The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a set of rules that describe different components of scientific writing. APA presents requirements for the organization, format, and citation in academic papers. The APA style’s purpose is to enhance clarity, reliability, and conformity. In addition, it assists in avoiding plagiarism and promotes the coherence and fairness of scientific research. These intentions are implemented via in-text citations. Through references and in-text citations, readers get an opportunity to check the credibility of presented statements and implications. All necessary details that include the author’s name, the title of a source, date of publication, and some others should be specified in the reference list at the end of a paper. The APA guidelines can be applied to various types of academic assignments, such as literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, and essays.
For example, to support the statement that different types of domestic violence are a fundamental issue in modern societies that affects people of any gender, one may quote a relevant source, applying the APA formatting. According to Howard, Oram, Galley, Trevillion, and Feder (2013), “Domestic violence – physical, sexual, or emotional abuse by an intimate partner or family member – is a major health problem and although more common in women, can also affect men” (p. 16). This in-text citation serves as a tool enhancing the credibility of the text.
The article “Domestic violence and perinatal mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis” provides information on domestic violence cases in the perinatal period. The authors scrutinized incidents of domestic violence against women suffered mental disorders associated with pregnancy. Such conditions involve “depression and anxiety disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD], eating disorders, and psychoses” (Howard et al. 2013, p. 5). The authors agreed that further research on methods addressing domestic violence and improving health conditions of pregnant women is of high priority.
Breiding, M. J., Chen, J., & Black, M. C. (2014). Intimate partner violence in the United States–2010. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Elmquist, J., Hamel, J., Shorey, R. C., Labrecque, L., Ninnemann, A., & Stuart, G. L. (2014). Motivations for intimate partner violence in men and women arrested for domestic violence and court referred to batterer intervention programs. Partner Abuse, 5(4), 359-374.
Foshee, V. A., Dixon, K. S., Ennett, S. T., Moracco, K. E., Bowling, J. M., Chang, L. Y., & Moss, J. L. (2015). The process of adapting a universal dating abuse prevention program to adolescents exposed to domestic violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(12), 2151-2173.
Gluck, S. (2016) Effects of domestic violence, domestic abuse (on women and children). Web.
Howard, L. M., Oram, S., Galley, H., Trevillion, K., & Feder, G. (2013). Domestic violence and perinatal mental disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine, 10(5), 1-16.
Spivak, H. R., Jenkins, E., VanAudenhove, K., Lee, D., Kelly, M., & Iskander, J. (2014). CDC grand rounds: A public health approach to prevention of intimate partner violence. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(2), 38-41.