Obesity has become one of the most significant health problems of the modern age. According to statistics, more than 1 in 3 adults are considered overweight (Ferrer, Cruz, Burge, Bayles, & Castilla, 2014). For this reason, different approaches to solve the problem are suggested. Lifestyle intervention is one of these as it contributes to the positive final results and helps patients to engage in the healthy mode of life. However, there are different perspectives on the effect lifestyle intervention has on people in short and long term perspectives as well as its role in the reduction of the fat mass. Abulmeaty (2016) in his article poses a question about the multimodal-lifestyle intervention and its impact on the state of a patients health.
The significance of the study comes from the fact that today alteration of the mode of life is considered one of the most efficient approaches that are used to struggle against obesity (Abulmeaty, 2016). However, there are still different perspectives on the effect it might have on a person. For this reason, the main purpose of the article is to determine the effectiveness of the multimodal-lifestyle intervention in reduction of fat mass together with preservation of fat free mass (Abulmeaty, 2016). The author investigates the problem by trying to analyze patients results and to determine the outcomes of the multimodal-lifestyle intervention. The aim of the research is closely related to the existing health problem and provides another perspective on ways to treat obesity.
To conduct the study and obtain credible results, the author uses data collected from 99 adult male subjects suffering from obesity (Abulmeaty, 2016). All participants were educated about healthy diet, behavioral changes, and a positive impact physical activity has on the state of the health (Abulmeaty, 2016). Resting on the character of the research, the subjects participation was voluntary. Moreover, their informed consent was needed to go through all formalities. The author does not identify dependent and independent variables directly; however, one could easily determine them by his/her own. Furthermore, the data collection is organized by means of bioelectric impedance analysis.
The information about the alteration of BMI, fat loss, and fat free mass is reported and collected during 1 year (Abulmeaty, 2016). This data collection method is chosen because of its advantageous character. It provides the researcher with an opportunity to obtain the credible data and monitor the slightest alterations in patients states. The chosen period of time (12 months) guarantees that the multimodal-lifestyle interventions effect will be investigated from different perspectives and improved results will be obtained. All participants of the study are obliged to provide data related to alterations in their state and record it for the investigator to be able to make a certain conclusion. Abulmeaty (2016) does not use any additional measures to avoid biased results or other mistakes; however, the procedure of the data collection and its processing seems efficient enough.
Processing the results of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that multimodal-lifestyle intervention might be called efficient in loss of fat mass rather than a reduction of the total body weight together with preservation of the lean body mass (Abulmeaty, 2016). Additionally, significant changes in the end if to compare with the beginning of the study were admitted. The given findings could be considered valid as they reflect the reality and demonstrate real alterations that occur in case the multimodal-lifestyle intervention is used. The relevance of the study is also proven by other research works in the given sphere which demonstrate the great positive impact the above-mentioned approach has on patients suffering from obesity (Ferrer et al., 2014).
The giving research also has specific limitations that come from its nature. For instance, the number of participants is too small to conclude about the general tendency. Moreover, exterior factors were not excluded from the list which means that final results could be impacted by a number of additional interventions. However, they still remain relevant, and the further research could be used to continue the investigation of the issue and provide new data related to the impact the chosen intervention might have on patients. As for the nursing practice, the results turn out to be extremely important. People suffering from obesity could use the suggested approach and enjoy the positive outcomes that are guaranteed by the given method.
Nevertheless, the issue touched upon in the paper could be considered ethical one. The health of a person as well as his/her appearance and mode of life are extremely intimate issues. For this reason, it could be rather difficult to revolve around all questions related to it (Burns & Grove, 2011). The same deals for the given investigation. The ethical character of the study introduces several specific demands. First of all, it is crucial to protect patients privacy and guarantee that respondents feelings will not be hurt. That is why the author uses a specific study design that excludes private information disclosure and guarantees that all patients will be able to remain anonymous. Moreover, data collection methods chosen by the researcher contribute to the increased credibility of findings and assure that results could be used in next investigations.
However, it is also crucial to admit the fact that the author does not touch upon the ethical side of the problem. In his research, Abulmeaty (2016) is more interested in the clinical aspect of obesity and measures that could be used to struggle against this problem. For this reason, he uses a specific methodology that could be considered comprehensive and appropriate. At the same time, providing his cogitations about the positive effect of the multimodal-lifestyle intervention, Abulmeaty forgets about the ethical significance of the problem, and it could be considered a drawback of the paper. Researchers state that obesity is both health and ethical problem as the quality of a persons life alters significantly (Ferrer et al., 2014). For this reason, a research paper that delves into the problem of obesity should not completely disregard this aspect.
Altogether, the importance of the paper is undeniable. The author touches upon the important health problem that becomes extremely topical nowadays. His investigation of the effect multimodal-lifestyle intervention could have on a person should obviously be used in nursing practice as these specialists face the problem almost every day. Patients experiencing obesity should be educated about the alterations in the lifestyle that are needed for them to become healthy. For this reason, the information about the above-mentioned approach could help them to improve the state of their health significantly. Finally, the information provided by the investigator contributes to the improved understanding of the problem and could be used to achieve better outcomes or to continue the investigation of the issue.
Abulmeaty, M. M. (2016). Multimodal-lifestyle intervention produces reduction of the fat mass rather than body weight loss in men with obesity: A prospective cohort study. Nutrition Clinique Et Metabolisme, 30(2), 163-171. Web.
Burns, N., & Grove, S. (2011). Understanding nursing research. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Ferrer, R., Cruz, I., Burge, S., Bayles, B., & Castilla, M. (2014). Measuring capability for healthy diet and physical activity. Annals Of Family Medicine, 12(1), 46-56. Web.