Time management is the technology of organizing time and increasing the effectiveness of its use. To some extent, it is not only a set of techniques but also a lifestyle and the philosophy of the value of time in a fast flow of information and an ever-changing world. The implementation of time-management technology in the workplace not only improves productivity and helps achieve better results but gives the chance to save a very significant amount of energy.
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As Boniwell and Zimbardo (2015) note, the ability to work with time is one of the fundamental features of a person’s experience. Certain methods and techniques of time planning, which many experienced specialists use in the workplace, give some advantages.
For example, competent planning can reduce the amount of time a person spends on work. Another technique is the ability to use the information correctly. It is important to extract only necessary information from a large flow and exclude the data that does not bear any significance. Perhaps, few know about such a method of time management in the workplace as alternation of work and leisure. The ability to allocate time for important matters and rest reasonably will positively affect the effectiveness of the work.
However, some people do not consider it necessary to use the techniques of time-management. Such beliefs can lead to the fact that a person will not have enough time to perform relevant tasks, and he or she will waste all the energy. Furthermore, incorrect planning will not allow allocating time correctly, which also will inevitably lead to delays and, as a result, to a decrease in labor efficiency. Therefore, the advantages of time-management techniques in the workplace are quite evident.
Impact of Goal Setting on Work Performance
The component of productive work is the setting of serious but quite achievable goals. Correctly planned tasks, which managers set to employees, help increase productivity, and achieve timely fulfillment of the necessary goals. Besides, the personality of an employee, as well as his or her relationship with the team, is of great importance. These factors directly affect the quality of the work performed and the enthusiasm a person shows.
If an employee demonstrates satisfactory progress in work, he or she can be a good example to follow. A lively and confident character is a positive trait for any person since such people, as a rule, are not inclined to perform the tasks badly and not on time. Adequate ambitions can also be a help if they do not interfere with a person and do not force him or her to go against the company’s policy. Good relations in the team usually make the microclimate favorable and contribute to more efficient work, and if a manager sets clear and achievable goals for the subordinates, it is most likely the key to productive and high-quality work.
Nevertheless, not all companies adhere to the proper principle of doing business, which, in turn, negatively affects the results of work. If a person does not understand what they want from him, he is unlikely to be able to perform the task well. The setting of incorrect or unclear goals is, probably, one of the main mistakes that management can make. Moreover, neglecting an employee’s qualities can also negatively affect productivity. For example, do not expect from a passive and non-ambitious person high-performance results. At the same time, it is unlikely to be the right decision to entrust an impulsive and creative man with routine work. Consequently, all these factors should be taken into account to achieve high working efficiency.
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Boniwell, I., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2015). Balancing time perspective in pursuit of optimal functioning. In S. Joseph (Ed.), Positive psychology in practice: Promoting human flourishing in work, health, education, and everyday life (2nd ed.), (pp. 223-236). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.