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Electronic Health Records: A Review of the Literature

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. (2018). Use of Electronic Health Record Data in Clinical Investigations. Web. 

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A guidance document was issued by the American Food and Drug Administration to assist various parties in effectively utilizing Electronic Health Records in clinical circumstances. The guidance gives recommendations on whether a particular organization should invest in Electronic Health records to acquire data on clinical investigations, how to ensure the quality and integrity of collected information. Published by the FDA, a federal agency of the United States, the document has credibility. Published on their official website, this paper is used to evaluate the efforts of other organizations and provide useful tips on implementing various approaches to the medical and food industry. This source will serve to list the primary functions of the Electronic Health Record systems and outline their primary demographics.

Hoover, R. Benefits of using an electronic health record. Nursing, 46(7), 21–22. Web.

An article, published in a nursing-oriented journal covers the benefits of the health record systems. It cites legibility as one of the main advantages electronic recording has, explaining that many medical errors in the field’s history can be attributed to poor handwriting and misunderstandings. The page also notes that the computer-based system has a much more secure system, with the ability to log access information and track the use of data. The source appears credible, as it was published in a peer-reviewed journal. The information relayed there can be used to argue for the benefits of Electronic Health Record systems in improving efficiency and security.

Kruse, C. S., Stein, A., Thomas, H., & Kaur, H. (2018). The use of Electronic Health Records to Support Population Health: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of medical systems, 42(11), 214. Web. 

The paper presents a comprehensive review of the literature on the use of Electronic Health records. 55 Different articles were reviewed, with the authors concluding that more research into the topic is needed. They have also noted that EHR can improve healthcare productivity and help organizations better serve public health. Data accumulated in electronic medical records can be easily shared between providers. This article appears to be credible, being published in the Journal of Medical Systems. It can be used to note some of the perceived benefits of EHR inpatient care in the case of different providers.

McKeeby, J., & Coffey, P. (2018). The Importance and Use of Electronic Health Records in Clinical Research. Principles and Practice of Clinical Research (Fourth Edition), 687–702. Web. 

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The article goes into detail to explain and analyze the usage of Electronic Health Records and Electronic Medical Records in the clinical research process. The paper outlines the architecture and the characteristics of data gathered by the electronic systems. EHR and EMR can be effectively utilized to support clinical research through documentation-specific form design and clinical decision support. Included as a part of a book on the practices and principles of clinical research, this article is credible on the topic it discusses. The data can be used to cite the benefits of HER in the clinical research environment.

Poissant, L. (2005). The Impact of Electronic Health Records on Time Efficiency of Physicians and Nurses: A Systematic Review. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 12(5), 505–516. Web.

This source provides a systematic review of the impact EHR has on-time efficiency. The paper uses nurses and physicians for its evaluation. Research into literature from the periods of 1966 to 2004 has been performed. Time efficiency is recognized as one of the major benefits of electronic systems while noting that inefficiency in its implementation is a significant drawback to the implementation of EHR. EHR can be used as an effective tool to innovate and transform health delivery services. This paper was published in a peer-reviewed journal, so it can be used as a credible source. The data and conclusions of the piece can support the fact the use of EHR is time-efficient.

Schopf, T. R., Nedrebø, B., Hufthammer, K. O., Daphu, I. K., & Lærum , H. (2019). How well is the electronic health record supporting the clinical tasks of hospital physicians? A survey of physicians at three Norwegian hospitals. BMC Health Services Research, 19. Web.

This paper is an analysis of interviews with doctors from three Norwegian hospitals. 402 professionals were asked how much they use of electronic systems helps them in completing clinical tasks. While certain functionality was found to be inefficient and slow, many features of the systems, including test management and decision supporting functionality were found to be satisfactory. The research is credible, being recently published in a peer-reviewed journal. It can be used in discussing the specific functionality the use of EHR offers, as well as in identifying its main strengths.

Use of Electronic Health Records. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2016). Web.

The charts presented on the page show relevant data on the benefits of using Electronic Health Records. The website compiles information from various sources, presenting it in an accessible manner. Their data emphasizes that patients find it important to have the ability to access their medical details and give them to other healthcare providers in an electronic format. The sources for all the data are present and appear to be credible. The page can be used to argue that electronic systems promote patient choice and wellbeing.

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Wang, S. J., Middleton, B., Prosser, L. A., Bardon, C. G., Spurr, C. D., Carchidi, P. J., … Bates, D. W. (2003). A cost-benefit analysis of electronic medical records in primary care. The American Journal of Medicine, 114(5), 397–403. Web.

The last source estimates the net benefits of using EHR, mentioning that not enough research has been done into this aspect of their use. They conclude their analysis by stating that the implementation of electronic medical records can create a positive financial return to the primary care providers. Published by the American Journal of Medicine, this article is credible. The analysis and the conclusions drawn from this paper can prove the cost benefits EHR has in the healthcare industry.

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StudyCorgi. (2022, April 23). Electronic Health Records: A Review of the Literature. Retrieved from


StudyCorgi. (2022, April 23). Electronic Health Records: A Review of the Literature.

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