Free Essay Examples on Psychology

Essay on Cross-Cultural Communication & Differences

Cross-cultural communication is a crucial success component nowadays. Globalization and integration contribute to the importance of it. Cross-cultural contact is vital on all levels. Relations across the borders are no longer unusual. Businesses all over the world strive to get into the global arena. Countries cooperate with foreign parties. Any person can get communicate with foreigners regularly. Expertise in the…

Words: 1378
Topic: Psychology

Literature Review on Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is quite a wide-spread and complex health problem. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends screening all children for autism. In some cases, autism symptoms are not severe, but some patients cannot lead a standard lifestyle. The word “spectrum” is used because there is a wide variety of symptoms and their severity. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder…

Words: 2144
Topic: Psychology

Developmental Theories’ Comparative Analysis

Introduction Studying people’s behavior has been a central focus for various scholars and scientists over the centuries. This has led to the development of various theories that aim at explaining why people behave and develop the way they do. Arguably, a human being’s behavior and development is a lifelong process that involves psychological and social changes, which are experience during…

Words: 1051
Topic: Psychology

Autism Spectrum Disorders: Control and Prevention

Introduction Ever since its invention, the television has played an important role in the entertainment of people and families. This has been achieved by the programmes that are aired by various media houses. Due to this fact, televisions have developed to be one of the best forms of home entertainment to many families all around the world. This has brought…

Words: 1346
Topic: Psychology

Work Motivation: Capitalism, Individualism, Institutionalism

Every culture has a set of underlying social values and norms that not only motivate people to work but underpin all social interactions. In a community, some people are characterised by high levels of motivation to work while others hardly work due to low levels of motivation. One of the proposed responses to the question of why people work can…

Words: 863
Topic: Psychology

Introversion and Extraversion Biological Basis

The terms “introvert” and “extrovert” have become household words in the XXI century owing to Eysenck’s theory and the development of a three-factor model. Traditionally, it is believed that introversion and extroversion are defined by biological factors and that environmental factors play little to no role in defining the given characteristics of personality. However, for a number of reasons, the…

Words: 909
Topic: Psychology

The Rogerian and Person-Centred Theory Key Concepts

Introduction Karl Rogers contributed greatly in the development of counselling strategies in the field of psychology, as he formulated a humanistic theory based on the assumptions of the Abraham Maslow, which is of great help to caregivers. In his analysis, he observed that an individual needs a special environment if he or she is to realise the much-needed growth. In…

Words: 2779
Topic: Psychology

Social Psychology and Health Issues

Social psychologists respond to health issues taking into account people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions. Patients and their relations with others are examined. Social psychologists look at the issue from the mental perspective. They evaluate consumers’ interactions and their influence. The traditional approach to healthcare delivery is based on clinical and laboratory evaluation. If a person survived in a car crash…

Words: 351
Topic: Psychology

Does Damage to Frontal Lobes Produce Impairment in Memory?

Summary of the key points in the article Stuss and Alexander (84) sought to substantiate whether memory is impaired when frontal lobes are damaged. The authors posed this question based on an ongoing controversy about the role of frontal lobes in performing the function of memory. Stuss and Alexander identified that the frontal lobes have been wrongly considered to perform…

Words: 577
Topic: Psychology

Classical Conditioning: Benefits and Weaknesses

Introduction Classical conditioning was coined by Ivan Pavlov, the renowned Russian psychologist. The phenomenon’s main objective is to identify the connection between the two stimuli. In this regard, experiments on how the association between two stimuli derive a common response are integral in classical conditioning. Classical conditioning involves both neutral and reflex stimuli (Pavlov 2003, p. 31). In addition, there…

Words: 831
Topic: Psychology

Self-Esteem Role in Stress Management

Self-Esteem and Its Role in Promoting and Resolving Stress Self-esteem underscores confidence in one’s beliefs and values. It emerges from attitudes that a person develops towards something, which could be a personal vision such as career objectives, lifestyles, and other personal responsibilities. Psychologists argue that attitudes mold characters that one upholds at any particular moment, which then explains why self-esteem…

Words: 606
Topic: Psychology

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Definition and Usage

Introduction Jon Kabat-Zinn first employed Mindfulness-based treatment in offering psychological services to clients at the Center of Medical services in Massachusetts at around 1978. The new model was viewed as the most effective in helping those suffering from chronic pain since it was thought to reduce suffering among those who had lost their beloved ones. The first attempt was successful,…

