Upon contact with foreign Ags, Lymphocytes travel to the site of inflammation under the tight control of a cascade of molecular interactions between endothelial cells and leukocytes. The process of interactions of selectins, which consists of P-Selectin, E-Selectin, and L-Selectin, facilitates the capturing of leucocytes from circulating the blood. Through a process mediated by chemokines and integrins, the leucocytes stop after being tethered and rolled on endothelial cells. The hypothesis for this study is that both the in vitro and in vivo cell activation conditions can stimulate P-selectin binding PSGL-1 when C2GlcNAcT-1 is not present.
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Mice that were six to ten weeks old were used for experimental analysis. Cell culture suspensions were prepared in RPMI 1640 suspension, and Abs and flow cytometry techniques were used to analyze the cells. Other methods used were western blotting, lymphocyte culturing, core 2 and core 4 enzymatic assays, positive selection, rolling assays, statistical analysis, and in vivo HY simulation.
From the experiment, it was observed that P-selectin can bind PSGL-I on Con A-activated T cells from C2GlcNAcT-Inull mice, C2GlcNAcT-I and C2GlcNaAcT-III RNA is expressed in activated splenocytes, and increased core 2 O-glycan core 2 O-glycan formation on CD43 and CD45RB correlates with increased P-selectin ligand formation. It was also observed that activated C2GlcNAcT-Inull cells roll-on immobilized E-selectin in a PSGL-I-independent, core 2-independent manner, and in vivo TCR signaling can induce P-selectin ligand formation in C2GlcNAcT-Inull CD8T cells.
The absence of C2GlcNAcT isoenzymes gives yield to the differing deficiencies in the process of formation of functional ligands. Each of the three selectins recognizes these ligands. There was no reproducible induction of P-selectin ligand since the T cell culture conditions did not lead to the formation of P-selectin ligand formation. In conclusion, the article outlines that a second C2GlcNAcT enzyme can add to P-selectin ligand formation and influence the rolling of activated CD8 T cells.