Operant and Respondent Conditioning: Differences and Examples

Introduction A crucial component of behavioral analysis is the exploration of different types of learning. Operant conditioning (OC) and respondent conditioning (RC) are to be mastered by behavior analysis since these learning types allow teaching new behaviors with the help of specific stimuli. While OC and RC are two variants…

Behavioral Styles: A Self-Reflection

Behaviors are shaped by a vast array of factors, yet influencing them to improve one’s leadership skills is possible. A survey that allows identifying the strengths of one’s behaviors and the weaknesses thereof is a crucial tool in shaping ones’ leadership qualities and improving the quality of healthcare. According to…

Get your
100% original paper
on any topic

done in as little as
3 hours
Learn More

Action Research in Treating Depression With Physical Exercise

Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders in the United States. Without timely treatment, this condition can have a devastating effect on an individual, impairing his or her abilities to carry out their usual life activities. The latest statistics showed that depression does not discriminate against age….

Issues in Health Psychology

Abstract This document investigates how stress influences human health outcomes and explores the impact of psychosocial factors on the management of cystic fibrosis. The relationship between stress and the promotion of healthy behavior forms the primary basis for discussing how psychosocial forces influence health outcomes. The findings presented in the…

The Problem of Perception and Adaptation of Mental Illness With Families by Wilson

Most of the thematic scientific literature explores the conditions in which a person is forced to care for an adult mentally ill person. In contrast, Wilson’s work has linked the problem of perception and adaptation of mental illness with families: it has shown how parents can be affected by a…

Bipolar Disorder: Risk Factors Analysis

In order to properly and thoroughly assess the potential risk factor of bipolar affective disorder (BAD), it is important to overview and analyze the current literature on the given subject. The research studies conducted on BAD can be categorized into two major subcategories regarding their approach to the issue. Some…

Get Rid of Cable Commercial Compilation Direct TV

Description of the Commercial The Get Rid of Cable Commercial Compilation Direct TV is a short television commercial that promotes a satellite television company known as Direct TV. As it starts, we see a man who is trying to watch news, but there is a problem with the television. The…

Need a
100% original paper
written from scratch

by professional
specifically for you?
308 certified writers online
Learn More

Positive and Negative Reinforcement

Introduction The question of how to make people behave correctly has always been significant for numerous scientists. Some of them believe that this result can be achieved with the help of punishment, while others consider the effectiveness of reinforcement. This term stands for those conditions, either internal or external, that…

Addiction and Substance Use Disorder

Empowering People with SUD The class presentation has identified addiction and substance use disorder (SUD) as some of the health challenges many people in the global society face. The affected victims become stressed, change their behaviors, and find it hard to achieve their personal goals (Robinson & Adinoff, 2016). This…

Single African American Mothers’ Experiences of Relationships With Their Sons

Introduction: The Study and the Researcher The previous chapter provided a detailed explanation of the method used to collect primary data and design considered appropriate for analysis. In this chapter, the researcher presents the analysis of primary data. The purpose of the chapter is to analyze and interpret raw data…

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Treatment

Introduction Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a psychological issue that is typified by extreme apprehension about events and actions. This excessive worry negatively impacts daily functioning, and individuals are concerned about health matters, destiny, family issues, monetary and work problems, and friendship outcomes. In this context, patients may present with…

Anxiety Disorder Definition

Introduction Anxiety disorder refers to a mental condition where someone experiences considerable sensations of anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a relatively permanent state of worry and nervousness, while fear refers to an emotion experienced in anticipation of a specific pain or danger. Studies have established that people with anxiety disorder…

Atypical Language Development in Early Childhood

Introduction Fluent speech and appropriate language use are some of the key prerequisites for further academic success and normal functioning of an individual in the society. Speech and language development is a complex, gradual process that has its own pace and important milestones. Sometimes, this process is impeded due to…

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction

Introduction Mindfulness-based interventions are therapeutic practices that are considered to be immeasurably beneficial for people’s mental and physical health. Interventions are offered individually and in groups, and they are designed to assist people with psychological problems, stress, and other mental conditions. The purpose of this work is to investigate one…

We will write a
custom essay
specifically for you

for only $16.05 $11/page
308 certified writers online
Learn More

Mind Therapies for Greater Psychological Openness

Introduction The following four models are discussed in the review: mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), metacognitive therapy (MCT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). All four models are aimed at achieving greater psychological openness to eliminate negative thoughts and feelings. Particular attention is paid to changing the…

The Concept of Brain Plasticity

Outline Brain Plasticity Introduction Defining Neuroplasticity Stem Cells and Neural Plasticity Injury and Neuroplasticity Phantom Limbs and Brain Plasticity Conclusion The Role of the Father in the Development of Attachment Introduction Attachment Theory Major Domains Factors Affecting Attachment Development Stages of Attachment Formation Attachment Patterns Fathers’ Role in the Development…

