International Realism, Pluralism and Structuralism


The historical roots of realism are from the writings of a Greek historian known as Thucydides who is regarded as the father of political realism. Realism is one of the three major conceptual frameworks that are employed in the study of international relations. Realism emphasizes the blocks on politics that are caused by human acts and the lack of a global governing body. It is based on various ideas.

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First, it emphasizes the fact that sovereign states are the key players in maintaining worldwide relations. It also emphasizes that the sovereignty of a nation should not be broken through interference from the outside nations. According to realism, it is the main task of the state to look after its self-interests. This implies that it should establish a strong defense to ensure that the state is secure. According to realism, the state is the highest source of authority. While trying to establish international relations, conflicts and anarchy arise and hence war is in most cases inevitable (Gunderson 56).


Pluralism does not only imply diversity. It refers to the act of engaging with multiplicity. Pluralism is also used to describe the act of trying to establish an understanding of the different lines of differences. Tolerance is a required virtue in pluralism but it does not define pluralism.


The term structuralism is best understood from the term structure. Without understanding the term, it is difficult to understand how structuralism operates. The term has often been used to refer to physical buildings. From this definition, therefore it is clear that structuralism refers to an effort to construct models that aid in understanding the resources at hand.

They are all the conceptual frameworks used to understand the international political economy. They are all methods used in social research in political science. There are institutional relations amongst the three aspects that govern the interpretation of the external forces and approaching all the ideologies in a manner that acknowledges the absolute acceptability. The underlying economic structure is vetted accordingly as per the approaches. Each approach gives the best notion of its performance and the techniques that should be used in the utilization of the realist motives. Since pluralism covers or utilizes multiplicity, it follows that the ideologies of the realist should also cut across a political, economical, and international divide.

The peasants have to have the three ideologies properly indicated to be used in any form of structure and economy. The international mandates are ideally based on realist objections coupled with pluralism and the structure. It has been indicated that the internationally acknowledged policies must have three approaches. These approaches when used together or blend, excellent qualities will be produced in the place of application. It’s important to note that rules are the perfect measure of attaining these approaches in totality.

Works Cited

Gunderson, Jessica. Realism. Mankato, Minn.: Creative Education, 2009. Print.

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"International Realism, Pluralism and Structuralism." StudyCorgi, 27 Jan. 2021,

1. StudyCorgi. "International Realism, Pluralism and Structuralism." January 27, 2021.


StudyCorgi. "International Realism, Pluralism and Structuralism." January 27, 2021.


StudyCorgi. 2021. "International Realism, Pluralism and Structuralism." January 27, 2021.


StudyCorgi. (2021) 'International Realism, Pluralism and Structuralism'. 27 January.

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