Free Essays on History: Examples and Topic Ideas |

Free Essay Examples on History

Social Welfare History in America

Introduction The establishment of the social welfare system in the United States of America was one of the most critical undertakings. The institution of social welfare dates back to a few centuries ago when Queen Elizabeth introduced it in the 15th century. The true “definition and perspective of looking at social welfare has undergone a profound evolution” (David, 2014, p.…

Words: 2883
Topic: History

The New Deal and Minorities in America

Historians and sociologists argue that the Great Depression profoundly changed American society because it made people extremely uncertain about their future. In particular, it led to the growing unemployment and homelessness; moreover, many households were brought to the brink of starvation. In turn, the New Deal was often perceived as the glitter of hope by many people at that time.…

Words: 826
Topic: History

Immigration, Race, and Labor in American History

Introduction Immigrant workers play a crucial role in the development of the United States’ economy. Historically, slaves were brought into this country to work on farms, which contributed largely to economic development at the time. After the abolishment of the slave trade, domestic work became the largest single employment avenue for immigrant women. In 1863, house slaves, who were mostly…

Words: 855
Topic: History

Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam

Introduction Malcolm X was born on May 19th, 1925 to Earl and Louise Little in Omaha, Nebraska. His parents were active members of Marcus Garvey’s “Back to Africa” movement, as well as the association for Negro improvement (UNIA). Earl Little’s open defense of Garvey led the Ku Klux Klan to target his family, forcing them out of Nebraska to Lansing…

Words: 1926
Topic: History

Jules Ferry’s Speech on French Colonial Expansion

Jules Ferry, a politician of the early Third Republic, is famous for his strategy of secular education and the fruitful extension of France as a colonial empire. He served as the Prime Minister of France for two terms. At that time the French imperial expansion started. Although criticized, he had a considerable influence on the French Parliament and the country’s…

Words: 562
Topic: History

The Communist Revolution in East Asia

Introduction The Communist Revolution in the East Asia region took place between the 1930s and 1940s (Meisner 2). It is a period that was characterized by acts of heroism and enhanced unity of the communities that took part in the revolution amidst the injustices that marred the uprising. However, one cannot mention the communist upheaval in East Asia without paying…

Words: 1471
Topic: History

Clausewitz’s Paradoxical Trinity Throughout History

Introduction The concept of war is as old as the human world, as wars permeate the entire history of humanity. Many events caused wars, but all of them can be divided into three types that Carl von Clausewitz distinguishes in his theory. In short, he calls these reasons passion, probability, and policy. However, for the last couple of centuries, the…

Words: 1367
Topic: History

Crisis and Civil War Events in Nigeria

Introduction The events of the Nigerian Civil War unfolded within 30 months, from July 1967 to January 1970. The war brought a large-scale humanitarian crisis to the Biafra region, resulting in between 1 and 3 million civilian deaths from hostilities, disease, and starvation (“Biafra War,” 2016). The main opposing forces in the war were the rebel Ibo people and the…

Words: 1115
Topic: History

Vietnam Decolonization’s Impacts on the International Relations

Introduction Decolonization was an instrumental factor to major changes that took place in the place world politics, particularly the decolonization of Vietnam given the geostrategic position of the country in the Asian region1. Studies show that several changes took place after the process of decolonization, but some scholars are of a different view since they suggest that nothing was interrupted…

Words: 4053
Topic: History

Quebec Separatism: Canadian Study

Main Arguments In the article “Canada’s Separatism Fatigue”, Rex Murphy explains how “the history of Quebec separatism has induced an ever-expanding distaste and weariness in Canada” (Murphy par. 5). Canada as a whole has become weary and understood how to accommodate this issue of separatism. This move has the potential to destabilize the country. The most outstanding fact is that…

Words: 479
Topic: History

Hatshepsut, the Forgotten Queen

Introduction Hatshepsut was and still is the only female who doubled as a queen and pharaoh of Egypt. She ascended to power in 1478BC after the demise of her spouse Thutmose II. Hatshepsut became an Egyptian queen and subsequently a pharaoh at a time when no one thought that women would ascend to power. In 1478BC, men dominated the Egyptian…

Words: 2029
Topic: History

Leadership History and Evolution

Every century has an example of a capable leader that influenced many people. However, various leaders differ significantly from each other from one period of time to another. For example, history knows Alexander the Great as a conqueror and a warrior. His personal qualities highlight him as a determined and smart leader. However, his leadership is firmly associated with his…

