The SIOP Model represents an evidence-based framework of sheltered instruction that has been widely used across the educational facilities in the United States. The components of the SIOP Model include preparation, building background, comprehensible input, strategies, interaction, practice or application, lesson delivery, and review or assessment. Lesson preparation is the first step that is addressed by building a comprehensive plan that would be appropriate for the age and the educational level of students. Building background is the second step in the model that is addressed by connecting the new concepts and already acquired knowledge. This means that new information should be presented and in accordance with the students’ level of preparation. The third component is comprehensible input that is addressed by the teacher speaking appropriately to accommodate the proficiency level of students and explaining academic tasks clearly. Strategies represent the fourth component, which is addressed through the use of different techniques and question types to facilitate a better understanding of the subject. Interactions are very important within the SIOP Model and imply the facilitation of frequent discussions and the exchange of information between students. Practice and application are addressed with the help of supplying hands-on materials and activities for students to use their learned knowledge. Lesson delivery is addressed with the help of clearly supporting language and content objectives. Moreover, teachers are expected to engage students in the lessons and pace them appropriately. Finally, review and assessment are needed to ensure that students receive regular feedback on their knowledge acquisition. Overall, a class lesson that is structured with the help of the SIOP Model provides extensive opportunities for learning through interactions between students and the teacher.
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