Words: 2226
Topic: Psychology

Sensory Perception and Memory Role in Its Processing

Over the years, the issue of whether human beings can trust their conscious awareness has generated numerous reactions. Some people believe that they can trust their senses to interpret data and get an accurate view of the world, while others believe they cannot (Amicus, 2011). Senses play a crucial role in developing a connection between the mind and the world…

Words: 607
Topic: Psychology

Motivation Theories in Society

Introduction Motivation is a psychological factor that drives one to take action towards specific set goal. It ensures that individuals’ behavior is oriented towards that goal. Motivation can therefore qualify as a driving force since it propels one towards achieving the aim. It can also be referred to as an inner factor that can be characterized by a certain manner.…

Words: 2495
Topic: Psychology

The Early Education Issues: Development and Importance

Issue: It is known that early education provides a tremendous benefit for the future. Should early education (beginning age three) be mandatory and free? My opinion is that early education is an essential aspect that contributes to the future in a significant way, and that is, should be mandatory and free. My reasons: The process of socializing and emotional development works better…

Words: 639
Topic: Psychology

Veterans’ Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: How a Game Can Help?

The game of Human versus Zombies has gained popularity in the recent past, and is very common in colleges and military camps. The game is designed to allow the participants to engage in combat that is similar to what takes place in the battlefields. The difference between this game and a real war is that no one gets harmed in…

Words: 1121
Topic: Psychology

Psychological Studies and Experiments: Code of Conduct

Introduction The American Psychological Association provides ethical guidelines to ensure that the rights of research participants are upheld and to safeguard the reputation of the psychological researchers and the discipline of psychology (McLeod, 2015). Researchers have a moral duty to preserve the dignity and rights of the study participants. Thus, they must work within the stipulated ethical conduct and their…

Words: 576
Topic: Psychology

Patients with Depression’ Care: Betty Case

Betty, a 45 years old woman, is referred to a local clinic because of feeling depressed. She has a history of three divorces and thinks that she is tired of living the old way. That is why now she is involved in relationships with a woman. In fact, she is bisexual. Another reason for feeling depressed is that her mother…

Words: 620
Topic: Psychology

Private Speech in Psychology

According to Piaget and Vygotsky, private speech is the act of communicating with oneself for the purposes of self-guidance and self-regulation. Private speech is normally characteristic of children aged from two to seven. Piaget argued that the notion of private speech represents a developmental dead-end, in contrast to his views, Vygotsky maintained that private speech is “a revolution in development…

Words: 578
Topic: Psychology

School-Age Children’ and Early Childhood’ Differences

School-age children and children in early childhood exhibit differences in cognitive, physical, and socioemotional development. Children in early childhood experience rapid physical growth despite the existence of plateau stages in-between the various growth phases. For instance, their weight increases by approximately 5-6 pounds annually, while their height increases by 2-3 inches (PSY 357 lecture three notes, 2015). In comparison, the…

Words: 562
Topic: Psychology

How the Role of Children Has Evolved?

How the Role of Children Has Evolved Through History The roles of children have been evolving over the last centuries. Throughout the middle ages, children were mainly expected to engage in hunting and gathering. Girls were expected to complete different household chores. Boys were trained to become future warriors. Throughout the 1900s, children were expected to attend different schools. They…

Words: 824
Topic: Psychology

Behavior: Face-to-face and Online Communication Differences

Introduction Social psychology is the field of study that focuses on relationships and behavior within the human society. It can have various implications. For instance, organizations have long relied on research and methods used in social psychology when developing their business strategies. Technology has enabled them to develop new efficient methods to explore the population and potential consumers as well…

Words: 1382
Topic: Psychology

Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence – Psychology

Evaluating the intelligence rates in young children is crucial to the understanding of their needs, the assessment of the problems that children at the specified age may have, and locating any possible issues in their development (Jasinski, 2012). Therefore, applying an appropriate tool for measuring children’s intelligence is crucial to the outcomes of the evaluation and the choice of the…

Words: 1119
Topic: Psychology

The Theory of Family Intervention

The Uncomplicated Grief Counseling Theory The theory of family intervention that has been selected for this case is the uncomplicated grief counseling presumption. In this theory, the argument is that the grieving person experiences a normal sorrow in the event of a loss of a close person. The individual is not incapacitated by the experience, although he or she is…

Words: 1694
Topic: Psychology

Stress and Coping: Social Support and Social Ties

Introduction Social ties play important roles in a person’s life, and they have an impact on social support that people seek, receive, and give. In this paper, the notions of social ties and social support will be defined, and the importance of social support and how it might depend on the cultural background a person has will be discussed. Social…

