. “Mass Shootings, Mental Illness, And Gun Control.” Hastings Center Report, vol. 48, no. 2, 2018, pp. 7-9.
Ryan, John Barry, et al. “When Trust Matters: The Case of Gun Control.” Political Behavior, 2020, pp. 1-24.
Schaeffer, Katherine. Key Facts About Americans and Guns, Pew Research Centre, Web.
Sedgwick, Ottilie, et al. “Neuropsychology and Emotion Processing In Violent Individuals With Antisocial Personality Disorder Or Schizophrenia: The Same Or Different? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry vol. 51, no. 12, 2017, pp. 1178-1197.
Sheehan, Lindsay, et al. “The Stigma Of Personality Disorders.” Current Psychiatry Reports, vol. 18, no. 1, 2016, pp. 1-11.
Siegel, Michael, and Claire Boine. “What Are The Most Effective Policies In Reducing Gun Homicides?” A Policy Brief , 2019.
Smith, Christopher E. “Gun policy: Politics and pathways of action.” Violence and gender vol. 7, no. 2, 2020, pp. 40-46.
Thomson, Nicholas D., and Beauchaine, Theodore P. “Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Mediates Links Between Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms And Both Aggressive And Violent Behavior.” Journal of Personality Disorders, vol. 33, no. 4, 2019, pp. 544-559.
Van Sparrentak, Murphy, et al. “Youth Opinions About Guns And Gun Control In The United States.” JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 172, no. 9, 2018, pp. 884-886.
Velotti, Patrizia, et al. “Mindfulness, Alexithymia, And Empathy Moderate Relations Between Trait Aggression And Antisocial Personality Disorder Traits.” Mindfulness, vol.10, no. 6, 2019, pp.1082-1090.
Vernick, Jon S., Ted Alcorn, and Joshua Horwitz. “Background Checks for All Gun Buyers And Gun Violence Restraining Orders: State Efforts to Keep Guns From High-Risk Persons.” The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, vol. 45, no. 1, 2017, pp. 98-102.
Wallace, Lacey N. “Concealed Ownership: Americans’ Perceived Comfort Sharing Gun Ownership Status With Others.” Sociological Spectrum, vol. 37, no. 5, 2017, pp. 267-281.
Wojciechowski, Thomas W. “The Salience Of Antisocial Personality Disorder For Predicting Substance Use And Violent Behavior: The Moderating Role Of Deviant peers.” Journal of Drug Issues, vol. 50, no. 1, 2020, 35-50.
Wozniak, Kevin H. “Public Opinion About Gun Control Post–Sandy Hook.” Criminal Justice Policy Review vol. 28, no. 3, 2017, pp. 255-278.
Wulandari, Patricia. “Diagnosis and Treatment of Antisocial Personality Disorder: A Case Report.” Scientia Psychiatrica vol. 1, no. 3, 2020, pp. 7-12.
Yousaf, Hasin. “Sticking to One’s Guns: Mass Shootings and the Political Economy of Gun Control in the United States.” Journal of the European Economic Association, 2021, pp. 2765-2802.
Zsuliet, Kristof, et al. “Mentalization And Empathy As Predictors Of Violence In Schizophrenic Patients: Comparison With Nonviolent Schizophrenic Patients, Violent Controls And Nonviolent Controls.” Psychiatry Research, vol. 268, 2018, pp. 198-205.
Zurcher, Anthony. “US Gun Violence: Biden Takes Action On ‘International Embarrassment’.” BBC News, Web.