Expert Systems in Organizational Management

Interpretation systems are used in the human resource department of an organisation. They are used by the personnel such as security guards to watch the camera surveillance and by the managers in fingerprint, eyesight, and speech recognition as security to their office premises. Interpretation systems are also used in the construction of computerised weather forecasting equipment in the meteorological department to interpret the dynamics of weather patterns.

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Prediction systems used in the finance systems to forecast fiscal risk levels in the banks to enable account issuers to take precautionary measures when necessary to decrease probable financial losses. The prediction systems are equally used in the marketing strategy of a firm to forecast and propel positive future outcomes of a product by using advanced technology in advertisement (Pentland, 2011).

Diagnostic systems are used in the production sector. They are especially used in the medical fields in technological diagnosis of ailments. They are used in the construction of hospital equipment such as the ultrasound, radiation, and life support equipment. Diagnostic systems are equally used in the accounting fields to diagnose the causes of bad debts irregularities in a firm.

Design systems are used in the production field to manufacture backup equipment to be utilised in the computer systems in a firm. They produce software applications that curb the problems that result to computer breakdowns. The design systems are also used in the accounting department to assist in correct the constraints that occur by defaulters and bad debts in the firm (McMahon, 1990).

Planning systems are utilised in the financial planning in banks and thrift institutions in the money and capital markets. They aid in default management in the financial institutions. Planning systems are also used by the human resource management of an organisation to plan the number of personnel the company needs.

Monitoring systems are used in the production sector of an organisation. They are used in the air traffic control systems to observe the passageways for the aircrafts. The monitoring systems are also used in the financial sector to examine the levels of cash inflows and outflows in the financial institutions such as banks.

Debugging systems are used in the production fields to produce antivirus software applications that are used to protect the computers from viruses and bugs malfunctions. The debugging systems are also used in the accounting systems to curb fraud in the accounting departments (Friedman, Kahn and Borning, 2010).

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Repair systems are used in the financial systems to repair the financial damages that occur through defaulting. The repair systems equally are used in the production systems in the construction of the laser eye treatment equipment to correct eye defects in humans.

Instructions systems are used in the production sector to create user friendly devises in the education sector such as in e-learning tutorials for students. They are used in schools and other educational institutions to aid in conveying remedial knowledge to students. The instruction systems are also used in the marketing environment of a firm in computerised advertisement of the uses of a specific product by instructing and impacting knowledge and understanding of the product to the consumers.

Control systems are used by the human resource of a company to assist the personnel in the general management of the firm. Control systems are equally used in the finance fields of a financial institution such as banks to control financial risks and bankruptcy (Wallin and Frost, 2000).

References

Friedman, B., Kahn, PH and Borning, A 2010, Information Technology and Organizational Learning. Accounting, Management, and Information Technologies Today, vol. 25 no. 12, pp.1-21.

McMahon, RG 1990, A bibliography of expert systems in accounting, finance, and management, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide.

Pentland, BT 2011, Information systems and organizational learning: The social epistemology of organizational knowledge systems, Michigan State University Press, Michigan.

Wallin, JK and Frost, JM 2000, Developing expert systems for manufacturing: a case study approach, McGraw-Hill Publishers, New York.

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