Words: 2301
Topic: Psychology

Cyberbullying: Victim and Abuser in the Online Environment

Detailing the Topic: Cyberbullying as a 21st-Century Concern The phenomenon of bullying has been known since the dawn of time (Elgar et al., 2014) as one of the most typical, though morally unjustifiable, behavioral patterns in the society. However, with the technological advances of the 21st century and the creation of a new communication platform located in the virtual reality,…

Words: 553
Topic: Psychology

Childhood Maltreatment’ and Psychosis’ Relationship

Child maltreatment is a crucial social problem which is related to a complex of various aspects of the functioning of society and its beneficial evolution. The growth of the level of attention devoted to the problems of upbringing resulted in the appearance of a number of important questions. The relations within a family, conditions under which a child grows and…

Words: 1955
Topic: Psychology

Clinical Depression Treatment: Issues and Solvings

Explain a single research design that you would use I would choose the A–B-A Withdrawal Design. The first letter “A” represents a non-treatment phase, and it precedes the treatment phase, which is denoted by letter “B” (Royse, Thyer, & Padgett, 2015). The last letter “A” represents a non-treatment phase that occurs immediately after the intervention. Why did you choose this…

Words: 731
Topic: Psychology

Jung and Gardner Theories: Typology Test and Its Results

Jung and Gardner Theory The Psychological Type Theory (PTT) of Jung consists of the orientations (extraversion as opposed to introversion) and the functions of “thinking, feeling, intuition and sensation” to be defined for a person (Crellin, 2014, p. 14). Thinking is opposed to feeling; intuition and sensation form another pair of opposed features (Seel, 2012). Thinking presupposes rational thinking or…

Words: 920
Topic: Psychology

The Effects of Stress on Individuals

Introduction The contemporary times are characterized with fast-moving lifestyles. Individuals are living on the fast lane, and in the process of making a living, the majority have forgotten to live fruitfully. The economic environment is turbulent, rumors of wars across the globe are all over the news, and natural catastrophes are eminent. The technological revolution has reduced the world into…

Words: 580
Topic: Psychology

Developmental Psychology: Self-Esteem and Cultural Values

Abstract Based on the article by CNRS, the paper analyzes the findings of the worldwide survey exploring the relationship between self-esteem and the fulfillment of the values dominating the cultural environment. The ideas for future research and the use of the findings in practice are also included in the paper. Besides, the article written by Bronfenbrenner is analyzed. His main…

Words: 672
Topic: Psychology

Stress Impacts on Psychological and Physiological Health

Introduction Different people have different levels to which they can effectively withstand stressing environmental conditions. Factors such as personality types, emotional stability attributes of different people, and more importantly, personal temperaments may determine this ability. Exposure to stressing environmental conditions has negative consequences to both psychological and physiological health of people. This paper summarizes Chapter 13 of Hockenbury and Hockenbury…

Words: 1677
Topic: Psychology

Oppositional Defiant Disorder Analysis

Introduction Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a condition that involves persistent phases of anger, refusal to comply with adults, arguing, and spitefulness. It is experienced for a period of at least six months. Other behaviors include deliberately annoying people, touchiness, and blaming others for their misconduct. For a child to be regarded as suffering from ODD, they must exhibit four…

Words: 2177
Topic: Psychology

Do Child Toys Restrict Criteria for Gender?

There are various ideas raised by various authors portraying the distinct or somewhat similar attributes in regards to how gender is formed. Feminism arises where such factors of social, political, and economic boundaries are addressed. In a bid to evaluate and demonstrate how authors portray gender in their writings, this paper compares and contrasts different perspectives of psychoanalysts and novelist…

Words: 948
Topic: Psychology

Major Types of Depression

Introduction Having a continuous sense of exhaustion, feeling of sadness, and hopelessness are the key signs of clinical or major depression. This mood disorder is an illness; it makes one feel frustrated, angry, miserable, and apathetic. Such mood changes alter the daily life an individual quite a long and may last for years. Every individual faces moment of feeling sad…

Words: 1291
Topic: Psychology

Developmental Psychology: Aggression Between Parents

The article that is presented by the New York University is dealing with the parents’ influence on the children’s ability to control emotions and recognize them. It is claimed that the aggression between parents is likely to have an adverse effect on the development of children. There is no difference whether it is verbal or physical, aggression that is seen…

Words: 882
Topic: Psychology

Sleep and Exercise Effectiveness

Introduction The assignment focuses on sleep and exercise. Regular physical activities are good for the body and well-being of people. One may not be sure of engaging in physical activities for fear of getting hurt. The good news is that physical activities are however safe when done well. Sleep has been regarded as a ‘passive activity’, but adequate sleep is…

