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Marijuana Addiction: A Sociological Perspective

There is more open help for marijuana law change than any other time in recent memory with surveys showing the greater part the nation is supportive of sanctioning marijuana. In the course of recent many years, activists and market entertainers have effectively changed marijuana utilization and dispersion in many US states (Caulkins & Kilmer, 2016). Marijuana use issues are frequently connected with reliance in which an individual feels withdrawal manifestations when not taking the medication. Individuals who use cannabis much of the time regularly report crabbiness, state of mind and rest troubles, diminished hunger, yearnings, anxiety, and different types of actual uneasiness that top inside the main week subsequent to stopping (Caulkins & Kilmer, 2016). Marijuana reliance happens when the mind adjusts to a lot of the medication by lessening creation of and affectability to its own endocannabinoid synapses. In sociology, cocaine addiction is described from very different theories such as Conflict and Social Interactionism theories.

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From the perspective on the Conflict theory, drug use in poor metropolitan zones results from the neediness, racial imbalance, and different conditions influencing individuals in these areas. Racial and ethnic bias and imbalance help decide why a few medications are illicit just as the lawful punishments for these medications. The enormous worldwide companies that market and sell liquor, tobacco, and other legitimate medications assume an incredible part in the prevalence of these medications and anteroom Congress to limit guideline of these medications. Racial and ethnic bias assumed a significant part in why marijuana in the nineteenth century got unlawful: bias against Chinese workers for opium, bias against African Americans for cocaine, and bias against Mexican Americans for weed. Conflict Theory stresses the immense impact that global enterprises have in the advertising and offer of the legitimate medications, for example, for sporting purposes.

Lindesmith influentially contended that to comprehend enslavement it is key to think about addicts’ emotional view of medications, drug impacts, and their more extensive public activities. Lindesmith noticed that clients who obtained cannabis on the road were frequently helpless against addictive examples of utilization, yet the individuals who had been regulated narcotics in medical clinic settings were not all that powerless (Shelby, 2016). He clarified this by recommending that while both clinic and road clients experience physiological withdrawal side endless supply of utilization, just road clients become intentionally mindful of the way that the wellspring of their trouble lies in their weed hardship.

Symbolic interactionism sees social issues as emerging from the association of people. Social bonds to families and schools likewise have an effect (Shelby, 2016). Youths with powerless bonds to their families and schools, as estimated by such factors as the closeness they feel to their folks and instructors, are bound to utilize medications of different sorts than teenagers with more grounded bonds to their families and schools. Their more fragile bonds brief them to be less inclined to acknowledge ordinary standards and bound to utilize tranquilizes and take part in other delinquent conduct. Concerning interaction, sociologists underline that peer influences extraordinarily impact one’s probability of utilizing liquor, tobacco, and a large group of different medications. To the degree that social disparity, social communication, and a medication culture matter for drug use, sociologists say, it is a misstep to see most medication use as originating from a person’s natural or mental issues.

In conclusion, the wide legalization of marijuana is likely to pose many issues to the health of the general public. It is proven to cause addiction in a prolonged use of this substance. From the conflict theory, marijuana dependence is the result of the inequality in socioeconomic status and racism problems in the country. Furthermore, social interactionism suggests that the weak social bonds tend to be the common variable among cocaine-dependent patients. Lindesmith emphasizes that human perceptions about buying legal versus illegal drug can affect the level of addiction.


Caulkins, J. P., & Kilmer, B. (2016). The US as an example of how not to legalize marijuana? Addiction, 111(12), 2095–2096.

Shelby, C. L. (2016). The Culture of Addiction. Addiction, 79–100.

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