Acids are substances that can give off hydrogen ions, and bases are substances that can accept these ions. The acid-base balance is an important parameter that is maintained in the human blood within certain limits. This is necessary for the normal functioning of various body systems, biochemical reactions, and the optimal functioning of enzymes. Acids are substances that can give off hydrogen ions, and bases are substances that attach these ions. There are many diseases associated with a violation of the acid-base balance in the blood; one of these diseases is respiratory acidosis.
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Respiratory acidosis develops due to the accumulation of a large amount of carbon dioxide in the blood, which combines with water to form carbon dioxide. This causes an increase in the acidity of the blood. This condition can develop with respiratory disorders that cause a decrease in pulmonary ventilation (Patel and Sharma, 2021). Symptoms include lethargy, trembling, and confusion. A patient who feels slightly tired, sweating profusely, and anxiety should pay attention and visit a doctor.
The treatment involves the patient being on the artificial lung ventilation device. In addition, it is necessary to eliminate the accumulated sputum from the lungs. It is also necessary to eliminate the cause of the appearance of excess acid in the body to avoid relapse. The question that I would like to study in more detail is what preventive measures should be taken to prevent the appearance of excess acids in the body.
Patel, S. & Sharma, S. (2021). Respiratory Acidosis. StatPearls.