West European Studies: Crises of Early Tudor Era

King Henry VIII’s reign came after the Antique social and political system when the Emperor of Western Rome was removed from power. During this time, various social changes had taken place. The Feudal and the manorialism systems were the ones in operation at the time. The feudal system was a…

The Genocide in Rwanda 1994

Introduction The genocide concept comprises two words, genes, a Greek word meaning tribe or race, and cide, a Latin word meaning the killing of pointed out by Polish Jurist Raphael Lemkin. According to the definition agreed upon on the United Nations Genocide Convention, the term means “Acts committed with intent…

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Progressive Era 1890-1920

Introduction The progressive era was a period of change experienced in America between the years 1890 and 1920. The industrial revolution that had preceded this period brought with it some negative impacts on the American population, such that leaders found it necessary to change the bad conditions that the Americans…

Economic Revolution: History and Theories

Introduction The history of the economic revolution has been traced by different authors from different periods in time. Some trace it in great Europe. The economic revolution is defined as the transition of modes of production from the hands of individuals. The change in the modes of production means a…

Weimar Republic Era in German History

First quotation “Lieutenant, if you dare to make the slightest fuss, I’ll pull your sword out of the sheath, break it in two, and send the pieces to your regimental commander. Do you understand me, you young fathead” (Schnitzler 10). The quotation comes from the novel Lieutenant Gustl written by…

The Sedition Act and the Crisis of 1798

Sedition Act The Federalists believed that the Sedition Act was going to temper political dissent that was equal to treason, in their opinion. Before the bill was passed, they were destroying Republican newspapers in a huge bonfire. They went on the offensive against any speech denouncing President John Adams and…

Slave Trade and Workforce in American History

The main problem which arose during the first half of the seventeenth century was the scarcity of laborers combined with the high demand for workforce. Later, when it was solved in part by maximizing the Atlantic slave trade, a whole range of issues emerged. They can be grouped into two…

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Islamic Empire and Ancient Greek Philosophy

The Islamic Empire grew at an unprecedented pace and covered several continents during several centuries. Different nations were brought under the rule of the Muslim ruler. Clearly, the huge empire needed to solve various issues related to bringing together all those people, spreading the necessary ideas and values, or even…

Crusades and Western Europe-Eurasia Relationship

The first Crusade has various effects on the development of the world. It gave significant stimuli to the development of trade and the interaction of cultures. Of course, it led to the development of prejudice and hostility as well. One of the most important consequences of the crusade was the…

Modernization in Post World War I Turkey and Iran

After World War I, the important and contradictory process of modernization of Middle Eastern countries could be observed. One of the most interesting examples is the political evolution of Iran, where the conservative clerical elite tried to conduct a technical modernization of the country. Another example is the complicated development…

Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Political Leadership

The political views of Gamal Abdel Nasser were initially complex and contradictory. On the one hand, he was interested in the idea of Western democracy, and in the solidarity and discipline of people, but ruled with the iron fist of a dictatorship on the other. Apart from that, he supported…

Colonialism and Slavery in American History

In the history of Western Civilization, the ideology for expansion to new lands is often referred to as “God…Gold and Glory” In your opinion….what were some of the reasons for colonization by the European countries and especially for the continent of North America? The history of Western Civilization cannot be…

Labor Unions and Their Rise Factors in the US

The active industrial development in the United States of the 19th century caused significant changes in the working conditions of many Americans. Even though the general social conditions were improved because of the economic growth and increases in wages, working Americans were still unprotected in their workplaces. Furthermore, the need…

The Great Depression: Limitations and Effects

What do Eleanor Roosevelt’s activities reveal about the limitations on women in the early twentieth century? Women had very limited opportunities in the labor market due to various restrictions. The general attitude was that women had to maintain the household and be openly available to men as they came home…

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The Strategic Defense Initiative of America

What are the negative strategic and political implications of SDI? Analyzing the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) launched by President Ronald Reagan on 23 March 1983, it can be stated that the mismatch between the ambitious objectives and the realization of the program resulted in negative strategic and political implications. For…

