Cancer: Steps of the Implementation Plan | Free Essay Example

Cancer: Steps of the Implementation Plan

Words: 564
Topic: Health & Medicine
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Introduction

An implementation plan is one of the most important aspects of medical intervention. It is necessary to determine and develop comprehensive and multifaceted strategies that address existing challenges. Such a plan is made up of several steps that describe the major aspects of a medical program. The main goal of this paper is to outline three steps of an implementation plan for the medical intervention that will help to increase the quality of life of cancer patients at later stages.

Steps

The first step of this implementation plan is to engage all the required personnel. Various clinicians might be involved in medical interventions for patients with cancer (“Health professionals,” 2014). A case manager is a specialist who supervises the patient’s care via diagnosis and treatment. This is usually a cancer nurse. The main responsibility of a case manager is to control and guide the patient’s care. For example, this specialist can answer the patient’s questions, assist in issues related to health insurance, or help to find required resources. Another important member of a cancer treatment team is a dietitian. Other specialists should include a medical oncologist, anesthesiologist, endocrinologist, and palliative care professionals.

The next step is to execute the implementation in accordance with the plan. There are several basic aspects of effective care for cancer patients. First, it is necessary to provide comfort (Wiener, Weaver, Bell, & Sansom-Daly, 2015). Caregivers should establish a comfortable and peaceful environment for seriously ill people. For example, the use of special mattresses and overlays can significantly improve conditions in which a person receives care. Also, massage might be very soothing as it enhances blood circulation. In addition, creams and lotions alleviate dry skin. The next important aspect is mitigating suffering. Cancer patients often endure severe pain. Although the type of pain depends on the type of cancer, there are many ways to ease such symptoms. Specialists in palliative care can offer effective strategies for relief. Also, many patients with cancer might need urgent help. Therefore, it is necessary to establish 24-hour supervision. Such patients need to know who they can call in case of an emergency. However, it is important to control that caregivers are not overwhelmed by the patient’s needs.

The final step of the implementation plan is the evaluation of the efforts that have been made. The main goals of this step are to determine whether everything that was planned was done and whether the accomplishments meet the expectations (“Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices,” n.d.). The evaluation of medical intervention involves identifying outcomes of interest, selecting indicators that allow measuring such outcomes, collecting all necessary data, and the interpretation of results in order to determine the effectiveness of the intervention. This step is also important to decide which aspects of the program should be improved. Hence, there are two types of evaluation. The first type is focused on a process and assesses whether the intervention was provided as intended. The second type is necessary to determine whether the program helped to reach the goals that have been established.

Conclusion

In conclusion, cancer patients at later stages require specific medical care. The described implementation plan is aimed at easing symptoms and establishing a comfortable environment for such patients. The plan involves three major steps: personnel engagement, execution, and assessment. Therefore, it ensures the implementation of the main strategies of medical intervention and the evaluation of its effectiveness.

References

Health professionals associated with cancer care. (2014). Web.

Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices. (n.d.). Web.

Wiener, L., Weaver, M. S., Bell, C. J., & Sansom-Daly, U. M. (2015). Threading the cloak: Palliative care education for care providers of adolescents and young adults with cancer. Clinical Oncology in Adolescents and Young Adults, 5, 1-18.