For any communication to occur in a network, an IP suite is essential in ensuring communication. The most renowned IP suite is TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), a collection of protocols used in interconnecting diverse networking devices, either other computers or various networks, via the internet. The TCP/IP may be applied as a protocol for networking private computers. The connectivity can either be an intranet or an extranet connection. A TCP/IP is a collection of procedures that have rules that help govern the whole IP suite (Mejías et al., 2017). These two protocols are the most well-known protocols on the suite; others are included, although they are not as renowned as these two. The protocol acts as an abstraction layer between the internet application and the routing fabric.
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The protocol is often unique to how data is changed from one end to another over the internet, recognizing how data is separated to form packets, handled, dispersed, routed, and ends up in the final destination (Mejías et al., 2017). The protocol only needs minimal management and is designed to have a stable network by allowing for automatic recovery from any computer on the web.
There are two main protocols in the IP suite and each one has a particular purpose. TCP can specify how an application through a network has been formed for the communication channel. TCP/IP manages the breaking of messages before they are sent over the internet. When the packets arrive at the destination address, they are reassembled to form a correct message (Mejías, 2017). The IP determines how each packet is routed by ensuring that it arrives at the intended endpoint. Every device gateway keenly checks this address. The gateway decides where the message is being forwarded on the network. The network has a subnet mask that informs the computer or other networks about the network’s address and which part represents the host.
Mejías, A.; Herrera, R.S.; Márquez, M.A.; Calderón, A.J.; González, I.; Andújar, J.M. (2017) Easy handling of sensors and actuators over TCP/IP networks by open source hardware/software. Sensors , 17(1). Web.