America’s Strategic Choices Through the History

What is the War Powers Act and why have U.S. Presidents ignored it? The War Powers Act, also known as the War Powers Resolution, was a law passed by Congress after the Vietnam War, over Presidential veto. The Act intended to encourage the Commander-in-Chief to consult Congress before deploying military…

Mongol Empire: the Largest Contiguous Land Empire

Introduction The Mongol empire was the hugest and the most influential empire in world history. During the 13th and 14th centuries, it became the largest contiguous land empire that covered a vast territory from Hungary to Korea. It started from Central China, westward into Central Europe, eastward into the Sea…

The History of Finland

Introduction After reading the above book I was able to learn a lot about Finland. The author discusses in detail every topic in the book. The author also uses layman’s language to put across facts about Finland. The following were some of the things I was able to learn from…

Apartheid in Australia’s New Guinea Colonies

This lecture is a basic study of the effects of Australian occupation as colonial masters in the African nation of New Guinea. The first section of the lecture explains the entire colonization history of New Guinea, outlining the fact that the country was under three regimes, which are Germany, Denmark…

Asian Studies: The Fujiwara Clan

By what means did the Fujiwara dominate court politics during the Heian period? The Fujiwara clan was started during the famous Asuka period and was one of the biggest and powerful families among four others which had a lot of influence on Japanese politics during the Heian period, between 794…

Labor Systems and the Colonial Labor Diaspora

It is evident that raw materials for industrial and domestic use in colonial heartlands were mostly found in the colonies. The items produced included rubber, cotton and palm oil. Similarly, minerals like tin, gold and diamonds were also exploited. In those times, the slaves used to perform all the duties….

The U.S. Civil War

A Review of Related Literature Was the South Claim of Right to Secession the Possible Cause of US Civil War? The election of Abraham Lincoln as Union President on November 6th prompted Southern Carolina Legislature, acting on instructions from Governor Gist, to pass a law inviting a convention of the…

Slavery and Civil War: American History

While some contemporary political discussion calls for a “color blind” society, other voices argue that race remains the central issue in American life and Slavery is the defining element in American history. How would you trace issues of race in America from the 17th through the 19th century? What organizing…

Human Knowledge of History

Introduction Our knowledge of history helps us realize its nature, inevitable ambiguity, and ultimate myth. Although history repeats itself, a person can’t expect something to happen in the future without a clear knowledge of what happened in the past. Human knowledge of history is something more than memorization. This explains…

History and Identity of Sweden

Sweden is one of the most developed and powerful countries with flourishing and advanced trade, economic, and communication systems. Its rich history and culture have long been building in the course of the last wars and invasions. This Scandinavian country emerged as the strongest and independent country in the Middle…

American Reconstruction and Civil Rights Movements

Impacts of Reconstruction After the end of the Civil War in 1865, American society embarked on a rigorous reconstruction program that aimed at bridging the gap between the blacks and the whites, who had engaged in several conflicts that were brought about by slavery and the slave trade. It was…

Racial Discrimination in The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

In this story, Douglass narrates the experiences he had as a slave before escaping to New York. He was born in slavery and remembered the name of his mother as Harriet Bailey. At a very tender age, he was able to realize that he was different from his White peers….

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Triangular Trade, Its Legs and Mechanism

Introduction The transatlantic triangular trade resulted in the forced migration of more than fifteen million people from Africa to the Western Hemisphere from the 15th century to the 19th century. In the 18th century, almost all European countries were involved in the trade. However, Britain later became a leader in…

Christopher Columbus: Voyage to Asia’s Discover Trade Routes

Executive Summary Christopher Columbus wants to attempt to find new trade routes to Asia by sailing westward. This desire is motivated by dangerous waters in the East, and the high cost of shipping. The goals of the expedition are to find new trade routes to Asia, to spread Christianity, and…

The Issue of Slavery and the State’s Rights

Slavery and the state’s rights have been an issue in certain states in the U.S. this has raised concerns of various institutions and organizations within the states in question. This paper seeks to find out whether the issue of slavery and the state’s rights were important in the secession process…

