Causal argument research paper
The subject for Paper #3 Causal Argument Research is female gender bias in college. Female gender bias in college is a current problem of the society that refers to the gender inequality issues in higher educational settings.
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Although women enrollment in college increased drastically over the last few decades, there are problems concerning female treatment at classes as well as gender-based academic performance (Buchmann 2320).
Vincent-Lancrin argues that despite women’s increasing engagement in college activities, gender inequalities may be observed in the choice of studies of men and women (274). Finally, a great deal of female bias is noted in college sports. The most significant issue refers to female participation in athletics (Edelman par. 5).
Gender inequality issues have been a topic of numerous discussions and arguments. A modern society is often referred to as society of equality. Many people claim that female bias is decreasing. Gender issues have been erased in some aspects of life while they remain or appear in other dimensions of society.
The problem of female bias in college is not new. It was raised for discussion in the previous century. However, the issue of female enrollment in college was the most urgent in the past century. Nowadays, other perspectives refer to female bias in college.
The distinguishing feature of the modern college education is the change in the male-female ratio of enrollment. According to data from National Center for Education Statistics, women received almost sixty percent of all bachelor’s degrees in 2003 (Buchman 2320). In case this trend remains the same, there will be fourteen females for every ten males in colleges by 2025 (Vincent-Lancrin 266).
Female bias in college may be displayed in several ways. The first way refers to gender inequalities in college classrooms. Numerous types of research show that teachers engage more male students than female ones to speak in classes. Also, a lot of teachers prefers making male students participate in advanced discussions (“Gender Issues in College Classroom” 1).
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The same study shows that girls are asked factual questions often while boys are asked abstract questions. However, the same study points out that the continuation and the level of participation in classroom activities depend on students’ ability to conduct discussions too. One can find other interesting facts about differences in male-female behaviors in classroom settings.
For instance, females are less likely to receive support from their peers when they violate some rules than males. Also, girls should study harder in comparison to boys to receive the same grades (“Gender Issues in College Classroom” 2-3).
Female students are influenced by the variety of college behaviors. Faculty members may treat women unfairly for several reasons. For instance, there are cases when girls have to interrupt attendance to college because of marriage or children. Because of these reasons, some teachers consider that girls do not treat studying seriously. Even more, some educators give women pieces of advice concerning ending of their academic progress. They motivate such behavior by claiming that girls will marry somebody sooner or later (Hall and Sandler 3).
As Hall and Sandler also write, “a woman student who “breaks down and cries” because of academic pressures is likely to be seen as “unstable”; however, a male student who, for the same reason, “goes out and gets drunk” is merely “blowing off steam”” (3). Such biased opinions still exist in colleges.
There is a substantial gap between women and men concerning the choice of field of study. Thus, the tendency is that women choose to study subjects that belong to health, social, or educational sector. On the contrary, men are more likely to study technologies, engineering, or sciences.
This choice also leads to better job opportunities in the future. Some people consider this that these decisions are motivated by different preferences and skills of women and men. However, some believe that the environment of the undergraduate institutions influences the selection of the field of study (Buchman 2322-2327).
Participation in college sports is the most controversial aspect nowadays. There are direct and open female biases in this area. For instance, Duke University pays almost ten million dollars annually to the coach of men’s basketball team. This university pays only eight hundred thousand dollars to the coach of women’s team (Edelman par. 5).
Such situations are typical for almost all colleges in the USA. This attitude is unacceptable in the modern society that promotes equality of genders. There is a need to address these issues adequately and eliminate any form of female bias in college.
Buchmann, Claudia. “Gender Inequalities in the Transition to College.” Teachers College Records 111.10 (2009): 2320-2346. Print.
Edelman, Marc. The Truth about Gender Equity in College Sports and the College Athletes’ Rights Movement. 2014. Web.
Gender Issues in College Classroom. n.d. PDF file.
Hall, Roberta, and Bernice Sandler. Out of the Classroom: a Chilly Campus Climate for Women? n.d. PDF file.
Vincent-Lancrin, Stephan. “The Reversal of Gender Inequalities in Higher Education.”
Higher Education to 2030, Demography. Ed. OECD. Paris, France: OECD Publishing, 2008. 265-298. Print.