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Arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Chronic Back Conditions


Disease diagnosis is an ongoing examination to ensure the quality of health is preserved. Inadequate awareness of the illness or pathophysiology mechanism leads to misunderstanding and acts as a deterrent to correct management and slow recovery. There is a need to carry out a systematic study of the disease mechanism and get a detailed view of the disease: the statistics of the incidence, the mortality inequalities, the treatment strategy, the response focused on facts, and the dissemination of adequate education. Processes of chronic diseases are becoming difficult to treat and affect the everyday life of the person. Healthy People 2020 also addresses the processes of illnesses like arthritis, osteoporosis, and chronic back conditions, which cause pain and impact the quality of life significantly. In this article, one of the prevalent mechanisms of illness, arthritis, is discussed, focusing on its key facets, recent estimates, current health inequalities, preventive steps, scientific results, tension relating to disease, and evidence-based action to fight the disease.

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Arthritis’s Prominent Aspects

Research indicates that different causes of arthritis impact approximately 54.4 million United States citizens annually from 2013 to 2015 (“Arthritis,” n.d.). It is expected that the incidence of arthritis will continue in the future. It is estimated that about 78 million United States people 18 or older will have arthritis by 2040 (“Arthritis,” n.d.). Everybody must also consider the crucial facets of arthritis. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis and common comorbidity, including diabetes, asthma, fitness, and obesity. Arthritis is a form of the inflammatory disorder where nearly everyone is affected at some stage during their lifetime. Continuous inflammation affects bone and joint stability. Various forms of arthritis are caused by various body areas that disturb the bone joints and kill cartilage, resulting in joint function changes and improvement in normal skeletal and skeletal behavior. The natural range and body movements are limited and painful. The most influential arthritis feature consists of the illness’s irreversibility and the debilitating pain that influences everyday psychological activities and living conditions. Health services also need to concentrate on preserving and managing conditions to ensure the quality of life.

Arthritis Statistical Data Findings and Associated Disparities

Arthritis occurrence in various groups varies according to their general health and comorbidities. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) statistical results clearly showing differences in age, size, color, and ethnicity within various groups. CDC observational evidence suggests that in the United States, approximately 7.1% of 18-44-year-olds, 29.3% of 45-64 years-old, and 49.6% of those aged 65 and over are subject to arthritis, and approximately 26% of females and 19.1% of men are impacted (CDC, 2018). In addition, over 4.4 million people are afflicted with and have been identified with arthritis, 41.3 million Non-Hispanic whites, 6.1 million African Americans, 1.5 million Asians (CDC, 2018). The results show a greater incidence of arthritis amongst the 65-plus, female and Caucasian age classes (CDC, 2018). The presence of inequalities must be resolved to reduce the prevalence and increase the quality of life of affected populations. Healthy People 2020 also attempts to monitor the suffering, roles, and behavior associated with arthritis-related public health issues.

Prevention Strategies Including Complementary and Alternative Health Therapies

Since arthritis is a prominent feature of irreversibility and chronic pain, health professionals need to concentrate on preventive and chronic pain management, as has been described earlier. Complementary and complementary approaches, such as yoga, dramatically affect their avoidance and control of symptoms. Routine training aims to repair the synovium and cartilage of joints. The joints are then kept flexible and moving. To reduce the incidence and manage physical activity complications, such as cycling, running, rowing and power exercise. Although scientists have established that exercising does not cure arthritis, it helps counter the limited mobility or disability of arthritis and enhances life quality. Research has demonstrated that a safe, nutritious diet is the secret to arthritis prevention in tandem with everyday activity. In addition, some scientific findings have suggested that foods contributing to inflammation and eliminating bone integrity be avoided and people to maintain a healthful daily diet.

