Betty Neuman’s System Model for Patients’ Stresses

Prevention of Stress

  • Protection of the normal line of defense
  • Strengthening the flexible line of defense
  • Preventing internal resistance lines from strengthening
  • Reducing the reaction to various stress factors
  • Increasing stress resistance qualities of the patient

Note: Betty Neuman was a professional nurse that specialized in stress reduction and management. The majority of her academic works are built on her theories as to this question. It is necessary to state that Neuman was also known as a professor and a counselor in the sphere of nursing. However, her system model is used to improve nursing practice nowadays (Ahmadi & Sadeghi, 2017). With the help of this theory, contemporary medical workers know how to cope with their patients’ stresses and what should be done to improve their emotional health (Ahmadi & Sadeghi, 2017).

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In the list that can be found at the beginning of the paper, it is possible to see some of the implications that are necessary to be used to help stressful people. To begin with, it is necessary to state that there are three levels of stress prevention courses that every nurse must adhere to primary, secondary, and tertiary steps of the system model (Ahmadi & Sadeghi, 2017). The first step is intended to straighten the flexible line and protect the normal line of defense. In turn, the second step is to improve the internal resistance lines of a person, reduce one’s reaction, and strengthen stress resistance factors (Ahmadi & Sadeghi, 2017). Finally, the third step is to rehabilitate the patient and make him or her an emotionally healthy person.

The Identification of Stressors

  • The lack of personal equilibrium
  • Distracting objects at work or home
  • The lack of a happy moment in life
  • Discrimination in a certain community or society
  • Nurses’ resilience during their working shifts

Note: Another innovation in the sphere of medicine that was brought by Neuman’s system model and is used to improve nursing practice is the identification of common stressors that are present in everyone’s life. Before, different factors that had an adverse impact on a person’s emotional health were not certain. In turn, Betty Neuman stated that the lack of equilibrium is one of the main elements that might lead to permanent stresses (Ahmadi & Sadeghi, 2017). It would be proper to mention that this disorder was not considered to be something serious before Betty Neuman presented her theory. Nurses thought that stresses were normal and should have been present in people’s lives sometimes.

However, the scholar said that many distracting objects at work (demanding superiors, mean colleagues, and so on) or home (children that do not behave, an unfaithful spouse, and so on) might also make people dissatisfied with their lifestyles. Moreover, nurses now can recommend their patients to necessarily experience new emotions or feelings to become happier and forget about their stresses. It is necessary to state that many academic works are built on the system theory of Betty Neuman. Another essential point that Neuman discussed in her theory is nurses’ resilience and how they must cope with various stressors at work. “Due to the stressors involved in the field of nursing, resilience has been identified as an essential trait for those working in the profession” (Turner & Kaylor, 2015, p. 215). Unfortunately, many medical workers do not have happy personal lives because of the work they have to do on a daily basis. Today, nurses are more resistant to stress because they follow the recommendations described above.


Ahmadi, Z., & Sadeghi, T. (2017). Application of the Betty Neuman systems model in the nursing care of patients/clients with multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal – Experimental, Translational and Clinical, 3(3), 1-22. Web.

Turner, S. B., & Kaylor, S. D. (2015). Neuman systems model as a conceptual framework for nurse resilience. Nursing Science Quarterly, 28(3), 213-217. Web.

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