The Anthropocene is an informal term that denotes an era with a high level of human activity affecting wildlife and ecosystems. In recent decades, humans have caused landscape changes, mass extinction of wildlife, and environmental pollution. People have been purposefully changing the world for a long time, using natural resources and wealth, and creating new objects in the process of life. Human needs have led to increased contact with the biosphere, disrupting the natural course of its development and giving it specific features.
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Anthropocene is believed to have started when humans began to impact ecology significantly. Cutting down forests, the invention of cars, and opening factories have led to increased carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere (Wilson, 2018). These emissions brought about significant climate changes, the effect called global warming. Global warming affects all living organisms, and people nowadays have the ability to change the living conditions on Earth through their activity.
The role of the Anthropocene in globalization can hardly be overestimated since, due to human activities, the world is becoming more and more interconnected. Initially, human influence on the environment was not very pronounced and was mainly restricted to developed countries. Nowadays, human impact on Earth has acquired a universal character as humanity enters the age of global trade. New inventions quickly spread across the globe, and climate changes embrace all corners of Earth. As a result of these changes, a new ecologic reality comes into existence. Every day endangered species disappear, the ozone layer is destroyed, and plastic dumps increase in size. However, nowadays, there are many timely ecologic initiatives helping to solve these problems, and that is for people to determine whether this new era will benefit the planet or totally ruin it.
Wilson, C. (2018). Raj Patel and Jason W. Moore. A history of the world in seven cheap things: A guide to capitalism, nature, and the future of the planet. Environmental Philosophy, 15(1), 135-138.