Ancient Mayans History

Conflicts The conflict between two archrivals, Tikal and Calakmul, can be explained through military, commercial and political perspectives. It is worth noting that Tikal was the first founded. Its historical development can be traced back to the Preclassic period. Its first king founded a new ruling house before the downfall…

Study of Folklore in Terms of Development and Evolution

Short Answers A systematic approach to the study of folklore Anthropological and psychoanalytic survivals provide systematic approaches in the study of folklore because they offer rich sources of evidence that substantially support modern cultures and traditions relative to ancient times. Both Anthropological and psychoanalytic survivals give a view of ancient…

Silla Peninsula: Historical Significance and Impact

What is the broad historical significance of Silla’s unification of the Korean peninsula? The early settlers of South Korea were organized into three tribes namely Pyonhan, Chinhan, Mahan. Chinhan was located central to the Peninsula while Mahan was southwest and Southeast for the Pyonhan kingdom. They were unified by the…

Heroes and Killers of 20th Century: Joseph Stalin

Introduction The website named “Moreorless: heroes & killers of the 20th century” by the author and producer Bruice Harris was developed for society all over the world. It is intended to present all necessary materials about heroes and killers of the 20th century from the author’s point of view. Among…

History of the United Arab Emirates

Introduction The history of the area starts in the 7th century when Islam was converted, but the archeological research shows that the first human occupation can be referred to as the Neolithic period. A new formation, United Arab Emirates, comprising six emirates (Abu Dhabi, Umm al-Qaiwain, Sharjah, Fujairah, Dubai, and…

Do Empires Ever Benefit Areas and People Subject To Them?

Do empires ever benefit areas and people subject to them? In his article, Edward Said presents the notion that in the case of empires what occurs is a state of cultural imposition wherein cultural predilection, values, behaviors even methods of speaking are imposed on a local populace resulting in a…

San Diego Plan During the Mexican Revolution

The Plan of San Diego can trace its roots to the Mexican revolution that occurred in the north region of Mexico in 1910. The bordering American region had a significantly greater population of Mexicans and Americans of Mexican origin than the Anglo-American population. There were, therefore, fears by Americans concerning…

Contemporary American Liberalism

Cold War Liberalism and New Left Ideologies Looking through the ideologies shaped in the 50s of the past century, the main emphasis should be placed on the role of the firmly established two-party opposition that prevented other social and political movements from protecting their rights. The brightest representatives of the…

“The African Experience” by Vincent Khapoya

Introduction Many scholars have advanced various schools of thought in their search for real reasons that could help resolve the question that has lived with us for centuries of what could be responsible for the continued economic, social and political backwardness of the African continent. Khapoya undertook to analyze the…

“Civil Rights in the Sunshine State” Exhibition

The Targeted Exhibition I decided to tour the Museum of Florida History (MFH) to complete this assignment. This museum presents powerful displays that explore the historical developments of Florida. The museum was presenting a special exhibition to its visitors. The title of the exhibition was “Civil Rights in the Sunshine…

Cultural Improvement Using Technological Progress

Throughout the history of human development, technological innovations have always accompanied cultural, social, and political dimensions of life. People strive to introduce technological improvements as a new form of material culture, as well as intensify the nature and role of innovation in advancing society. Within this perspective, Robert Friedel presents…

Asian Studies. Japan’s Classical System and Medieval Era

Was the so-called “rise of warriors” a complete overthrow of Japan’s classical system or not? Explain your view The rise of warriors in Japan participated in the collapse of the classical Japanese system which was adopted from Chinese civilization with centralized government, Confucianism, Buddhism as well as Chinese language and…

Global Nationalism Development and Crisis

Nationalism: Divisive or Beneficial? Generally, it should be pointed out that nationalism as a kind of political order is mostly associated with moral significance. However, one is to keep in mind that it is not so easy to disclose the meaning of the term. For instance, many scientists speak about…

Historical Foundations of the Modern World

Introduction People say that no one can have a future without the past. Contemporary society will leave lots of facts to analyze for future generations. The abundance of information which is a characteristic feature of the beginning of the twenty-first century will help historians of the future. However, modern historians…

Nationalism: Divisive or Beneficial?