Contemporary Research and Clinical Studies Related to Arthritis

The study focused on predicting future developments, creating new technologies, and providing a contemporary approach in an acceptable timeframe based on historical observations and trends. Contemporary research and clinical trials have focused on preventing and modifying diseases with different forms of arthritis through many research projects that have demonstrated positive outcomes in present days (Hunter & Bierma-Zeinstra, 2019). The therapy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was based on several conditions of arthritis. The most common form of arthritis that affects almost any senior person is osteoarthritis (OA). The sample treated with MSCs indicated an increase in cartilage histology and morphology (Hunter & Bierma-Zeinstra, 2019). After three to six months of surgery, the cartilage demonstrated substantial improvement (Hunter & Bierma-Zeinstra, 2019). Several clinical trials have been initiated by promising preclinical experiments. A significant improvement in their knee joints was shown in one of the controlled scientific, prospective, and randomized trials of autologous BM-MSCs of approximately 20 eight patients (Hunter & Bierma-Zeinstra, 2019). There are also more current clinical trials focusing on the treatment of symptoms.

An Analysis of the Pathophysiologic Effects of Stress-Related to Arthritis

Stress consists of reactionary tension, strain, intensified pain, and inconvenience. The hypothalamus stimulates the sympathetic nervous system to respond to stress exposure, as combatants release the flight hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine, increasing metabolism, heart rates, blood pressure, and muscle contractions. Research indicates that constant exposure to stressors would contribute to the psycho-neuro-endocrine system’s erratic hormonal reaction (Hunter & Bierma-Zeinstra, 2019). Missing reaction stress often leads to self-supporting waterfalls and induces changes in the individual’s physical, psychological and spiritual health (“Relaxation techniques,” 2019). Psychophysiological consequences, including fear, depression, aggression, anguish, anxiety, and nervousness, may depend on the stress severity (“Relaxation techniques,” 2019). Proinflammation caused by depression exacerbates health diseases such as arthritis (Hunter & Bierma-Zeinstra, 2019). Overall, arthritis, pain and depression generate a cycle that affects coping and makes it more difficult for individuals to fight.

Evidence-based Stress Management Interventions that Might Help with Prevention or Cure

Stress is a normal part of the life of everyone. Stress will, though, make it more difficult for people to deal with existing arthritis symptoms. Other causative stress causes must be identified to relieve stress, in addition to arthritis pain. For one, people may be overwhelmed by medical costs, diet, and other factors. Causative factors should be discussed as a primary means for mitigating discomfort, reducing discomfort, and treating existing conditions (“Relaxation techniques,” 2019). Before using traditional therapy as stress relief, the inclusion of complementary treatments suitable for the underlying causative cause should be considered. For example, calming-based therapies can disrupt a pain-related stress loop. Relaxation stimulates a parasympathetic reaction rather than a sympathetic reaction that interrupts the negative psychological loops (“Relaxation techniques,” 2019). Relaxation techniques may involve gradual relaxation, directed visualization, deep respiration, hypnosis, and biofeedback (“Relaxation techniques,” 2019). Relaxation techniques are evidence-based, and considerable literature shows that it is effective and can be used by healthcare providers (“Relaxation techniques,” 2019). The efficacy of practitioners must also be assessed, and they may not be effective for those with severe illness and mental health disorders.

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In general, health providers must act on primary care and focus on symptom treatment in the light of significant facets and the fact that there is no cure for arthritis. Infirmary measures should concentrate on enhancing joint functions and mobility, increasing the resilience of muscles through an aerobic workout, reducing stress levels, and improving psychiatric conditions, including a well-balanced diet to support bone mineral density and reducing comorbidity. In conclusion, nurses should also educate us about the increasing prevalence of arthritis and raise concerns about preventive measures that enhance life quality and save billions of dollars.


Arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Chronic Back Conditions. (n.d.). Healthy People 2020.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018). Arthritis-related statistics.

Hunter, D. J., & Bierma-Zeinstra, S. (2019). Osteoarthritis. The Lancet, 393(10182), 1745-1759.

Relaxation techniques for health. (2019). NCCIH.

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