This case study is a discussion on the microbiology course that touches on Candida Albicans and Staphylococcus Aureus as the two leading and especially dangerous conditionally pathogenic and bacterial microorganisms. Due to their special design and mechanisms, they can cause severe morbidity and mortality. Below is a brief description of these types of microorganisms, as well as a detailed description of their structure and characteristics.
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Thus, Candida Albicans is a yeast-like fungus, the cell wall of a two-layer structure. According to photos from the recent study, these fungi have a yeast, rather small and round-oval shape, and, as a rule, they bud and multiply singly. Moreover, Candida Albicans has several specific, unique sets of distinctive characteristics. For example, this fungus can repeatedly and spontaneously “jump” between different phenotypes. Moreover, fungi of the genus Candida are dimorphic, and under various conditions, they form blastospores and pseudomycelia. They are widely distributed in the environment and are found in soil, drinking water, food, and on the skin and mucous membranes of humans and animals. Also, favorable conditions for the growth of Candida fungi are considered to be the temperature of 21-37 ° C, and the medium’s acidity is 5.8-6.5 pH.
On the other hand, Staphylococcus Aureus also has a fairly wide range of features, signs, and functions. According to the photos, the structure of Staphylococcus Aureus has a spherical, rounded shape (cocci) without flagella and appears in the form of clusters. The microorganism’s characteristics differ from others in the following features. Firstly, some bacterial strains are resilient and resistant to various environmental influences, antibiotics, and other medications. Secondly, this type of microorganism is often found in soil and water and often pollutes products. Thirdly, Staphylococcus Aureus is quite maneuverable capable of damaging all tissues and organs of a living organism.