While writing about the benefits and disadvantages of nationalism, I would like to consider some fundamentals of patriotic principles. So, first of all, there is a need to point out that “Nationalism, the most potent principle of political legitimacy in the modem world, holds that the nation should be collectively…

How Civil Liberties and Rights Evolved Over Time

Introduction The tremendous evolution of civil liberties and rights in American society occurred mainly in the 19th and 20th centuries (Kollman 5). While this does not mean that the American people are contented with the current state of affairs, they acknowledge that the strength of modern-day America is due to…

“Hunting Witches in Salem” by Cotton Mather

According to Cotton Mather, why was the devil dangerous? How did the devil operate in New England? What was the significance of Mather’s emphasis that invisible ‘furies’ could inflict visible injuries? Mather argues that the devil was dangerous because he determined to destroy the Kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ…

US History: Indian Removal and Trial of Tears

Cherokee Nation Before the year 1820s, the land east of the Mississippi was made up of the Cherokee Nation (Reisman 7). In 1828, the whites began to show interest in the Cherokee nation due to the discovery of gold in the region (Roark 320). During the year 1830, Georgia tried…

Toyotomi Hideyoshi and the Tokugawa Era in Japan

How did Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s domestic policies change the basic structures of society at the time? Toyotomi Hideyoshi is regarded as one of the heroic men in Japan’s history. Despite being born from a peasant family, he rose to the limelight after he destroyed the Asian clan of Omi in 1573…

The Sand Creek Massacre in the American History

Introduction The Sand Creek Massacre was one of the ill-famed incidents in American History. In 1864, the Colorado Territory soldiers planned to assail the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian villages. John Chivington was the leader of the soldiers. John Chivington was both a sermonizer and a freemason. He commanded the soldiers…

Injustices in King Jr.’s “Letter from a Birmingham”

I agree with Dr. King’s notion that injustice to a single person in a specific, even if far off place is an injustice to the whole nation and society. If a country has accepted individuals and they have citizenship in that country, the government should support and not alienate people…

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Federal Bureaucracy

When Roosevelt took over as president of the United States in 1933, he initially did not look favorably upon large federal bureaucracies and expansive government programs and spending (Leuchtenberg 52). In that regard, he shared the values of his predecessor Herbert Hoover, who maintained his stance that government assistance would…

Asian American Dreams and Communities

Vincent Chin Circumstances of his murder and how he was murdered It has been considered that Vincent Chin was murdered in the Detroit suburb, as a victim of a racial hate crime. At the onset of the 1880s the depression suffered by the auto industry in the US and the…

Enlightenment Culture and 18-th Century Revolutions

The key principles of eighteenth-century Enlightenment culture and liberalism When speaking about the key principles of eighteenth-century Enlightenment culture and liberalism, one is to keep in mind the fundamentals of the period. So, first of all, it should be pointed out that the Enlightenment period is characterized by modern western…

Umayyad Islamic Empire

Introduction The Islamic community has been dwelling on a patriarchal familial arrangement since time immemorial, and these cultural norms have influenced their societal behaviors.1 Perhaps such cultural norms may have come from the ancient kingdom leadership structures that dominated the Muslim creed for several decades. The Umayyad Caliphates were the…

Fascism in Italy vs. Nazism in Germany

Why have historians of fascism paid so much attention to the Arditi, the Italian storm troopers of the First World War? “The first nucleus of the Fascist military organization can be seen in the personal bodyguard if unemployed arditi”, which Mussolini recruited to garrison the Popolo d’Italia” (Kallis 396). Moreover,…

Battle of the Bull Run in American Civil War

The first biggest land clash in the history of the American Civil War is the battle of the Bull Run also popularly known as the First Manassas; it was fought in the middle of the 17th century (starting on July 21 1861) (Beatie 12). This warfare erupted in the state…

