The spread of poverty also has a negative impact on the environment. As the situation of citizens improves, they have a greater impact on nature, as they begin to consume more material goods. That is why the main goal of sustainable development is the introduction of renewable resources.
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Eradicating poverty must go hand in hand with efforts to accelerate economic growth and address a range of issues in education, health, social protection, and employment, as well as climate change and environmental protection. It is important to ensure that a large number of different resources are attracted from various sources. Developing or least developed countries can obtain sufficient funds to develop programs and strategies to eradicate or reduce poverty in all its forms through cooperation. The state’s policy will be directly related to the mutual assistance of the country and the population. That is, a solid strategic framework can be created that works for pro-poor development to accelerate poverty eradication further while enhancing environmental protection.
In the 1990s, countries in South America, namely Uruguay, Brazil, and Paraguay, adopted neoliberal reform programs to promote free trade, attract foreign investment, and encourage export-oriented agricultural production. It contributed to economic growth, which some governments used as the basis for social programs. Uruguay is one of the few countries in South America classified as a high-income country using the Social Dialogue strategy (Siegel, & Bastos Lima, 2020). A discussion on a sensitive issue leads to trade-offs, including different perspectives, and is also reflected in resource allocation. In that case, this may have the potential for meaningful changes in the governance of the agri-food sector with a greater focus on environmental and health impacts.
Siegel, K. M., & Bastos Lima, M. G. (2020). When International Sustainability Frameworks Encounter Domestic Politics: The sustainable development goals and agri-food governance in South America. World Development, 135, 3–5. Web.