Cognition and Learning have proved to be a very useful course for me. All the topics covered in the course were of great interest and importance for me. However, there is one specific thing that resonated with me most: the idea of Gestalt-approach to problem-solving.
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According to this theory, finding the best solution to a problem requires an appropriate definition of the problem itself. The importance of the correct definition lies in the fact that it might already have a solution in it. It means that the key to dealing with an issue lies in the representation of the problem in one’s mind.
The Gestalt approach argues that a problem can be solved by perceiving it in all its complexity and context. It requires “understanding an insight into the structure of a problem” (Robertson, 2016, p. 11). Thus, if looking at the problem from different angles and defining it objectively, an individual can solve it more comfortably.
For me, it proved to be a highly valuable piece of knowledge that would allow me to deal with issues more effectively. Normally I find myself in situations when I prefer to concentrate on possible solutions to a problem without even considering the issue first. This creates high levels of anxiety and frustration and requires a lot of energy. Moreover, upon solving the problem, I come to a realization that most often it was not as complicated as I thought initially. However, from now on, I would start looking at the problem, defining it and evaluating it objectively.
I have already applied this principle to the present assignment. Instead of being stressed about writing these short essays, I decided to read the instructions and go through the necessary materials. As a result, I managed to come up with hopefully comprehensive answers.
Robertson, I. (2016). Problems solving: Perspectives from cognition and neuroscience. Psychology Press.