Sociology is a complex science, as it involves statistics and psychology, which are viewed from an objective and subjective perspective. Mills’s perceives social problems as challenges in understanding the environment, which is divided into personal and global ones. The author provides a sociological vision based on institutions, allowing expanding the methodology of interaction with society and developing critical thinking adequately. Besides, McIntyre describes a horrific crime that results from the inequality and condemnation of discriminated communities. Romero argues the struggles of service workers’ social representation as an effort to improve professional conditions and eliminate the most depressing parts of the work, rooted in cultural characteristics and perceptions.
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Mills uses the Weberian group conflict as a theoretical basis for explaining the sociological vision in secondary data analysis. This concept emphasizes that any disagreement or social problem can be considered broader than a crisis between the two sides. Institutions and subjective perceptions show global trends that may have led to conflict. On the other hand, McIntyre partially argues Washington’s case for symbolic interactionism and interviews as a research method, since the perpetrator conveys information about the murder through non-verbal communication. Romero uses the Marxist class conflict for narrative exploration based on personal experience. Instances of inequality and population grouping according to their minority affiliation determine the struggle for reputational and material resources.
Each of the three sources explains social perception and the role of a person in the global community. Their common feature is the existence of an invisible division, which still determines society’s vector of development. However, individuals must learn to perceive the environment as interrelated dimensions regardless of their cultural status. For example, one of the pieces of evidence McIntyre used to address Washington’s case is the common danger in the south of Chicago. However, it is not an excuse for murder and rape but rather a social stereotype and class distinction. In this way, each author has provided compelling evidence for social stratification and people’s inability to reject them through critical thinking.
Mills, C. Wright. The Sociological Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press, 1959