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Specialty Choice Analysis: Urology


The choice of a medical specialty is a crucial step that requires certain responsibility, knowledge, and assessment. It is not enough to know the definitions or qualities that professionals should develop. A reasonable choice includes clear definitions, equipment discussions, the description of procedures, and the work of physicians. In this paper, urology will be analyzed as a branch of medicine to be chosen as a future specialty and a significant contribution to healthcare services.

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Urology as a medicine branch

An understanding of urology as a medical specialty continues to develop. Several decades ago, urologists were involved in using urine as a therapeutic method, and modern urologists can improve their potential and enlarge their services to nephrectomy, vasectomy, and cystoscopy. Today, urology is known as genitourinary surgery that provides male and female patients with surgical and medical procedures. The purpose of urologists is to improve the quality of work of the urinary tract and reproductive systems. The urinary system in men and women is represented by a bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys. People with such problems as prostatitis, bladder/prostate cancer, erectile dysfunction, and urinary tract infections (UTIs) address urologists and expect the best equipment and procedures to be offered.


Depending on the procedures, urologists have to understand that the choice of instruments determines the quality of care and the level of comfort that a client experiences. In the majority of cases, speculums, dilators, and sounds are used to examine women and check the condition of the vaginal cavity. Claps may be of different types, including vascular, circumcision, and urethral, depending on the area of assessment. Forceps, scissors, and needles are necessary to complete a biopsy or remove substances. Innovations in the field of urology play an important role, and doctors have such instruments as ultrasound scanners, endoscopes, and catheters to observe the condition of internal organs. Three-dimensional printing aims at translating images into replicas to improve preoperative counseling and create effective surgical simulations. Despite the choice of an instrument, it is important to follow sterilization issues and storage conditions.

Common Procedures

The most common procedures urologists perform are vasectomy, nephrolithotomy, urinary incontinence treatments.


Circumcision is the surgery that removes the foreskin from the human penis. It is practiced by many nations due to their religious or cultural standards. Circumcision can also be a matter of family tradition, personal hygiene, or preventive health care. The procedure involves the use of clamps, scalpels, and forceps. The use of anesthesia varies depending on the patient’s age. The surgery effectively reduces the potential risk of urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections as well as decreases the probability of penile cancer.


Vasectomy is a surgery that involves cutting the vas deferens of the patient in order to prevent unwanted pregnancy. It is a form of permanent contraception that promotes birth control. A single puncture through the patient’s scrotum is done by a surgeon in order to sever the vas deferens of the patient. The surgery takes between 15 and 30 minutes and is characterized by a short and painless recovery. Surgeons use ringed clamps, forceps, scissors, and clips to finish a procedure.


Kidney stones introduce one of the common reasons for patients to address for urological help. Sound waves break up stones if there are no restrictions or adverse effects for the patient. Nephrolithotomy also removes kidney stones surgically with a small cut on the patient’s back to reach the necessary area and pluck the substance. 3D-printed models are used in complex cases to obtain a clear explanation of the condition.

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Urinary incontinence treatment

Vaginal sling procedures are types of surgeries that help control stress urinary incontinence. This is urine leakage that happens when you laugh, cough, sneeze, lift things, or exercise. The procedure helps close your urethra and bladder neck. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside. The bladder neck is the part of the bladder that connects to the urethra.


Today, millions of people around the globe are in need of high-quality urological services. A certified urologist could work with men, women, and children and provide either counseling, neurological, therapeutic, or surgical help. To be a urologist is not only to be an expert in the problems related to urinary tract infections and reproduction challenges. In general, urology is a specialty that includes the treatment of multiple disorders among women, men, and children. Specialists in this field have to demonstrate their knowledge and skills and understand the needs of their clients. Urological education contains a number of subjects and clinical aspects, like equipment, diseases, and procedures. Urologists contribute to public health in many ways, and the evaluation of their work is always a good start for a professional medical assistant.

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