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Patient-Centered Individual Approach: Treatment and Teaching Plan

Determining Approach to Care

Helping to cope with a serious illness is impossible without choosing an individual approach to each patient. That is why the foundation of care for Mr. P is a patient-centered approach, which is beneficial for selecting the most appropriate model of communication, treatment, and education. However, it is essential to note that because of the patient’s emotional condition, he is in need of more than just physical help. Mr. P requires the treatment of mind and soul as well because of his despondency. That is why, in order to treat him, a holistic approach to care is the most acceptable one. According to this care model, the patient should be viewed as the whole, and specific attention should be paid to emotional wellbeing. Even though it is intricate enough, the rationale for choosing it is the fact that this approach is the one to make the patient feel better emotionally, thus convincing him of the necessity to maintain dieting and pharmacy plans and potentially coping with physical problems (Klebanoff, 2013).

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Designing a Treatment Plan

To help Mr. P, designing a treatment plan is critical. Among the primary challenges, there are failing to maintain diet restrictions and polypharmacy recommendations, cardiomyopathy, and congestive heart failure. The treatment plan should include such aspects as treatment goals, interventions, and progress. As for now, there is one treatment goal – to assure that Mr. P follows dietary recommendations and pharmacy prescriptions because it is the basis for the improvement of the overall condition. As for the interventions, they will include such steps as designing a dieting plan, providing the patient with fundamental facts regarding the criticality of nutrition and medicines, and monitoring success. Automated reminders for taking medicines are advisable. As for the progress part, it comes down to some clinical follow-up assessments such as body weight, blood pressure, respiration, and pulse patterns. Moreover, telephone follow-up is as well beneficial to make sure that Mr. P does not ignore any recommendations (Amakali, 2015).

Educating Patient and His Family

Educating the patient and his family is the most significant step in treating Mr. P. It is critical because of the patient’s emotional state, difficulties in maintaining dieting and polypharmacy, and his wife’s sadness over Mr. P’s health. In order to educate both patients, audiovisual resources are chosen. The rationale for selecting this method is their potential effects due to the ability to replay materials as well as a visual representation of the mentioned facts. It is believed that if Mr. P sees the potential consequences of ignoring dietary and pharmacy plans, he would be more responsible in the following recommendations. In addition, written material, such as dietary modifications and clear polypharmacy plan, would also be helpful because Mr. P might ignore them due to the lack of understanding.

Designing a Teaching Plan

The teaching plan should focus on both Mr. P and his wife. As for Mr. P, it is crucial to educate him on the criticality of medicine management and dietary plan, seeing his doctor regularly, and becoming less despondent. Also, it is recommended to consult him on acceptable exercises such as walks in the open air. As for Mrs. P, she should be taught to control her negative emotions because they add to her husband’s depressive mood. In addition, it is essential to make her realize that she should be supportive and sensitive to his needs (for instance, follow the same dietary recommendations and take walks with him) as well as help Mr. P to manage his treatment plan and watch/read teaching materials together.


Amakali, K. (2015). Clinical care for the patient with heart failure: A nursing care perspective. Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 4(1), 142. Web.

Klebanoff, N. A. (2013). Holistic nursing: Focusing on the whole person. American Nurse Today, 8(10). Web.

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