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Pain Management During Postoperative Laparotomy

Post-operative laparotomy situations entail acute pain and critical care concerns. The first 24 hours during the aftermath of an operation expose the patient to excessive agony which makes them struggle to regain normalcy (Cuvillon et al., 2020). The prescribed drug, oxycodone 10 mg every 4 hours, will help relieve the ache and enable the patient to relax. This medication is a semisynthetic opioid with mu-type receptors, kappa, and delta agonistic properties which reduce hyperpolarization and lower the excitements of the CNS neurons. It binds with the G-protein receptors inhibiting adenylate cyclase, which eventually depresses neurotransmission. Patient recovery is a vital phase in post-operative laparotomy requiring effective use of the right drug prescription.

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Oxycodone’s main side effects may include chills and confusion alongside other indications such as sweats, dizziness, and difficulty in breathing. These problems may arise depending on the patient’s immune response (Johnson et al., 2020). The most effective treatment for such complications is to adhere to the prescription or withdraw and replace it with an alternative opioid, serving the same purpose. In all cases, it is crucial to evaluate any underlying conditions and allergic concerns before administering the dose.

The process of determining pain level is fundamental in the recovery of the patient. However, there is a need to understand the various aspects of ache which can be evaluated. Oral engagement can establish the severity of pain and enable the nurse to establish relentlessness. Simultaneously, locating which part of the body is hurting may also help evaluate the extent of the condition concerning the operated spot. Thus, understanding the type and extent of pain by engaging the patient throughout the recovery process is paramount.

The signs of tolerance to medication may range from the patient’s level of response to pain relief. When they take the medication but still complain about the soreness in various body parts, it implies the drugs are no longer useful and should be changed for a reprieve from the distress. Nonetheless, it is vital to ensure that the patient adheres to the treatment schedules and consumes the right diet as recommended.

To conclude, the management of a patient during post-operative laparotomy requires close monitoring as they take their medicine. Using oxycodone 10 mg will be effective only if the sick person adheres to the prescription because it is an opioid that alters the functionality of CNS neurons. Likewise, it is also important to monitor the potential side effects of the drug to avoid complications and allow a healthy recovery process.


Cuvillon, P., Alonso, S., L’Hermite, J., Reubrecht, V., Zoric, L., Vialles, N., Faillie, J. L., Kouyoumdjian, P., Boisson, C., Raux, M. & Langeron, O. (2020). Post‐operative opioid‐related adverse events with intravenous oxycodone compared to morphine: A randomized controlled trial. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. Web.

Johnson, B. L., Todd, H. F., Vasudevan, S. A., Nuchtern, J. G., Patel, N. V. & Naik-Mathuria, B. J. (2020). Subcutaneous analgesic system versus epidural for post-operative pain control in surgical pediatric oncology patients. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. Web.

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