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Heart Disease Case Study

Chest pain can be caused by a variety of physical conditions, including heart disease or nervous disorders. A 52-year-old male patient has several physiological abnormalities that are triggered by hyperlipidemia and first-degree obesity. In addition to necessary laboratory tests, the man needs additional blood and urine tests, such as creatinine and proteinuria. The patient is burdened with family and professional responsibilities, which should be regulated by long-term health education. Thus, this case requires more detailed laboratory research to study post-interventional practice and monitor potential heart disease.

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The results of the preliminary examination provided are the basis for diagnosis, but it can be detailed. The nature of the pain can characterize several critical illnesses, including heart attack. It has been noted that individuals at risk should have a detailed physical examination and questioning about chest discomfort (Inamdar & Inamdar, 2016). For example, pain that spreads to the left arm could be the first stage of a heart attack. Further examination should include questions about a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, weakness, burning in the ribs, and dizziness. These markers indicate coronary heart disease and oxygen deficiency, which have been partially confirmed by laboratory tests. The missing tests are cholesterol, creatinine, and triglyceride levels, which complement the picture of arterial health (Hung et al., 2020). Thus, additional questioning about physical pain perception and laboratory tests are needed to make a definitive diagnosis.

Diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases is a diversified process, as they are associated with disorders of the nervous system, digestive tract, or accidental infections. A laboratory test of biological material is essential to rule out multiple irrelevant diagnoses. It has been noted that increased C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with infections and inflammation, but it is also correlated with the first stages of heart disease (Sproston & Ashworth, 2018). This acute-phase protein responds to damage to blood vessels and arteries and may indicate plaque on the way to the heart. Differential diagnoses for the patient are atherosclerosis, aortic and vascular aneurysms, and thrombosis since laboratory tests may show blockage. Thus, further study of the patient’s biophysical parameters will help make a more accurate diagnosis and prescribe preventive measures.

Patient education is one type of prevention, as clinicians indirectly influence a person’s everyday behavior. The patient should receive dietary advice, exercise plan, and conditions in which an immediate visit to the doctor should be made. For example, sharp pain in the left arm and shoulder is a symptom of a heart attack. Consequently, these conditions should be discussed, and the patient should confirm their understanding and willingness to use the advice in everyday life. A statement about not having enough time for illness and the need for an immediate solution to the problem are incompatible with these symptoms. The clinician should express an understanding of family and professional duties and communicate the need for ongoing health monitoring. Besides, responsibilities can be combined with diet and exercise without affecting the routine. Thus, the lack of free time will not become an obstacle to better quality of health care in the framework of prevention.

A 52-year-old male patient has laboratory abnormalities in addition to physical pain. High blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, and excess weight are sufficient reasons for further diagnosis of heart disease. A heart attack is a threat due to pain in the left arm, as are atherosclerosis and thrombosis in several differentiated cases. Patient education plays a key role, as the man must be aware of physical conditions characterized by negative dynamics. Thus, this case requires long-term monitoring and frequent visits to the clinic for laboratory tests and interviews with the clinician.

References

Hung, M., Kounis, N., Lu, M., & Hu, P. (2020). Myocardial ischemic syndromes, heart failure syndromes, electrocardiographic abnormalities, arrhythmic syndromes and angiographic diagnosis of coronary artery spasm: Literature review. International Journal of Medical Sciences, 17(8), 1071-1082. Web.

Inamdar, A., & Inamdar, A. (2016). Heart failure: Diagnosis, management and utilization. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5(7), 62. Web.

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Sproston, N., & Ashworth, J. (2018). Role of C-reactive protein at sites of inflammation and infection. Frontiers in Immunology, 9, 754. Web.

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