Teaching Sessions for African American Children With Asthma Issue

Introduction

  • Patient education is critical;
  • It helps to control patients’ health;
  • Asthma depends on various environmental factors;
  • African-American children are at a high risk of asthma;
  • Patient education on asthma lacks proper research;
  • Teaching sessions may be useful to address the identified health concern.

The Spirit of Inquiry Ignited

  • Many African-American children have asthma (Todoric, Bangdiwala, Vadlamudi, Alarcon, & Hernandez, 2015);
  • These children are at risk regardless of social status and family income;
  • Nutritional patterns, environmental pollution, and exposure to different triggers can cause asthma;
  • The problem is that African-American children are likely to have this disease twice more compared to other races (the United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2014);
  • It is urgent to address the problem;
  • The provision of educational resources seems to a solution.

PICOT Question

  • (P) – In African American children with asthma
  • (I) – will the use of teaching sessions (30 minutes per week)
  • (C) – compared with the traditional teaching tools for managing the problem
  • (O) – have better effects on the management of the disease
  • (T) – over a year?
  • PICOT question coincides with the clinical question.

Search Strategy

  • CINAHL;
  • Cochrane Library National Guidelines Clearinghouse;
  • PubMed;
  • TRIP;
  • Children teaching strategies;
  • Hereditary and environmental predictors of asthma.

Critical Appraisal of the Evidence Performed

  • Asthma in children is marked by social and personal challenges (Agusala, Vij, Agusala, Dasari, & Kola, 2018);
  • In rural areas, asthma care is not fully available;
  • Everhart, Greenlee, Winter, and Fiese (2018) discovered that asthma in children correlates with the quality of life;
  • Ding, Wathen, Altaye, and Mersha (2018) determined a link between African ancestry and asthma;
  • Emotionally sensitive information was important in asthma education (Archibald, Hartling, Ali, Caine, & Scott, 2018).
  • The mentioned findings are essential for the project.

Evidence Integrated with Clinical Expertise and Patient Preferences

  • Evidence found will be translated into 30-minute teaching sessions;
  • Results will be compared with a traditional approach to treating asthma in children – medications;
  • Lack of awareness of their own condition prevents children from proper treatment;
  • It is better to combine medication therapy with patient education;
  • Collaboration of children’s parents and their healthcare providers is required;
  • A nurse should have knowledge of pharmacology, child psychology, and cultural competence to provide education.

The outcome of Practice Change Evaluated

  • 20 children completed a series of 30-minute lessons;
  • Improved self-efficacy was reported by their parents;
  • Increased awareness of taking medication was noted;
  • The short timeframe for the identified intervention was effective;
  • Other pediatric patients with asthma may also receive educational sessions;
  • Expectations regarding the overall benefit of education were proved.

Project Outcomes Disseminated

  • The educational setting was used;
  • Managing asthma implemented in this project was considered useful;
  • It was recognized as relevant for using in children with other chronic conditions as well;
  • Parents and caretakers also received the findings of the project;
  • They were encouraged to share information with friends;
  • African-American children received new health opportunities.

Evaluation Plan and Methods

  • Purpose and clinical question: can asthma education improve the diagnosis?
  • Time: long-term – one year, and short-term – 2-3 months;
  • Stakeholders: nurses, children, and their parents;
  • Theoretical framework: asthma is predetermined by the quality of life (Everhart et al., 2018; Ding et al., 2018), design: a cohort study;
  • Confidentiality: consent forms and personal information is secured;
  • Sample/setting/procedure: 20 African-American children aged between 7and 12/ an educational setting / 30-minutes lessons.
  • Instrument: a 30-minute lesson in the course of three months.

Conclusion

  • Asthma education is important;
  • It allows increasing patients awareness of their conditions;
  • Significance of information for African-American children with asthma was proved;
  • Parents reported improved self-care of their children;
  • Teaching sessions may also be used for other chronic conditions;
  • This problem needs further research.

References

Agusala, V., Vij, P., Agusala, V., Dasari, V., & Kola, B. (2018). Can interactive parental education impact health care utilization in pediatric asthma: A study in rural Texas. Journal of International Medical Research, 1-11. Web.

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Archibald, M. M., Hartling, L., Ali, S., Caine, V., & Scott, S. D. (2018). Developing “my asthma diary”: A process exemplar of a patient-driven arts-based knowledge translation tool. BMC Pediatrics, 18(1), 186-196.

Ding, L., Li, D., Wathen, M., Altaye, M., & Mersha, T. B. (2018). African ancestry is associated with cluster-based childhood asthma subphenotypes. BMC Medical Genomics, 11(1), 51-62.

Everhart, R. S., Greenlee, J. L., Winter, M. A., & Fiese, B. H. (2018). Primary and secondary caregiver reports of quality of life in pediatric asthma: Are they comparable? Applied Research in Quality of Life, 13(2), 371-383.

Todoric, K., Bangdiwala, S., Vadlamudi, A., Alarcon, L., & Hernandez, M. (2015). Assessing asthma in African American children using the asthma control test (ACT) and childhood ACT. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, 114(4), 342-344.

United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2014). Children’s environmental health disparities: Black and African American children and asthma. Web.

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StudyCorgi. (2021, July 10). Teaching Sessions for African American Children With Asthma Issue. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/teaching-sessions-for-african-american-children-with-asthma-issue/

Work Cited

"Teaching Sessions for African American Children With Asthma Issue." StudyCorgi, 10 July 2021, studycorgi.com/teaching-sessions-for-african-american-children-with-asthma-issue/.

1. StudyCorgi. "Teaching Sessions for African American Children With Asthma Issue." July 10, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/teaching-sessions-for-african-american-children-with-asthma-issue/.


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StudyCorgi. "Teaching Sessions for African American Children With Asthma Issue." July 10, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/teaching-sessions-for-african-american-children-with-asthma-issue/.

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StudyCorgi. 2021. "Teaching Sessions for African American Children With Asthma Issue." July 10, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/teaching-sessions-for-african-american-children-with-asthma-issue/.

References

StudyCorgi. (2021) 'Teaching Sessions for African American Children With Asthma Issue'. 10 July.

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