Bipolar Disorder' Symptoms and Treatments - Psychiatry | Free Essay Example

Bipolar Disorder’ Symptoms and Treatments – Psychiatry

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Topic: Health & Medicine
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Introduction

The bipolar disorder (BD) is an austere, cerebral illness that forces an individual to have highly unpredictable and intense sensations. The identification of the real cause of the bipolar condition is still under research. Although there are several effects associated with the basis of bipolar occurrences. People are suffering from bipolar disorder changes from eventual clarity, energy, and happiness to extensive nervousness, fatigue, and anguish (Serretti & Mandelli, 2008). At times, the disorder causes an individual to commit suicide. Moreover, the disorder can destabilize the daily functioning of any person as it comes with extremely elevated moods that can last for one week or more. The mood swing might denote mania or manic condition. Once an individual has undergone such changes, the victim might automatically develop depression. Hence, this paper discusses the signs and symptoms, treatments, as well as management objectives of the bipolar disorder. The discussion can enable the learners to understand the antiquity of bipolar disorder.

Signs and symptoms

The signs and indicators of a person ailing with bipolar disorder appear in several classifications. These categories get influenced by the particular type of developmental experiences that the victim is undergoing. People who suffer from this disorder tussle with emotional conditions that occur in mood episodes.

Manic episode

The classification based on a manic episode delivers a totally fresh list of symptoms and signs. These signs and symptoms are quite dissimilar from those in the depression incidence. In this episode, the sufferer of mania that is a feature or an indication of the bipolar condition experiences reduced the span of concentration besides being unfocused. Such persons might effortlessly indulge in anti-depressants and drugs like sleeping pills and cocaine. Equally, the victim of the manic disorder appears to be intolerant in tackling issues. The patient’s skills of judgment may experience damage to increased sexual energy (Titmarsh, 2013). In addition, dominant pressure during chats and speeches, the alleviated necessity for slumber, and an enhanced feeling of optimism characterizes the manic episode. The other reflective signal linked to mania is that it augments the characters of imagination with poor judgment manifestation in certain cases. Thus, the victim turns out to be hypersexual and highly active than normal, as observed in the manic episode.

Depression episode

The depressive episode is an excessively dejected state. In fact, the depressive episodes are more intense and frequent as compared to the manic experiences. The victim experiences prompt nervousness, hopelessness, and belligerence. Besides, the patient may experience depression, indifference, lack of concern over sexual activity, and sleep, as well as isolation (Barnett & Smoller, 2009). However, the signs and symptoms differ from different patients’ experiences. The other signs consist of concentration problems, reduced interest in daily activities, little energy, pressure as well as strange eating habits. Consequently, it is essential for bipolar victims to embrace the symptoms and signs of both episodes in order to attain the appropriate medicinal consideration.

Treatment

There are several cures employed to treat bipolar disorder. Bipolar medication usually comprises of treatments like anti-psychotics or vein preservatives and psychoanalysis. Currently, there are several medicinal and non-medicinal systems of treatment recognized by the different organization across the world.

Pharmacological treatment

The pharmacological method of handling bipolar disorder is by mood maintenance treatment. The leading mood soothing medicine (Lithium) controls the structures of raising temperaments. Lithium also assists in the prevention of the re-occurrence of depression and swinging moods. Similarly, uncommon anti-psychotic treatments can be used for the treatment of the bipolar disorder. The antipsychotic medications might be used together with extra cures to manage the disorder. Different antipsychotic medicines are used to cure the victims undergoing or having problems with psychotic experiences. If the sufferer had not experienced psychotic problems earlier, then this treatment is put into practice to maintain their temperament levels. Certain treatments are employed only under unexpected occurrences. In general, the treatment of bipolar disorder helps in maintaining and controlling mixed experiences (Barnett & Smoller, 2009).

Psychological treatment

At times, medicine alone can never be sufficient to comfort the victims of bipolar syndrome. Several non- medicinal managements can be used single-handedly or in conjunction with the other prescriptions. These include social rhythm, interpersonal, cognitive, as well as behavioral therapies. The psychological treatment helps in the modification and identification of conduct during a mood swing and retention of anti-stress comportments. Therapies also aid the generation and synchronization of daily practices besides lessening the anxiety caused in the relationship by the disorder. Furthermore, non-medicinal therapy enables the victims to control their actions and conducts adequately (Kerner, 2014). Nonetheless, the medicinal cure only overwhelms the individual’s actions by regulating energy heights. non-medicine treatments remain advantageous to the sufferers having the will, ability, and strength to change their manners during mood swings given that bipolar syndrome is an all-time malady. Thus, psychological treatment may be the best substitute for medication for one’s perfect lifetime.

Objectives

Short term goals

The bipolar disorder might have an upsetting effect on one’s societal conduct. The disorder decreases job functioning and rank, intensifies the probability of separation or divorce, and influences individual social operations. As a short-term objective, the victims of bipolar should embrace the indicators for the different episodes in order to assist the functioning of their daily existence. Nerve-racking conditions activate the episodes of bipolar episodes that can be costly to handle in public (Hirschfeld & Vornik, 2005). The disorder holds a negative effect on many relationships as folks might not understand or view the victim as an outcast. As a result, it is essential for any society to recognize and understand the bipolar episodes completely. It is the only simple way to ensure that treatment is fully met.

Long term goals

The comprehensive medication for bipolar disorder is not yet clear. As such, psychotherapy and treatment assists in decreasing the signs significantly. A number of treatments employed in curing the signs of this illness are approved by different organizations. The US government approves ‘the first mood-stabilizing treatment’ in order to help eradicate the disorder. In fiscal 1970, lithium was introduced as a long term remedy to prevent the exciting lows and highs of the bipolar disorder. Nevertheless, blood examination must take place in order to analyze thyroid and kidney responses (Kerner, 2014). Certain medicines meant for treating epilepsy along with the anticonvulsants meant for seizures have a future in the management of bipolar. Though these remedies show suicidal behavior and considerations amongst the epileptic victims, carbamazepine has been employed to halt the relapse of bipolar episodes and cure mania. Research indicates that there are results showing long term benefits associated with the use of these medications in the entire world.

Conclusion

The bipolar disorder might be highly distressing in a person’s lifespan. The signs can make patients experience job loss, accumulate great monetary debts, and have unsuccessful relationships owing to the unreliable routine. Nonetheless, once there is early diagnosis and commencement of medication program, the bipolar victim may normally live with slight indicative symptoms. As a consequence, the key to a normal existence comprises of drug treatment, self-management of the causes, and psychotherapy.

References

Serretti, A., & Mandelli, L. (2008). The genetics of bipolar disorder: Genome ‘hot regions,’ genes, new potential candidates and future directions. Molecular Psychiatry, 13(8), 742-771.

Barnett, H., & Smoller, W. (2009). The genetics of bipolar disorder. Neuroscience, 16(1), 331-343.

Hirschfeld, M., & Vornik, A. (2005). Bipolar disorder costs and comorbidity. The American journal of managed care, 11(3), 85-90.

Titmarsh, S. (2013). Characteristics and duration of mania: Implications for continuation treatment. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 17(3), 26-27.

Kerner, B. (2014). Genetics of bipolar disorder. Applied Clinical Genetics, 7(1), 33-42.