“I Have a Dream”: Martin Luther King Speech Review

It can be stated without a doubt that Martin Luther King’s speech “I Have a Dream” is among the most memorable and outstanding speeches up to date. It touches upon such themes as race, equality, plans and dreams, repression, religion, and visions of America, all of which can be considered…

American Civil War, Its Main Figures and Events

Henry Hunt Henry Jackson Hunt, the Chief of Artillery during the Civil War helped shape the results of the war. He recorded several success measures and it is shocking that his success is rarely recognized. Dougherty1 explains that the very first moment of fame for Hunt was during the 1861…

William Goebel – a Martyr of Great Ideas

Populism in the USA As pointed out by Goodwyn, insurgent movements that occur as protests to the existing political system are rarely successful and most often can be recognized as awkward because they tend to resist the entire system that makes such movements possible (n.p.). As a result, such movements…

Sugar and Cotton History and Present Trade

Introduction When many of us think about a commodity that changed our society, sugar may come to mind as a symbol of globalization as well as being the reason for the boom in slavery, when millions of Africans were brought to the United States to work on sugar farms. In…

The Colonial Foundations of Latin American

When Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492, European monarchies were fighting the Moorish menace successfully and experiencing a steady development of technologies, while the accumulation of wealth ensured a solid base and motivated Spain and Portugal to pursue new challenges. Latin America offered plenty of riches, populations to Christianize, and…

Ancient Egypt: Its Culture and History

History of Egypt Egypt is one of the countries that had a long and remarkable history. This country had an immense influence on the development of western civilization. Ironically, the country and its culture were also shaped by western civilization, as well as other cultural traditions. The Egyptians are a…

Industrial Capitalists in the American History

Robber Barons were known as rather self-centered and even cruel industrial capitalists, who had the purpose to get the necessary personal fortune using quit the unfair business. It was not difficult for them to forget about people’s interests to be satisfied and become wealthier. Industrial capitalists of the late 19th…

Mongol Invasion and Its Effects on Russia

Introduction The impacts of the Mongol conquests have been discussed by many researchers who study medieval societies. The territory of the modern-day Russia was a part of the Golden Horde, and this control had profound implications for the development of this state as well as other countries such as Ukraine…

Central Intelligence Agency in Tibet in the 1950s

The issue in question was the impact of the CIA’s involvement in Tibet’s political affairs during a critical period in the nation’s history. This query refers to the time period when Mao Tse Tung’s Communist Party took control of China in the year 1950. Shortly thereafter, Mao made known his…

Magic in Ancient Greece and Rome

Abstract This paper presents an examination of magic in antiquity, specifically in the Greco-Roman era. The article focuses on this specific era because it represents strong magical elements. Unlike the Egyptian civilization, sufficient evidence about the practice in the Greco-Roman period has survived to date. The paper begins by cataloging…

Industrial Revolution Causing Population Shift

The industrial revolution is marked with multifarious and radical changes in social-economic. The industrial revolution, which occurred in the 19th century is said to have improved the production of the agricultural activities, living standards were also enhanced, and thus there was a high increase in the size of the population….

Ronald Reagan – President of the United States of America

Introduction Ronald Reagan, who is regarded as the greatest communicator of all time, was the 40th president of the United States of America. An American president has a big significance in the world. It is widely known that the most powerful person on earth is the American President. Being the…

American Revolution: Cultural Diversity

American Revolution In the course of history, the status of women underwent several dramatic changes. First of all, the American Revolution gave rise to the debate about the rights of women in the community. However, at the end of the eighteenth century, the legacies of the colonialism were very strong,…

Communist Revolutions and Cold War in East Asia

Introduction Also referred to as the proletarian struggle, the communist revolution was a platform used to replace capitalism with socialism in East Asia. It is important to review the events that catalyse revolution and social composition of each ideology. This analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the historical significance of…

