Obesity is one of the major health conditions affecting people in every developed country. This disease has become a major problem because professionals and experts in the field of health do not take it seriously. Consequently, it has become a leading cause of many illnesses today. This paper gives a detailed discussion and critical analysis of the article, “An Evidence-Based Guide for Obesity Treatment in Primary Care”. The link to it is “https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5988348/”.
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The authors of the selected article focus on the application of an evidence-based model to meet the health demands of obese patients. This target population is usually at risk of developing various conditions, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and stroke (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). The researchers indicate that the 5A counseling model (Assess, Advise, Agree, Assist, and Arrange) can empower caregivers to form multidisciplinary teams and address the psychiatric, psychosocial, and medical needs of different individuals. The theory is also capable of connecting beneficiaries to the available resources in the community, thereby being in a position to record meaningful lifestyle changes.
Brief Summary and Critique
The above article begins by revealing that obesity affects people with racial minority backgrounds because they usually have reduced income levels. This medical condition is associated with other co-morbidities, such as chronic pain, diabetes, insomnia, and sleep apnea. Those who are affected by this disease tend to have higher chances of developing other conditions, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. The authors use this background information to support the provision of appropriate support and care. The 5A model can ensure that beneficiaries engage in various activities that will result in weight loss (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). The presented framework will guide them to embrace dietary change, monitor their body mass indexes (BMIs), and exercise frequently.
During the first or Assess stage, clinicians will evaluate the presence of obesity and other related conditions, such as sleep problems and binge eating. The Advise phase is critical to educate and inform potential beneficiaries about the benefits of weight management. The Agree stage empowers caregivers to discuss the available options and identify individuals who are willing to engage in counseling. Clinicians consider the Assist phase to refer individuals to advanced weight management plans. The final or Arrange stage is for follow-up purposes. Practitioners can use it to encourage beneficiaries to engage in other programs that have the potential to deliver positive results (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). Through the use of this model, physicians and clinicians in different primary care setting will find it easier to provide appropriate counseling and design the best care plan for psychiatric and psychosocial comorbidities related to increased weight. They will also introduce a comprehensive multidisciplinary team to meet their patients’ biopsychosocial needs.
Critical Analysis and Context
The authors of this article select a specific population that stands a chance to benefit from evidence-based practices in the field of healthcare. A balanced approach is evident since they focus on the unique benefits of managing weight and the potential outcomes when individuals ignore this condition (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). For instance, it is evident that people who fail to manage obesity will be at risk of developing other diseases that can affect their health outcomes. Obesity is also associated with various co-morbidities that complicate the situation and make it impossible for people to have high-quality lifestyles.
The article goes further to indicate that the application of the 5A model will empower and guide many obese individuals to pursue evidence-based activities that can eventually deliver positive medical outcomes. After reading this publication, it is agreeable that there is no bias involved because the authors reference each idea or information accordingly (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). The researchers also present adequate facts and research findings, thereby minimizing chances of imbalance.
Article’s Quality and Personal Opinion
Personally, I believe that the studied article is worth reading since it presents ideas that are applicable to healthcare. This is the case since the authors have consulted numerous researches and publications that address the obesity epidemic in the United States (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). They have also identified the existing knowledge presented by different health organizations in an attempt to have a clear picture of this problem. After examining the emerging ideas and concepts in the field of medical practice, the authors developed and presented an evidence-based model that has the potential to support the needs of patients in primary care settings (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). The use of sufficient and latest research is what delivers a high-quality article that is written in a technically correct and clear manner. The reader observes that all arguments, ideas, and concepts are understandable and applicable in different clinical settings. However, the researchers could have offered new aspects and details to explain how different professionals could apply the 5A model outside the primary care unit. Through increased argumentation, the reader can acquire advanced ideas for managing obesity and recording positive health outcomes.
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From the above analysis, a follow-up article can present additional information on how citizens and social workers can apply the 5A model to deal with obesity. This means that more people will be willing to engage in various exercises and monitor their respective diets and BMIs. Such aspects can make it easier for many citizens in this country to address the challenge of obesity and any other disease associated with it (Aveyard et al., 2016). I have agreed with this article because it presents straightforward information that is founded on emerging research. It goes further to offer powerful concepts that can address the targeted health condition.
The studied article has supported and expanded my knowledge about this medical predicament. I have always understood that exercises and dietary changes can make it possible for many people to record positive health outcomes. The studied publication has supported the effectiveness of the 5A model to encourage individuals in primary care settings to overcome this problem. Practitioners and clinicians can form multidisciplinary teams to guide their patients to deal with obesity and monitor all conditions associated with it (Perkins, Pereira, Shaw, Biernacki, & Thompson, 2016). This article will make it possible for many citizens to lead high-quality lives and pursue their aims diligently.
The above article has indicated that the use of evidence-based practices can deliver positive health outcomes in patients with obesity. The 5A framework is a powerful model that supports the formation of multidisciplinary teams in order to provide superior services to the identified individuals. The overall result is that such beneficiaries will lead high-quality lives and eventually overcome most of the diseases associated with obesity, such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.
Aveyard, P., Lewis, A., Tearne, S., Hood, K., Christian-Brown, A., Adab, P., … Jebb, S. A. (2016). Screening and brief intervention for obesity in primary care: A parallel, two-arm, randomized trial. The Lancet, 388(10059), 2492-2500. Web.
Fitzpatrick, S. L., Wischenka, D., Appelhans, B. M., Pbert, L., Wang, M., Wilson, D. K., & Pagoto, S. L. (2016). An evidence-based guide for obesity treatment in primary care. The American Journal of Medicine, 129(1), 115.e1-115.e7. Web.
Perkins, L. K., Pereira, K., Shaw, R. J., Biernacki, G. J., & Thompson, J. (2016). Implementing the evidence-based guidelines for overweight/obese adults. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 12(9), e389-e393. Web.