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Patient Case Study

Background Teresa is an 8-year-old female student who is diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders (DSM-5)) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and assigned the Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy. The patient’s family comes from Mexica and has problems with speaking English, which complicates the…

Childhood Relationships & Adolescent Mental Health

The research article by Shin, Cho, Shin, & Park (2016) aimed to analyze the relationship between adolescent psychological adjustment and early peer relationships. This topic is important to consider because the way in which children socialize at the early stages of their development influences their future behaviors. Peer relationships encompass…

Defense Mechanisms in Psychological Practice

Psychological defense mechanisms protect individuals from experiencing unpleasant emotions, such as anxiety and guilt. Each person without exception utilizes them though may be unaware of this. In my life, there were a lot of situations when various defense mechanisms helped me to cope. For example, some time ago, I started…

Puberty: Its Role in Development

Susman, E. J., & Dorn, L.D. (2009). Puberty: Its role in development. In R.M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (p.116-151). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Main Points Historical and theoretical perspective on puberty Puberty changes affect physical morphological characteristics Understanding the neuroendocrinology of…

Psychological and Causal Explanation: Accept or Deny?

Introduction The concept of psychological explanation has been used as a general term explaining people’s attempts to understand any phenomena linked to intelligent behavior. An adequate psychological explanation is seen as the one that offers enough information for psychologists to predict behaviors and then manage them. The psychological phenomenon of…

Attribution Theory and Behaviour of Other People

Introduction People’s tendency to explain their own or others’ behaviour constitutes the basis of the attribution theory. The father of the theory, Heider, famously said that each and every person is a psychologist of their own or at least tries to be. After the concept first emerged in the 1950s,…

Transtheoretical Model of Change

The Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM) is not a theory, but it can employ multiple behavioral theories within its framework, combining various processes that are needed to understand how behavioral change happens. The TTM is based on the belief that people go through multiple stages when thinking about and implementing…

Personality and Intelligence Theories

Introduction Research into spheres of intelligence, personality and their interplay is often built on discussing various traits or capabilities that unite people. For example, theories regarding personality traits separate people into groups according to their relatability to certain behaviours and feelings (Pérez-González & Sanchez-Ruiz 2014). Similarly, the information processing approach…

Postpartum Depression: Diagnosis and Treatment

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common mental health disorder among first-time mothers. About 15% of women admit that they experience depressive episodes during pregnancy or the first year after childbirth (Sockol, Epperson, & Barber, 2014). In addition, negative mental outcomes and physical changes influence mother-infant and mother-father relationships (Maimburg &…

Positive Psychology for Military Leadership

Introduction Leadership in the military is a complex task given the adverse working environment of officers especially during and after deployment. The long and frequent deployments coupled with consequences of combat, such as exposure to traumatic events, normally test the resilience of service members and their families. Therefore, effective coping…

Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adult Problems

Introduction It is necessary to approach the study of mental health comprehensively. It is a well-known fact that even small but acute stresses experienced in childhood can provoke psychosomatic disorders in adulthood. However, data on the degree of pathogenicity of stress factors and the proportion of their participation in the…

We will write a custom
essays
specifically
for you!
Get your first paper with
15% OFF
Learn More

Safeguarding Tendencies: A Clarifying Perspective

Safeguarding tendencies denote Adler’s belief that people develop behavioral patterns for protecting personal feelings against public criticism. Excuses, aggression, and withdrawal are the three most common tendencies outlined by the scholar and represent different types of approaches that people use for the purpose of shielding themselves from public disgrace. The…

Cyber-Bullying and Ways to Solve the Problem

Introduction The primary goal of the given study is the investigation of cyber-bullying, which is nowadays one of the integral parts of social media and the Internet. In accordance with the research, this phenomenon becomes one of the main sources of problems and negative associations people might experience when using…

Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory

Introduction Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory aligns with many other behaviorist approaches to learning that imply both classical and operant conditioning. Although, the theorist added two critical points to the already existing models, suggesting that mediating processes take place between stimuli and responses as well as the fact that behaviors…

Family Needs Assessment in Therapeutic Conversation

Key Points of Therapeutic Conversation A therapeutic conversation is meant to identify communication needs of family members and encourage them to express feelings. Not only does it help to develop more targeted and age-appropriate intervention strategies but also allows rendering necessary psychological support to patients through the practice of active…

Tolerance of Ambiguity Test and Profile Analysis

Novelty My novelty score for the tolerance of ambiguity test is 20, which is right in the middle of the scale. This means that my tolerance for novelty is medium – I take well to certain kinds of novel things and events in my life, but not so much to…

Social Adaptation of Former Military Members

Social adaptation to civilian life of former members of the military is a unique and significant area of inquiry. Service in the USA military is voluntary, but the conditions of entering the service do not imply that anyone can randomly join (Leal & Teigen, 2018). An opportunity to serve is…