Gravestones: Archeological Analysis

Abstract Gravestones are found in every region across the world. This paper uses several headstones to explain how they can give adequate information about people’s historical, sociological, economic, and economic past. The discussion offers meaningful insights that can guide archeologists to learn more about every society’s history. Detailed Review Wearne…

The Ten Most Important Inventions of the Twentieth Century

The twentieth century was a period of extensive inventive activities, with great minds coming up with new solutions to existing problems, and improving on innovations and developments of the nineteenth century. Some of these innovations resulted in mild enhancements to day-to-day operations, such as the pop-up toaster invented by Charles…

The Rise and Fall of the British Empire

Introduction The 16th and 17th centuries saw the emergence of the British Empire that affected world politics considerably before its fall in the 20th century. Particularly, the development of the British Empire required Britain to establish overseas colonies to safeguard its political and economic interests. The British Empire traversed global…

American Constitution and Its Influencing Factors

Documents Magna Carta Summary The Magna Carta was drawn in 1215 between King John of England and a group of English Barons who opposed the king’s rule. The agreement concerned itself with issues relating to money and property and created no provisions for the majority and peasants in England. Consequently,…

North-South Gap as a Cause of American Civil War

Introduction The terms ‘North’ and ‘South’ have always been used in social, scientific, and political realms in reference to the relationships between the industrial-dependent states in the Northern parts of the USA and those that are agriculturally dependent and historically slave-reliant in the South. The term does not refer to…

The Paranoid Style in American Politics by Hofstadter

Introduction The widely-known essay “The Paranoid Style in American Politics” by Richard J. Hofstadter was a very important piece of writing in American journalism. It was first published in 1964. The essay focused upon the style of politics that the US had had historically and contemporarily to the author. Hofstadter…

Canadian Study: Course on Indigenous Studies

The process of reconciliation between First Nations and Europeans is complex and quite lasting. A lot of effort has been made to make these two groups find some common ground and truly become one nation. However, it is clear that this goal is yet to be reached. Education is seen…

Antisemitism Controversy and Holocaust Denial

Introduction Antisemitism has existed for centuries and taken different forms. This is a very dangerous phenomenon as it often resulted in cruel pogroms and even legal persecutions. The ideas of antisemitism are spread in most countries and accepted and cultivated by millions of people. This contagious concept is even supported…

Renaissance as a Rebirth in European Civilization

Renaissance was considered to be a time where there was an exercise of a lot of inventiveness in art, structural designs, science, and writing in literature. This period lasted in Europe at an approximated period of three centuries between 1300 and 1600, which led to the interventions of the printing…

Historical and Contemporary Issues in Luxury

Introduction During the Second French Empire, new changes were encountered in the leading cities across the country such as Paris. Most of these cities became centers for commerce, the arts and even fashion. Before the period, fashion was seen as a preserve for the nobility. However, Napoleon’s era led to…

James A. Garfield’s Biographical Information

Popular Quotes The truth will set you free, but first, it will make you miserable A pound of pluck is worth a ton of luck The spirit should not grow old The right reason is stronger than force Ideas control the world By James A. Garfield Biographical Information James A….

Spanish Colonization for Maya Religious Beliefs

The Maya are one of the native tribes of The Meso-American people. Before the Spanish arrived, they had developed one of the most sosphicated religion and culture. Their religion was anchored on worshipping and paying reverence to nature gods such as the god of corn, the god of rain, and…

Developmental Models in Postwar Japan and Korea

Introduction Economies in Japan and Korea were significantly affected by the Second World War and the Korean War. The governments had to design and implement strategies to rebuild the nations. Some scholars believe that these strategies were similar in both Japan and Korea. On the other hand, many specialists distinguish…

Mikhail Gorbachev’s 1988 UN Speech

Why did Gorbachev choose the United Nations as his forum? Mikhail Gorbachev chose the United Nations as his forum for his famous 1988 speech because it gave him a vantage arena whereby the whole world was the audience. Gorbachev prided himself in being a statesman who recognized that the Soviet…