Words: 310
Topic: History

Historical Philosophy: Information Concepts

History is the knowledge that humans collectively possess and can use to own advantage. Unfortunately, people seem to ignore the past and strive to reach the future in the fastest way, forgetting the learned lessons and attention to details. History is significant on several levels and the first is biology. People have always been questioning the origins of the universe…

Words: 1710
Topic: History

History: Hurricanes and British Sugar and Rice Markets

The topic of the Article The Caribbean and South Atlantic regions tend to experience storms and hurricanes as seasonal threats that cause the destruction of private property, particularly plantations; as a result, in the 18th century, the British owners of agricultural businesses in these areas suffered devastating losses due to weather. The Author’s Main Point The main point of Mathew…

Words: 604
Topic: History

Elizabeth Bay Before and After Colonization

Present Elizabeth Bay is found in the state of New South Wales in eastern Sydney. The Bay is situated three kilometers east of Sydney central business. It is a harbor-side suburb that derived its name from the bay found in Sydney harbor. In the north, it is bounded by the Potts Point suburb. On the east side of the Bay…

Words: 1084
Topic: History

American Confederation and First Constitution

Introduction After independence, the United States went through multiple constitutional reformations. Polishing the authority system, the United States government developed its first Constitution. Its core was tested by time and still provides the working framework for the United States authorities. That is why it is important to thoroughly study the process of the constitutional development of this country. The Articles…

Words: 1210
Topic: History

Industrial Revolution in Great Britain (1760-1840)

The Industrial Revolution of 1760-1840 was a remarkable time that changed the world picture impressively (Stearns, 2010). During this period, progress influenced the way the society lived. Before this time, the agricultural segment was dominant, however, after the revolution several countries in Europe and the United States became industrial. Before the revolution, the goods were made mostly at homes by…

Words: 1354
Topic: History

First Civilizations and Their Characteristics

Introduction The history of the rise of civilization is long and intricate. It started around six thousand years ago with the formation of cities in the valley of Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East. Since then, the phenomenon of civilization evolved. However, its primary aspects remained unchanged. Taking a closer look at the development of the Ancient Near…

Words: 586
Topic: History

History of the Ku Klux Klan

Who were the Victims of Klan Violence? The Klan, commonly known as the Ku Klux Klan, was a distinct movement in the United States that advocated for white extremism that stood to support white nationalism, supremacy, anti-immigration, anti-Catholicism, Nordicism, and anti-Semitism. Their main victims were nonwhite people living in the United States. Their major hate, however, was against the black…

Words: 590
Topic: History

Ancient History: Agricola and Germania by Tacitus

Introduction The Agricola and Germania is a book mainly written for two distinct historical purposes: the first one is to appraise Agricola, a talented commander and a real historic figure of the Roman Empire period, and the second one serves to praise the Germania inhabitants. In the book, we find Julius Agricola who was a legend in the history of…

Words: 900
Topic: History

O’Sullivan’s “The Great Nation of Futurity”

“The Great Nation of Futurity”: O’Sullivan’s Promotion of Freedom and Rights through God’s Will The idea that America has a special history and destiny has been discussed during many centuries with strong attempts to understand its impact on global development and the promotion of national beliefs. In the middle of the 1800s, John L. O’Sullivan was a person who contributed…

Words: 1219
Topic: History

Love, Sex, and Marriage in Ancient and Middle Ages

Introduction Human society is a complex phenomenon that implies the coexistence of a great number of individuals characterized by different feelings, points of view, attitudes, etc. However, there are still some aspects that unite people and contribute to the creation of the mentality that conditions the appearance of some common beliefs and values. These impact the socially accepted behavior and…

Words: 1126
Topic: History

Ho Chi Minh’s Role in Vietnamese Independence

After France withdrew its troops from Indochina, Vietnam was open to the Japanese invasion. Soon after Pearl Harbor, Vietnam was fully occupied by the Japanese forces. In May 1941, the Vietnamese League for Independence was created. It was an independent guerrilla network of peasants, socialists and nationalists designed to resist Japanese occupation. The Vietnamese opposition was led by a group…

Words: 366
Topic: History

Martin Luther King in Civil Rights Movement

My previous essay was primarily related to the problem of inequity existing in the American society. In particular, I focused on the hardships faced by young adults. Many of these individuals continuously have to struggle with poverty. In turn, one should pay more attention to the underlying causes of this phenomenon. Furthermore, it is necessary to explain how the community…

Words: 1416
Topic: History

“The Black Death and the World It Made” by Cantor

The Black Death is known as one of the most horrible and destructive pandemics that hit the medieval world. It surfaced in Europe in the fourteenth century at around 1347 to 1350. It originated from Asia, where there are many rodents, especially rats, which carried the plague bacillus. When the disease hit Western Europe, about 20 million individuals died, which…

Words: 883
Topic: History

Why the Industrial Revolution Did Not Originate in China?

