The authors of the first study provide two main hypotheses in their research study (Baker, Rodgers, Davis, Gracely, & Bowleg, 2014). Apart from just addressing the hypotheses, they are later tested in order to determine their validity. In order to establish the first hypothesis, the researchers conducted a bivariate analysis. During the analysis, the relationship between outcome variables and predictor variables were developed by the researchers.
In order for the hypothesis to be valid, the predictor variables hypotheses were conformed using the Mann-Whitney U tests. Some of the elements considered under the latter type of test included drug therapy use among women diagnosed with HIV/AIDS and the quantity of viral load that can be detected by the testing machines. On the other hand, continuous variables have been studied by the authors using correlation analysis.
One of the most outstanding aspects here is the CD4 account for patients who have been already diagnosed by the disease. In the hypothesis, the researchers argue that communication on the use of condoms is fundamental in reducing the fast spread of HIV/AIDS. Their mean ages as well as occupations were also factored in the study (Baker et a l., 2014). In regards to the methodology used, African-American women were used as subjects in the study. They were a total of 157 people. Their characteristics were also used to carry out the research study. Regression analyses were employed as part and parcel of methodology (Baker et al., 2014).
The results or findings of this study demonstrated that huge satisfaction is derived by women who have been diagnosed by HIV/AIDS and most probably going through treatment and other therapeutic curative measures. Other aspects that were found to generate satisfaction among female patents struggling with HIV/AIDS are prevention of HIV/AIDS, social support services and provision of medical services.
When it comes to prevention, most women are ready to take a leading role. Prevention measures that can curtail transmission include being faithful to one partner, abstinence and using protection. There are no known vaccines to date that can be used to prevent HIV/AIDS. For women who have already been diagnosed with the condition, Anti-Retroviral Therapy is highly recommended in order to boost the immune system and suppress the virus. Since mother-to-child transmission is also rife among pregnant women especially in under-developed and developing nations, affected women are advised to take anti-HIV/AIDS medicines before childbirth
HIV is the acronym of the human immunodeficiency virus. Of causing AIDS, attacks the immune system, responsible for defending the body from disease. The most affected cells are the CD4 + T lymphocytes. And it is changing the DNA of that cell that HIV makes copies of itself. After multiplying, they break into lymphocytes and cause further infection.
Having HIV is not the same as having AIDS. There are many HIV-positive people who live years without symptoms and without developing the disease. But, they can transmit the virus to others through unprotected sex, by sharing contaminated needles or from mother to child during pregnancy and breastfeeding. So it is always important to get tested and be protected in all situations.
In the research study by Mohite, Mohite and George (2015), the authors explore how stigma generally contributes to depression within a family setup. In their hypothesis, the authors argue that if depression and stigma can be controlled among women affected by HIV/AIDS, then the scourge might be brought to an end after some years.
A descriptive epidemiological method was used used by Mohite et al (2015) to conduct the research study (Mohite et al., 2015). In the findings section, the researchers discovered that women in middle age stage are the worse affected by depression and stigma after they have been tested and found HIV positive.
Baker, J. L., Rodgers, C. R., Davis, Z. M., Gracely, E., & Bowleg, L. (2014). Results from a Secondary Data Analysis Regarding Satisfaction with Health Care among African American Women Living with HIV/AIDS. JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 43(5), 664-676.
Mohite, V. R., Mohite, R. V., & George, J. (2015). Correlates of perceived Stigma and Depression among the women with HIV/AIDS infection. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 14(2), 151-158.