Reducing BMI Measures in School-Aged Children

Introduction

  • Almost 20% of children between 2 and 18 years old affected
  • Unhealthy lifestyle, inactivity, and harmful dietary habits
  • Ineffective school-based interventions
  • Efficient school-based programs are needed
  • More physical activity during school hours

The Spirit of Inquiry Ignited

  • False beliefs concerning childhood obesity
  • Comorbidity of obesity
  • Parental lifestyles and dietary habits
  • BMI explained
  • Effectiveness of BMI

The PICOT Question Formulated

  • P – Children
  • I – participate in 30 minutes of physical activity every day
  • C – and how it compares to a day without it
  • O – according to the body mass index
  • T – which is measured after the end of an academic year which is typically 8 months

Search Strategy Conducted

  • The use of online journals
  • The studies and opinions of scientists, pediatricians, and therapists
  • The focus on interventions and programs for obese children and those at risk
  • BMI as an effective tool to determine a child’s health status
  • Effective interventions are necessary

Critical Appraisal of the Evidence Performed

  • Physical activity ensures BMI loss (Coimbra et al., 2017)
  • The ineffectiveness of primary-school programs (Tarro et al., 2014)
  • The benefits of physical activity (Pbert et al., 2016)
  • Ineffectiveness of a specific school-based intervention (Larsen et al., 2016)
  • The need for a comprehensive approach

Evidence Integrated with Clinical Expertise and Patient Preferences to Implement the Best Practice

  • The purpose of the study: the relationship between additional physical activity in school and students’ BMI
  • The exact extent to which the intervention is effective compared to no intervention
  • Can 30 minutes suffice?
  • A school year as an appropriate period for data collection
  • Stakeholders include students and educators

Evaluation Plan

  • 18 months for the intervention
  • Measuring the participants’ BMI
  • Analyzing questionnaires and interviews
  • Analyzing the opinions of students, educators, parents
  • Peers’ opinion analysis
  • Starting the discussion of the effectiveness of the intervention in question and other programs for the target population

Methods

  • Theoretical Framework
  • Design
  • Confidentiality
  • Sample/Setting/Procedure
  • Instrument

Theoretical Framework

  • The importance of the theoretical framework for an EBP project
  • Conceptual framework: lifestyle transformations, academic activity, obesity, and school-based intervention
  • Self-care theory: transforming students’ ability to maintain proper BMI
  • Neuman’s Systems Model: the collaboration of parents, educators, students, and healthcare staff
  • Schools as the platform for the change

Design

  • Mixed method research
  • Quasi-experimental design
  • Convenience sampling enables to ensure the participants’ motivation to change (which can make the program effective)
  • BMI as a dependent variable
  • Intervention as an independent variable

Confidentiality

  • Participants’ names coding
  • Personal data safety and proper storage
  • No access to the participants’ personal data
  • Participants will be able to withdraw at any point
  • The written informed consent signed by parents

Sample/Setting/Procedure

  • Obese children and students willing to participate as the participants
  • Setting: a school-based intervention
  • Period: 18-month intervention
  • The provision of training for educators who will be involved
  • Parental involvement through the participation in physical activities developed for the participants

Instrument

  • Measuring BMI
  • Analyzing questionnaires to elicit opinions and attitudes
  • Interviews to obtain more detailed accounts
  • Comparing the results of obese and non-obese students
  • The use of data analysis software to facilitate data reliability

The Outcome of the Practice Change Evaluated

  • Measuring the participants’ BMI
  • Questionnaires for the participants
  • Interviews to elicit opinions and attitudes
  • Obese children and those who are willing to avoid health issues
  • Comparing BMI of the two groups

Project Dissemination

  • Supervisors and managers as reviewers
  • Analyzing feedback from different to improve the intervention
  • Developing programs and conducting other studies
  • Informing parents
  • The collaboration of educators, healthcare staff, and parents

Conclusion

  • Childhood obesity as a new pandemic
  • 30-minute physical activity as a solution
  • Transforming lifestyles
  • Changing dietary habits
  • Active academic life

References

Coimbra, S., Catarino, C., Nascimento, H., Alves, A. I., Medeiros, A. F., Bronze-Da-Rocha, E.,… Belo, L. (2017). Physical exercise intervention at school improved hepcidin, inflammation, and iron metabolism in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Pediatric Research, 82(5), 781-788. Web.

We will write a
custom essay
specifically for you

for only $16.05 $11/page
308 certified writers online
Learn More

Larsen, K. T., Huang, T., Ried-Larsen, M., Andersen, L. B., Heidemann, M., & Møller, N. C. (2016). A multi-component day-camp weight-loss program is effective in reducing BMI in children after one year: A randomized controlled trial. Plos One, 11(6), 1-16. Web.

Pbert, L., Druker, S., Barton, B., Schneider, K. L., Olendzki, B., Gapinski, M. A.,… Osganian, S. (2016). A school-based program for overweight and obese adolescents: A randomized controlled trial. The Journal of School Health, 86(10), 699-708. Web.

Tarro, L., Llauradó, E., Albaladejo, R., Moriña, D., Arija, V., Solà, R., & Giralt, M. (2014). A primary-school-based study to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity – the EdAl (Educació en Alimentació) study: A randomized controlled trial. Trials, 15(58), 1-13. Web.

Print Сite this

Cite this paper

Select style

Reference

StudyCorgi. (2021, July 21). Reducing BMI Measures in School-Aged Children. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/reducing-bmi-measures-in-school-aged-children/

Work Cited

"Reducing BMI Measures in School-Aged Children." StudyCorgi, 21 July 2021, studycorgi.com/reducing-bmi-measures-in-school-aged-children/.

1. StudyCorgi. "Reducing BMI Measures in School-Aged Children." July 21, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/reducing-bmi-measures-in-school-aged-children/.


Bibliography


StudyCorgi. "Reducing BMI Measures in School-Aged Children." July 21, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/reducing-bmi-measures-in-school-aged-children/.

References

StudyCorgi. 2021. "Reducing BMI Measures in School-Aged Children." July 21, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/reducing-bmi-measures-in-school-aged-children/.

References

StudyCorgi. (2021) 'Reducing BMI Measures in School-Aged Children'. 21 July.

Copy to clipboard

This paper was written and submitted to our database by a student to assist your with your own studies. You are free to use it to write your own assignment, however you must reference it properly.

If you are the original creator of this paper and no longer wish to have it published on StudyCorgi, request the removal.

Psst... Stuck with your
assignment? 😱
Susan
Online
Psst... Stuck with your assignment? 😱
Do you need an essay to be done?
Yes
What type of assignment 📝 do you need?
Yes
How many pages (words) do you need? Let's see if we can help you!
Yes