When studying the history of China, many put a focus on innovations that gave a start to the development of Western civilizations. Despite the fact that China was very advanced in agricultural and technological productivity in the time period leading up to the fourteenth century, the country stopped its development and fell behind in comparison with the West. It is…

Words: 300
Topic: History

The Rise of Silk Industry in Lyon, France

Introduction In ancient France, the high and middle classes of society created a demand for locally designed silk products that embraced their tastes and culture. For a long time, the French elites had been spending a lot of money on acquiring quality silk fabrics imported from other countries. Due to the worry of giving a lot of money to foreign…

Words: 1619
Topic: History

Post-War Britain: Decline or Growth?

Introduction The debate whether the British economy declined or grew during the post war decades among scholars especially economic historians has been going on for decades. The debate began immediately with the invention of the idea of Declinism in the later decades of the nineteenth century (Tomlinson 732). The origin of Declinism idea was as a result of the untimely…

Words: 1653
Topic: History

African Self-Representation Then and Now

Introduction Nowadays, Africa is considered the poorest continent in the world. Remarkably, for such a long period of time, Africans’ way of life remains unchanged (Walton, Smith, and Wallace 2017). Certainly, there are many reasons for that, ranging from some peculiarities of their culture to the hundreds of years of terror inflicted by the Europeans when they first arrived in…

Words: 921
Topic: History

Slavery in Different Periods of American History

Edward Berenson’s textbook “Europe in the Modern World Since 1500” As transportation networks and technology began to develop, they allowed for fast and efficient shipment of goods anywhere in Europe and across continents. This resulted in a dramatic decline in prices on food and crops, particularly with the arrival of mass shipments from the United States. However, agricultural costs for…

Words: 1973
Topic: History

First US Constitution vs. New Constitution of 1787

The Articles of Confederation and the New Constitution: Comparison and Contrast Prior to the ratification of the US Constitution that was created in 1787, the state-operated under another document known as the Articles of Confederation, which became effective in 1781 (“Comparing the Articles and the Constitution,” 2010). Even though the overall functions of the two documents were very similar, the…

Words: 1220
Topic: History

The Media’s Role in the JFK Assassination’ Coverage

It is claimed that 50 years after the JFK assassination, nearly all the known facts have been propagated by the mainstream media. Nearly each idea known to the public has been either evoked or driven by individuals who restricted activities of the mainstream media (Gormlie 1). Thus, just like the previous misleading leads that were communicated 50 years after the…

Words: 3093
Topic: History

Women and Media in Douglas’s “Where the Girls Are”

Introduction Susan Douglas’s Where the Girls Are: Growing Up Female with the Mass Media is a significant contribution to modern feminist thought for its critical look at how women of the Baby Boomers generation were severely influenced by the popular culture. The book also acknowledged the blossoming awareness and acceptance of feminist ideologies. Douglas managed to explain that women of…

Words: 838
Topic: History

The Algerian Revolution and Its Causes

Abstract The Algerian revolution is also known as the Algerian war of independence. The Algerians rebelled against the French administration after they were unable to withstand its brutality. France invaded Algeria in 1830. Before the French incursion, Algeria had been under the control of the Arabs, Turks, Romans, and Moors. Hence, the Algerians knew little about freedom. France was determined…

Words: 2568
Topic: History

History of the U.S. Supreme Court

The U.S Supreme Court came into existence as per the requirement of the constitution. Article III, section I of the US constitution required that a supreme court is enacted to provide judicial power. The agenda to establish the court was deliberated by the first meeting that was held by the congress on March 4, 1789. Therefore, the congress wanted to…

Words: 1182
Topic: History

Jules Ferry on French Colonial Expansion

Introduction When Jules Ferry was the Prime Minister of France, the state began colonial expansion. In a debate with the French Parliament, Ferry defended the decision to expand as a right and a moral duty of a higher race over lower races. Certain developments in the world trade made the imperial expansion an urgent task for France. The purpose of…

Words: 584
Topic: History

Malcolm X’s and Martin Luther King’s Similarities

Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X are among the notable civil rights activists that lived in the United States of America. Despite the fact that they came into being at different times and had different lives, these two figures had some similarities and differences between them. Martin Luther’s father served as a Baptist minister in the famous Ebenezer Church…

Words: 509
Topic: History

Industrial China and Europe in “Needham Puzzle”

