Progress is a constant inevitable process of any civilization and it takes its own rhythm and patterns, developing and changing according to the people who provide its existence. The language of progress is a complex of evolutionary stages and flows which provides the development not only in industries. This language includes larger notions, like evolution as the development itself, progressive thinking, and the global work for the perspective of the countries, implemented in economy, politics and social aspects of life. For the countries, which are more influenced by European and Western cultures, the progress is a faster and smoother process, while for Latin America, progress is still acute and it has never been immediate due to a strong and powerful influence of the historical roots and the respectful attitude to the traditions of more ancient times of the continent.
Latin America has always been a place of the strong contrast between the rich and the poor. It is noteworthy that about 5 percent of the richest people in the world live here, but at the same time, the poor people are especially underprivileged, or “decamisado”, as they call them in Argentina. The main way to reduce this contrast is the reduction of such a broad level of inequality between those who have a considerable income and those who struggle for living, in many cases being the self-employed part of population (Ramírez-Alujas, and Dassen).
As it has already been mentioned, the main obstacle towards creating the language of progress in Latin America is the power of traditions. The continent, which has originally been presented by segmental colonies and states, lives mainly in agricultural industries and the level of self-employed uneducated citizens is rather high. The main program towards the elimination of the contrast in large countries like Brazil and Argentina is, first of all, the chance for education to differentiate between the qualified and non-qualified specialists. A larger number of qualified workers means the usage of larger financials from the economic system, but not from the small agricultural and self-created markets. The second important aspect of eliminating the contrast and adopting the language of progress is the program of governmental transfers. A lot of targeted programs have been created since the economic crisis of the 1980s, and now, due to such programs the authorities try to reduce the number of underqualified agricultural industries, subsidizing the small businesses and inner markets. It can help to increase the quality and quantity of the produced goods in order for them to be implemented in larger industries inside the countries and outwards. As a result, Latin America takes a stable considerable position on the level of the world macro economy and economic evolution (Meade, pp. 105-115, 145-150).
From the point of view of political progress, a certain kind of changes from the historical traditions to wider views can also be observed. Currently, Latin countries show more desire and power to get integrated in larger world communities. Thus, Brazil – the largest of them – presents the region in BRICS and strives for a position in the United Nations Security Council. It is also worth mentioning, that Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico are included into the Group of Twenty. Together with that, Latin America continues developing the inner politics. One can observe a constant flow of getting more independence from the influence of the USA and the development towards the democratization of the political system. It has been a historical tradition in politics that the system had a tendency for dictatorship. That is why the general civil prosperity has been always a concern for the authorities. Currently, the numerous distempers are changed to the democratic stability. The electoral way of choosing the government is widely-spread and well integrated into the political system. In terms of policies, Latin America is heading towards making a considerable competition on the global stage, trying to prove that its countries can be respectful and independent players (Petras and Veltmeyer, pp. 132-140).
Nevertheless, the current paper is to discuss and analyze the language of progress in groups, and according to the provided data, Brazil can become the vivid example of the notion. The progress in this country began at the end of the nineteenth century and was influenced much by the European evolution. The technologies were adopted by Brazil together with the imported goods. However, not only the industrial progress is of importance here, but also the social development and the long period of substitution some of the traditional patterns by the new ones. European tastes and worldviews were luxurious and fresh, which lead to restructuring of the worldviews inside Brazil. This change penetrated almost in every corner of the country and instead of peasants, one could see a respectful agricultural worker, using technologies and trying to construct the economic plan for prosperity. It was then traditional to show one’s belonging to transatlantic trade and higher incomes. Education also became an advantage and people used an opportunity to show their knowledge. At the same time, the exfoliation of society became more obvious at that very moment. On the other hand, the rise of Brazil in progress is still considered to have begun at the moment of building the railroad in the country. This is quite logical, as the language of progress cannot exist without the ability to communicate, and the railroad obviously connected the segregated parts of the country, then of the whole continent, on their way to democratization of society and elimination of the isolation of the countryside (Chasteen, pp. 106-120).
In Argentina, as the extracts describe, the situation is slightly different. Here, the level of belief in traditions is much higher, than in Brazil and it leads to rather a stagnant position of the developing country among others. They say that the reason for such stagnancy is the national identity of the population, which is much more implemented in the traditional worldview than it is needed. The customary national worldview does not presuppose fast progress, just because Latin countries struggled for creating this national identity for centuries, which was a hard process, due to having roots in several continents. That is why, the national identity and will for the independence of the custom worldview is so important for the Argentine citizens. Back in the end of the nineteenth century, when Brazil was heading towards the progress, Argentina was still struggling for traditions and identity, which was very important for its population. Progress came here much later, but nevertheless, currently, Argentina is preserving the way to evolution as strongly, as other central countries of the Latin continent. The differentiation between the rhythm of progress between Brazil and Argentina is still observed, but the progress does not stop in both countries (Chasteen, pp. 78-86, 98-101).
Overall, the language of progress, being a complex structure of evolutionary flows, is supposedly the only natural way to development in the countries, which need this development. In Latin America, the power of religious, traditional, and customary beliefs is still strong, but when the whole continent is heading towards progress, it seemingly leads to a successful and stable situation in its countries without any boundaries of the traditional national identity.
Chasteen, John Charles. Born in blood and fire, W.W. Norton, 2011.
Meade, Teresa A. History of Modern Latin America. Wiley Blackwell, 2016.
Petras, James F, and Henry Veltmeyer. What’s Left in Latin America?: Regime Change in New Times. Routledge, 2015.
Ramírez-Alujas, Álvaro, and Nicolás Dassen. “Winds of Change II: Progress and challenges in open government policy in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Felipe Herrera Library (Inter-American Development Bank), vol. 5, no. 2, 2016, pp. 15-20. Web.