Congestion is the state of overcrowding in a street or other area, making movement slow or difficult. Urban setting is the structure of an urban city that may or may not effectively use its facilities, depending on the strategies laid down by its planners. Public infrastructure is a general term often qualified as; aviation infrastructure, critical infrastructure (assets required to sustain human life), energy infrastructure, information and communication, transport, etc, in general public infrastructure describes infrastructure that is owned by the public or is for public use(Lomax, 1997). Private infrastructure is operated solely for a single organization whether managed internally or by a third party and hosted internally. A problem is a difficult situation that needs to be solved.
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Possible Changes to Urban Setting Public Infrastructure
One of the challenges of planning is the arrangement of the housing blocks in the maximum density possible without compromising transport efficiency. Urban planning is especially important due to land constraint and its density. Long term strategic plans as wells as detailed local area plans should be prepared and then used to coordinate and guide efforts to bring this plans into reality. High rise buildings should be created to accommodate the growing population in the urban areas.
Decentralization of facilities and services can also reduce the growing population in urban areas, by decentralization we mean those facilities that are commonly found in urban settings are also taken to the rural areas where they can be accessed easily by other people to curb the movement of people to course congestion.
As land is scarce, in what is the most densely populated urban, it should be maximized efficiently yet comfortably and to serve as many people as possible for a particular function. Land reclamation has continued to be used extensively in urban planning. Urban planning relies on the effective use of public transport and other aspects of transport system. Railway line should be created to join the different districts without having to rely on road extensively. This also reduces strain on traffic and pollution while saving space (Saunders, 2006).
Measurement used to prove the change was successful
New road construction
Off street parking should be provided in special facility that ideally has sufficient capacity at access points to prevent queues forming. Roads should be expanded to accommodate many vehicles.
New and upgraded rail lines
New stations are principally introduced to increase the number of journeys made by rail. However, opening new rails primarily reduce car traffic and also encourage economic growth. Light rail schemes have generally improved public transport in terms of widening the choice and improving the quality of public transport.
Average time of travelling from one destination to another should be increased; time lost due to congestion should be greatly reduced (Macário, 2011).
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Congestion in urban leads to the decrease in speed of how services are offered. For instance, in the transportation sector, there is always congestion that leads to overlapping of vehicles which can consequently cause accidents. We also find that a lot of services are offered in urban centre but with diversification the same services can be offered in rural areas leading to reduced population in urban centre. Reclamation of land can be used to build houses that can be used to accommodate the growing population. Encouragement and expansation of rails will also reduce congestion on roads.
Lomax. T.J. (1997). Quantifying congestion, Issue 398, Volume 1 Volume 398 of Report (National Cooperative Highway Research Program) Quantifying Congestion, Texas Transportation Institute.
Macário, R. (2011). Managing Urban Mobility Systems. New York: Emerald Group Publishing.
Saunders, S.W. (2006). Urban planning today: a Harvard design magazine reader Volume 3 of Harvard design magazine readers Harvard Design Magazine. Minnesota: U of Minnesota Press.