How Can Climate Change Potentially Impact Global Public Health?
While seemingly tenuous, the connection between climate change and health challenges is, in fact, rather strong. Climate change is likely to lead to the destruction of a range of habitats, drop in the amount of drinkable water, the rise in air pollution, reduction in the amount of food, etc. Consequently, the necessity to address the specified issues arises. The effects of carbon monoxide as one of the most common pollutants are especially disastrous since they also cause a sharp drop in immune system resilience levels (Levy, 2015). The development of cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), etc., becomes highly possible in developed countries, while developing ones suffer from poverty and lack of resources caused by climate change (Akhtar & Palagiano, 2017). Furthermore, the hindrances created by changes in the environment affect the efficacy of disease prevention techniques and programs (Akhtar & Palagiano, 2017).
How Do International Health Care Organizations Intervene to Improve Global Health Outcomes?
Organizations such as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the World Health Organization (WHO), etc., make strong efforts to prevent new health issues and address current ones (CDC, 2014; WHO, 2018). Programs aimed at raising awareness and introducing preventive measures have been developed. For example, the “two diseases, one patient” (Nies & McEwen, 2014, p. 274) approach created by WHO helps reduce the risks of HIV contraction in vulnerable communities in Africa (Rhee et al., 2015).
Furthermore, research aimed at creating new tools for managing the existing health issues has been taking place in WHO, CDC, and a range of similar organizations (Nies & McEwen, 2014). Studies have been conducted to explore the effects that available solutions will have on the current state of public health and its future prospects. Global organizations research the issues associated with immunization, suggest tools for preventing bioterrorism, and develop new medications that are bound to resolve some of the contemporary health concerns (Nies & McEwen, 2014). Thus, global organizations contribute massively to the overall improvement in health outcomes in the context of the unceasing climate change.
How Does the SDG’s Support Improve Global Health Outcomes?
The work of the Sustainable Development Goals Group allows improving the issues that are presently posing a huge threat to people’s well-being all over the world. Particularly, the organization seeks to enforce the programs for reducing the levels of poverty and hunger among impoverished communities, improving the quality of education, encouraging gender equality, enhancing the economic growth and the efficacy of infrastructure, and an enhanced system of healthcare service delivery (WHO, 2015). SDG, therefore, aims at reinventing the current healthcare system to make it available to all populations. Furthermore, the access to health services for vulnerable demographics is viewed as the issue of top priority at SDG. Thus, the organization strives to raise public awareness and encourage people to make changes in order to address some of the current health concerns, especially the ones associated with the lack of education and health literacy.
What Are Some of the Other 12 Social Determinants of Health That Impact Public Health Outcomes?
Disability is often regarded as one of the primary social determinants of health that are likely to affect the well-being of a specific population. Indeed, because of the lack of opportunities for people with disabilities in the contemporary environment, the specified population is likely to experience significant obstacles in managing their health (WHO, 2017). Furthermore, employment opportunities can be deemed as one of the factors that are likely to affect one’s access to healthcare services. Indeed, without a decent salary and appropriate health insurance, one will be unable to address their health problems successfully. The specified issues are likely to define public health outcomes to a considerable degree.
Akhtar, R., & Palagiano, C. (2017). Climate change and air pollution: The impact on human health in developed and developing countries. New York, NY: Springer.
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Nies, M. A., & McEwen, M. (2014). Community/public health nursing: Promoting the health of populations. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Rhee, S. Y., Blanco, J. L., Jordan, M. R., Taylor, J., Lemey, P., Varghese, V.,… Albert, J. (2015). Geographic and temporal trends in the molecular epidemiology and genetic mechanisms of transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance: An individual-patient-and sequence-level meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine, 12(4), e1001810. Web.
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WHO. (2017). Social determinants of health. Web.
WHO. (2018). Mission statement. Web.