Japanese History Documented in Chinese Writings

Introduction The history of East Asia revolves around the three regions of China, Japan, and Korea. Chinese history, according to research, was one of the earliest, if not the earliest histories to be documented. Consequently, the earlier Chinese dynasties and kingdoms documented their history through paintings, writings, and other forms…

Winston Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech

Churchill believes the Soviet Union “desires the fruits of war and the indefinite expansion of their power and doctrines.” How might those expansionist desires challenge the Western principle of national political self-determination, a cause it championed during World War 2? After World War II, the Soviet Union had its vast…

History: The Gilded Age of American Society

Along the Railroad to the New American Society Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner wrote the book The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. This book depicted an “American Society that despite its appearance of promise and prosperity, is riddled with corruption and scandal.” Today in American history this is…

World War II Impact on Racial Issues in the United States

It could be stated with certainty that large military conflicts have a vast impact on nearly every sphere of the social, political, and economic life of countries involved in the conflict. This statement is especially true in the context of World War II, as it was the global confrontation of…

Political and Industrial Progress in Latin America

Progress is a constant inevitable process of any civilization and it takes its own rhythm and patterns, developing and changing according to the people who provide its existence. The language of progress is a complex of evolutionary stages and flows which provides the development not only in industries. This language…

US Constitution of 1787: Formation and Ratification

Introduction The Articles of Confederation, drafted during the independence movement in 1776-1777, became the first official regulation that increased the power of the states through the creation of a decentralized government structure (Mittal & Weingast, 2013). However, they proved to be rather weak in governing the decision-making process made by…

American Revolution in Jonathan Boucher’s View

Review From Jonathan Boucher, A View of the Causes and Consequences of the American Revolution (1775) The document provides the audience with the position of Jonathan Boucher regarding the situation in America as of 1775. Being an Anglican minister, Boucher was also known as one of the rampant loyalists who…

Republican Factionalism and Black Empowerment

Article Review The main argument in Fitzgerald’s article is concerned with the intersection of the factional conflict and black social aspirations during the Southern Reconstruction (474). The author notes that due to the divisions among white Republican leaders, African Americans received more power in the southern party. Particularly, there was…

Historical Issues of Latin America

Problem Background Discussing the reasons that some countries have not yet achieved the success their citizens feel they deserve is a complex task. A country’s success is associated with a range of different factors that have influenced countries gradually throughout its history. In the case of Latin American countries that…

“Stalin in Focus” Essay by Theodore von Laue

Introduction Attempts to analyze Russian history by non-Russian historians can give rise to the issue of being able to understand the underlying reasons behind any political and economic decisions undertaken by the country’s government, as well as the way the Russian nation was shaped by these decisions and its own…

The Histories by Herodotus: Story and Book

Introduction Herodotus is one of the most famous historicists who provided people with the knowledge about the ancient era, how peoples lived, what customs and traditions they had. His works are a priceless heritage of that period of time. They promote a better understanding of the epoch and help to…

Industrial Revolution in the Chinese History

In his work, Justin Yifu Lin investigates the history of Chinese economic development and states several hypotheses explaining why, despite the numerous inventions and potential, the Chinese industrial revolution never happened. All the economic factors that led to the famous Industrial Revolution in England in the nineteenth century already existed…

American Revolutionary War and Its Challenges

In 1783 the American Revolutionary War that pitted Americans against Britain in their quest for freedom finally came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Paris that officially recognized the United States as an independent and sovereign country. This was a culmination of 8 years of war…

Jules Ferry’ Views on French Colonial Expansion

Introduction It is worth noting that Jules Ferry was a French public and political leader. He enforced the laws regarding the free and compulsory primary education (Fermer, 2013). During the policy of the government on colonial expansion, Ferry supported such course of action. The purpose of this paper is to…

The Creation of the US Constitution in the 1780s

After the independence of the thirteen American colonies was declared in 1776, the need to lay the foundation for the future existence of the states together arose. In 1781, the Articles of Confederation were ratified; these served as the first Constitution of the USA. However, they were unable to allow…