Smart Growth refers to the leading systems of urban planning, which employ such critical objectives as transportation facilitation, ecology-friendly land use, and realization of sustainable regional development.
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In this work, the overview of the collaborative principle, which encourages common work between the citizens and stakeholders, is provided. The efficiency of the principle is proved by the illustration of two practical examples and the Smart Growth project overview.
The fundamental aim of the collaborative principle encompasses the creation of livable space in low-income, industrial, and detached urban areas. According to the regulation, the strategies of development are defined by the needs of the community, which resides in the district. Specifically, if the major concern that exists in the region refers to the poor quality of air, the citizens would require safe transportation choices; if the region is characterized by economic disinvestment, the residents would need new housing alternatives, etc.
The case of the Barrio Logan district, which is situated in San Diego, California, provides an exemplification of community collaboration in the conditions of industrial development. The district, which has long been hindered in healthy ecological development, gathered the collaborative community so that to reinvent the process of amenities and housing principles.
The renovation embraced a range of Smart Growth principles such as creating housing options (the Metro Area Community launched construction of a new Mercado building); preserving open space environmental areas (the first projection, which was launched by the stakeholders, was a development of Chicano Park). Finally, the community took up extensive mixed land use, which resulted in the creation of multiple public services, community and child care centers, etc.
The encouragement of community collaboration in East Russell Partnership, Kentucky, represents one more example of the Smart Growth goal. The common empowerment started with the renovation of the financial positioning of the district.
Thus, the high rates of unemployment, homelessness, and impoverishments, which are typical for Afro-American districts, hindered a civil development of the area. The residents of the area connected to the improvement of the business sphere. The tendency increased work options for the citizens. Consequently, the community managed to revitalize East Russell Partnership by means of mixed land use, the improvement of apartment infrastructure, and transportation choices.
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The principle of collaboration encouragement defines a variety of modern Smart Growth projects. Specifically, the Uptown Normal Roundabout approach, which has recently been developed by the initiative platform, stirred the attention of multiple urban residents. The project revealed that it is possible to redefine space distribution for business facilitation and green areas improvement.
The citizens contributed to the smart establishment of merchant centers, which employed the aim of increasing the rates of financial growth in the region. Secondly, the community transformed the network of transportation facilities by launching roundabout transport designs. The newly established space of transport distribution opened up a new area for community activities.
This tendency contributed to the eventual restoration of social life in the form of open space gatherings. Therefore, the stimulation of technical improvement in urban district provoked the spiritual changes within the community, which encouraged further changes.
Therefore, the practical case studies demonstrate that the Smart Growth program contributes to the intelligent facilitation of living space areas. The geographical distribution improvements, which are supported by community and stakeholders empowerment, disclose innovative housing and transportation alternatives, which enhance the level of social life (Getis and Bjelland Introduction to Geography 12).
Getis, Arthur, and Mark Bjelland. Introduction to Geography. 14th ed. 2013. New York: McGraw-Hill. Print.