The model that perfectly fits the objectives is team nursing. Within the framework of this model, healthcare professionals are divided into groups so as to provide care on a number of different levels at the same time (for example, acute care, nurse practitioners, inpatient setting professionals, and many others). Even though this model is relatively old (first, it came out in the 1950s), it is quite relevant within the modern healthcare environment. During the mid-1950s, the team nursing model served as an instrument intended to mitigate nurse shortages that occurred due to World War II (Baillie & Black, 2015).
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There are three key advantages that are characteristic of this type of nursing model. First of all, every member of the team contributes to the treatment process and brings something important. This allows the administration to organize all the working shifts in accordance with the needs of the patients and the skills of the available nurses.
Second, the strong sides of each nurse are used to improve patient outcomes and facilitate the nurse leader’s practice. This approach allows the team to provide individualized care (Wheeler, 2012). The latter is categorically important because it improves the level of patient satisfaction as well.
The third advantage of team nursing is the comprehensive nature of care and an integrated approach to decision-making.
Nonetheless, there are also disadvantages that are typical of the team nursing model. At all times, the nurse has to be held liable for the duties of each and every team member. Therefore, nurses may lose time while dealing with someone else’s tasks.
Second, the patient’s needs have to be aligned with the staff – this may be rather challenging (Baillie & Black, 2015).
The last disadvantage of this model virtually extends the previous one as it revolves around patient-centered care. On a long-term scale, it may adversely impact the team.
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Baillie, L., & Black, S. (2015). Professional values in nursing. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Wheeler, H. (2012). Law, ethics and professional issues for nursing: A reflective and portfolio-building approach. Milton Park, UK: Routledge.