The article under discussion analyzed and explained the notion of the “Needham puzzle.” The puzzle is about China’s growth and evolution: its tempo, its perspective, and the reason why China failed to become the country of the industrial revolution, although the capability of its evolution and growth was high even back in the fourteenth century. In short, the “Needham puzzle”…

Words: 463
Topic: History

20-Century Media in Douglas’ “Where the Girls Are”

Susan Douglas’s book Where the Girls Are: Growing Up Female in the Mass Media is a highly successful attempt to portray the lives of women as being impacted by the media and culture. Douglas attempts to evaluate the effect of songs, TV shows, adverts, and other means of communication on the formation of females’ image in the last-century US. The…

Words: 839
Topic: History

Ivan the Terrible’s Impact on Russian History

Introduction The legacies of Ivan IV Vasilyevich, who is also known as Ivan the Terrible, attract close attention of many historians because this monarch considerably shaped the history of Russia, especially the political development of this country, its social structure, as well as the size of its territory. This paper is aimed at discussing such aspects as the centralization of…

Words: 1687
Topic: History

New American Constitution’s Establishment

Introduction The Constitution of the United States was established in 1787. Delegates from northern and southern states worked on this document, taking into consideration the interests of all the involved. The Articles of Confederation preceded the Constitution. However, they could not be used effectively to govern the country. The delegates suggested creating three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. They also…

Words: 1204
Topic: History

Jules Ferry’s Defense of French Colonialism

Introduction Colonialism as a form of state-building emerged in the 18th-19th century and was a byproduct of intense industrialization and exploration, which opened new avenues for expanding the borders of existing countries by conquering and subjugating territories located in foreign countries, such as the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia. All major empires of the world, including the British Empire, the…

Words: 662
Topic: History

Pauli Murray’s Input to the Civil Rights Movement

Pauli Murray’s name is not commonly mentioned alongside many historical figures that have been immortalized in their fight for equality and civil rights for minorities and women alike. However, Murray had a profound impact by introducing ideas and legal concepts which were used to establish the basics of equal treatment for these groups in society. Despite being behind the scenes…

Words: 597
Topic: History

American Constitution: Creation and Ratification

Introduction The United States had two constitutions. The first one, known as “The Articles of Confederation,” came into effect in March 1781. The second one, “The Constitution,” succeeded The Articles in June 1788. The documents may seem similar, but they have a lot of differences when analyzed in more detail. Their comparison will explain the advantages and disadvantages of both…

Words: 897
Topic: History

Jules Ferry’s Speech “On Colonial Expansion”

Introduction Jules Ferry’s speech on “On Colonial Expansion” from 1884 addresses his thoughts on the need for imperial expansion of France. His speech covers a variety of arguments for expansion from economic to military ones. It outlines the issues that he believes need to be solved through imperial expansion and addresses some arguments from his critics. This paper will provide…

Words: 572
Topic: History

Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War

Among outstanding political figures, Abraham Lincoln holds a specific place. He was the president of the USA in a very difficult period for the country. The Civil War, which lasted four years, claimed the lives of more than 600 thousand of the Americans. Abraham Lincoln has placed himself on record as a person who has prevented the collapse of the…

Words: 632
Topic: History

Economic Advancement and Nationalism Spirit in Europe

The nations that are available today are the result of human interventions. Over the centuries, people have tried to spread nationhood among the citizens of particular geographic regions. Nationalism comprises of shared ideas, common principles and a common purpose (Kagan et al. 630). A nation consists of people coming together because of similar language and geographical locations. These people must…

Words: 603
Topic: History

Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Dred Scott Decision

How was each section of the country impacted by the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Dred Scott decision? Both the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Dred Scott decision promoted slavery against the backdrop of the pressure from the Northerners for the abolition of the practice. The passage of the Act coupled with the Supreme Court decision legitimizing slavery ignited the calls for…

Words: 890
Topic: History

Human Progress in Renaissance and Modern Society

Introduction The Renaissance is one of the turning points in the history of the development of the world. This era changed the direction and pace of human progress. Such processes significantly affected European countries. Life of regular people, as well as of aristocracy, became different and more resembling the life of modern people. However, there are still some differences. The…

Words: 613
Topic: History

New Constitution of 1787 Ratification Debates

While carrying out a comparative analysis of the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of 1787, it is critical to take into account the fact that the latter appeared in response to the overall dissatisfaction with the Articles. Hence, the ratification of the Constitution signifies that this legislation was considered to be stronger than the one established by the Articles…

Words: 1111
Topic: History