The first article that I want to summarize concerns the research that Johanna Brenner conducted about intersections and class relations. The research method that she seems to have employed was a secondary data analysis and archival material. In the beginning, the author presents her theory regarding the connection between feminism and other liberation movements. In order to provide evidence for it, Brenner presents an analysis of work by other scholars, including Patricia Hill Collins, Kimberle Crenshaw, Karen Brodkin, and many others. First of all, according to her, aside from focusing on differences between races and sexualities, activists should also consider discrepancies between economic classes (Brenner, 2000, p. 293). The reason for this is that a middle-class white woman cannot be compatible with a poor working-class woman of color in terms of their privileges.
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As a result of her findings, Brenner proved that in order to acquire equality and justice for people of all generations, an intersectional analysis of class should also be taken into account. The author believes that while capitalists exploit the workforce, members of other social groups have become a part of this process, including women, immigrants, gays, and lesbians. Therefore, the civil rights movement should collaborate with other campaigns, including feminist ones. In this way, it would be possible to find more ways to end discrimination and poverty. To get these results, the researcher thoroughly explores the wide variety of published works on intersectionality. For that reason, she manages to find evidence of the fact that coalition would be the most beneficial way to resist oppression and make political, organizational changes. As an example, she suggests newly-emerged community-based organizations that fight for both racial justice and better working conditions, similar to trade unions.
Brenner, J. (2000). Intersections, locations, and capitalist class relations: Intersectionality from a Marxist perspective. Women and the politics of class, 293-324.