Words: 1421
Topic: Psychology

“Social Anxiety Disorder” by Schneier Franklin

The article, “Social Anxiety Disorder,” by Schneier Franklin, was published in 2006, in the New England Journal of Medicine. The writer outlines what he considers the main causes of social anxiety disorder and proposes two solutions, namely, therapy and medication. He deconstructs the condition using an anecdotal example of a 28-year-old man, who finds it impossible to feel comfortable around…

Words: 572
Topic: Psychology

Courage Definitions and Attributes

Abstract The present paper has sampled the various definitions of courage to illuminate some of the concept’s most important components as applied in contemporary contexts. The components of courage covered in this paper include experiencing fear yet choosing to act, following one’s heart or wishes, persisting in the face of adversity, standing up for what is right and just, and…

Words: 663
Topic: Psychology

How to Achieve a Goal?

There are many things without which it is hard to imagine this life, and a properly set goal is one of them. People should have a goal, a dream, or an intention on the basis of which it is possible to develop new relations, improve living conditions, and think about a better future. Albert Einstein said once that life could…

Words: 1108
Topic: Psychology

Stigma among Mentally Challenged Individuals

Describe common perceptions and misconceptions about this group The society has varying views regarding persons with mental disabilities. In most cases, these views are due to the stereotypes in different communities. Owing to rejection and neglect by the community, the mentally challenged persons often undergo stigmatization, which leads to low self-esteem. Numerous perceptions and misconceptions are associated with mental illness…

Words: 652
Topic: Psychology

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy

The article “Potential of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy in the Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder” analyses a recent treatment method that can support the health needs of many patients. Many people will encounter different traumatic or terrifying events in their lives. Such events can trigger a psychological disorder known as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Individuals who…

Words: 539
Topic: Psychology

Mental Health Policies Development

Overview of Issue The social problem under investigation revolves around how people should maintain good mental health. The promotion of mental health in many countries globally is located within the broader domain of health promotion. It is firmly embedded in interventions that are provided to prevent mental disorders and to treat individuals with mental illnesses and other life-threatening disabilities (Focus…

Words: 848
Topic: Psychology

The Disney Princess Effect in Child Developmen

Introduction The article “Little Girls or Little Women, The Disney Princess Effect” focuses on the impact that the “Disney Princess Culture” has had on the emotional and psychological development of young girls. Its line of reasoning focuses on the princess culture creating an adverse mindset in little girls wherein they become more concerned about their looks, adopt a more subservient…

Words: 647
Topic: Psychology

Psychological Therapy of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Introduction Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a distressing condition that leads to brain disturbance due to exposure to dreadful situations. This condition also affects normal individuals who are exposed to stressful circumstances. Remarkable biological and psychological manifestations reveal the presence of PTSD in an individual. This essay explores the situational events that trigger Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, clinical manifestations, and the…

Words: 832
Topic: Psychology

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Concept

Introduction Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD), a type of anxiety disorders, is a mental health condition that occurs as a result of terrifying, distressing or stressful events that are either experienced or witnessed. It is described as a long-lasting consequence of traumatic events that instills intensive horror, fear or a feeling of helplessness. In most cases, patients develop persistent avoidance of…

Words: 838
Topic: Psychology

Groupthink Psychology: Behavioral Decision Making

Introduction The observation of social behavior can demonstrate how people can adjust to each other and even change some of the views or attitudes. This paper is aimed at discussing the cooperation of students who need to join their efforts in order to achieve certain goals. Such interactions are particularly interesting because they involve people who may have slightly different…

Words: 1038
Topic: Psychology

Psychological Treatment: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Introduction The increased exposure to traumatic events has brought about clinical concerns that affect the health conditions of humans. An exposure to life-threatening situations or tragic events such as natural calamities, serious carnages, terror attacks, physical assaults, and sexual maltreatments may pose serious mental problems to survivors (Lovestrand, Phipps, & Lovestrand, 2013). The universal condition of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)…

Words: 906
Topic: Psychology

Heredity and Environment’ Effects on Intelligence

Introduction Both heredity and environment play a role in the development of intelligence in adolescents. During childhood, the environment influences intelligence test performance by up to 60% while genetic factors influence it by 40% (Carter, 2011). Examples of environmental factors include diet, nature of the family, type of settlement, economic level of the family, and cultural practices. However, during adolescence,…

Words: 1216
Topic: Psychology

Active Professionals’ Self-Care

Abstract This article explores some self-care tips that might be used by professionals working in the field of human services. The article provides three strategies that are useful to human-services professionals especially those in the field of domestic disputes. Introduction Human service professionals reap several benefits from their work but they also encounter obstacles that make their work stressful. It…

Words: 579
Topic: Psychology