Case (2012) affirms that Whites might not identify every aspect of white privilege, civilization, and power since they are members of the principal racial grouping. Through the enhancement of proficiencies to disrupt one’s racist views and perceive elusively racist conducts, they might progress to a greater evaluation of unidentified racism instead of being devoured by the dissatisfaction and fault that normally emanate from such circumstances. Encountering oppression entails constant sentiments of fault and failure when views and conducts oppose a person’s anti-racist principles. This is supported by Papish (2015) with the affirmation that black social identity offers African Americans the chance to assemble into a special social room. Thus, failure to focus on such an identity could signify that any distinctive good and resource that just African Americans can conserve will go unidentified.
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Moreover, Case (2012) establishes that in the nonexistence of social backing, White anti-racists will probably be overpowered by their sentiments of segregation that could lead to desertion of their push for social fairness. Groups such as White Women against Racism (WWAR) could offer a chance for the Whites having anti-racist principles to challenge deliberations, conclusions, conducts, and most significantly, the racial insinuations of their choices in an open manner. Through communication with others in a similar position, White anti-racists could resort to the shared understanding and awareness of the other members and identification of the factors of racism that would otherwise remain undetected.
Similarly, Papish (2015) indicates that an unevenness involving the resources held by the African Americans and nonblacks in the fight against racism could elucidate the strange valence that goes with the decisions of and anticipations for African Americans residing in racially unfair societies. Hence, black social identity could assist in the comprehension of the communication of black realism while maintaining the assertions that no racialized group has a unique moral responsibility to battle racist domination. Though black social identity is important, disregarding it does not indicate an ethical failure.
On the concerns of racial profiling, Fischer (2013) establishes that the national secure communities plan has resulted in racial profiling. On top of dispiriting immigrant societies from reporting illegal activities, immigration enforcement worsens the extant difficulties via racial profiling. The police officers initiate traffic stops with the intentions of discriminately applying immigration laws and propagating racial profiling, in addition to other abusive activities. In this regard, the course of deportation progressively starts with a wrong arrest or traffic stop carried out by the national and local policemen.
On their part, Jordan, Gabbidon, and Higgins (2009) affirm that it is evident that racial profiling is not secluded to traffic stops. For instance, if company workers target buyers for inequitable treatment anchored in their race or civilization, that kind of racial profiling is known as retail racism or consumer racial profiling (CRP). A final deliberation associated with the importance of their study is the prospective to comprehend the connections amid racial minorities and private security staff, as well as clerks. Taking into consideration that there are thrice the number of security staff as the public police force, the connections are perhaps influenced by the certainty that consumer racial profiling is common.
For clerks, studies affirm that they as well perpetrate consumer racial profiling. For instance, sales clerks have stereotypical opinions associated with ethnicity and criminal activities that they act upon through involvement in consumer racial profiling. The question that remains is about the extent to which the views of sales clerks vary from the ones of security staff or the police force. On the face of it, it could be interesting to assess consumer racial profiling with respect to the opinions of racial minorities in accordance with procedural justice (Jordan et al., 2009). There are innumerable possibilities regarding consumer racial profiling. To add to racial profiling, Pickren (2011) states that regardless of their objectives, the efforts of social scientists were not successful in changing housing policy. In the metropolitans across the US, housing remained separated out, which acted as a proof that the vision of quality housing for everyone in the United States failed to incorporate the Blacks, in addition to other minorities.
Attributable to the push by Black Nationalism as well as Civil Rights movement, the majority of inner metropolitans in the United States detonated into spirited, often hostile, struggle against the persistent racism (Pickren, 2011). This was not just in housing but also other discriminatory activities caused by structural inequities of the life in the US, and this was termed as race riots by the Whites. In retrospection, possibly such occurrences should not have been anticipated. Pickren (2011) closes with an unsettling quote generated by insights from good plans of well-intentioned Whites, “The dark ghetto’s invisible walls have been erected by the White society, by those who have power, both to confine those who have no power and to perpetuate their powerlessness” (p. 39). In conclusion, Case (2012) highlights that Whites might fail to identify every facet of white privilege, civilization, and power, but through the development of the means of interrupting and noticing racist notions, they might get a profound evaluation of unconscious racial discrimination instead of being devoured by frustration and guiltiness thereafter.
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Case, K. A. (2012). Discovering the privilege of whiteness: White women’s reflections on anti‐racist identity and ally behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 68(1), 78-96. Web.
Fischer, A. (2013). Secure communities, racial profiling, & suppression law in removal proceedings. Tex. Hisp. JL & Pol’y, 19, 63. Web.
Jordan, K. L., Gabbidon, S. L., & Higgins, G. E. (2009). Exploring the perceived extent of and citizens’ support for consumer racial profiling: Results from a national poll. Journal of Criminal Justice, 37(4), 353-359. Web.
Papish, L. (2015). Promoting black (social) identity. Social Theory and Practice, 41(1), 1-25. Web.
Pickren, W. E. (2011). Psychologists, race, and housing in postwar America. Journal of Social Issues, 67(1), 27-41. Web.