Psychology of Difficult Choices on a Daily Basis

Introduction As social creatures, people have to make difficult choices on a daily basis. In fact, inconsistencies between individuals’ own goal strivings and responsibilities act as a barrier to decision-making. The assigned case presents a dilemma of a student who has to prepare for his exams but wants to attend…

Psychology in “The Pursuit of Happyness” Film

Introduction The Pursuit of Happyness is a film that includes a wide range of psychological and organizational behavior theories. These are exemplified by character behaviors and plot points that fit within the context of organizational culture. Organizational behavior is a subset of human psychology that promotes social interaction. The Pursuit…

Divorce Effects on Children’s Behavior

Introduction A divorce is always an unpleasant event, even if two adults have no complaints against each other and want to stay in a friendly relationship. However, for children, the experience of parents’ separation is especially painful as it leads to the destruction of connections within the family, traditions, and…

Behavioral and Humanistic Approaches in Psychology

Introduction Various aspects of human relationships promoted in the modern world are based on certain principles and approaches to the perception of reality and the assessment of factors affecting this perception. Behavioral characteristics are the result of various reasons, for instance, accumulated experiences, internal beliefs, and other causes. In the…

Mindfulness Interventions in Modern Psychotherapy

The skill chosen for the project is mindfulness since, currently, it is frequently discussed as a treatment for many psychological disorders, including anxiety and depression. In simple words, mindfulness is awareness of the present moment instead of thinking about past or future experiences. According to Tang, Hölzel, & Posner (2015),…

Brain’s Negative Bias and Its Causes

The brain’s proclivity to be biased toward negative information, objects, and people can be explained from evolutionary, scientific, and sociological perspectives. In ancient times, human beings always faced the danger of attack from wild animals in their environment. In that regard, they were always alert and on the lookout for…

Adlerian Theory for School Counseling

Abstract This research paper investigated the primary constructs of Adlerian theory. The work includes several parts, namely, the introduction, the main part, and the conclusion. The introduction describes what will be discussed in the frames of this paper, the structure of the work, as well as its key ideas and…

The Consequences of Child Sexual Abuse on the Behavioral Patterns in Adulthood

Introduction Most people who were sexually abused in childhood develop severe personality disturbances in adulthood. Such a psychological myth implies that child sexual abuse (CSA) has acute trauma outcomes within the behavioral patterns in one’s adulthood. It is a significant governmental concern that affects any family and country and should…

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military Veterans

Introduction Both in the military and civilian life, people encounter traumatic occurrences that challenge their perception of the world or themselves. Reliant on a scope of factors, the responses of some people to traumatic events may last for a short time while the reactions of others might result in long-lasting…

Emotions and the Perception of Freedom

The relationship between man and women has always evoked interest and received attention in numerous literary works. The Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin is an emotional piece full of metaphors that I find thought-provoking. First Published in 1894, it dwells on questions of psychological stability and suppressed realization…

Smartphone Addiction Among American Youth

In 2019, smartphone use reached record levels. It is expected that by 2021, the United States will have a 72.7% penetration rate, meaning that 3 out of 4 people will own and consistently use a smartphone device. People in developed countries use technology for everything ranging from communication to entertainment,…

Counseling for Healthy Relationships with Parents

Problem List Blame Brittany is dissatisfied with her parents’ moving to another place, and implicitly puts the blame for certain events on them. For instance, she blames her parents for making her attend classes where she feels isolated due to her beliefs and biracial background. She also puts the blame…

Personality Theories and Behavior Therapy

The patient, Maggie, was a 27-year old female who was tall and attractive in an angular way, with dark, intelligent eyes. She was a graduate student in paleontology and she loved her field of study so much that she always talked about it. In the beginning, when she met the…

Keeping a Diary as a Self-Care Strategy to Help Patients

June Self Care The first self-care activity I plan to implement is keeping a diary. In order to be able to bring meaning to the patients’ lives, I need to be able to reflect. Keeping a diary can help develop empathy to support patients and avoid professional burnout. I have…

A School-Aged Girl’s Developmental Assessment

Pediatric health and physical evaluation are critical aspects of developmental assessment among school-aged children. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019), there are two major developmental milestones of middle age, between 6 and 8 years and 9 and 11 years. Both stages determine the development of children…

Social Media as a Cause of Anxiety and Depression

Introduction Anxiety and depression are considerable problems for US society and the international community. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA, n.d.), anxiety disorders are the most common mental illnesses affecting almost 40 million adults in the US. These conditions also affect 25% of children from 12…

The Role of Environment in Physical Development During the Middle Childhood

Methodology The study uses a quantitative methodology to answer previously identified research questions. Many researchers report that negative emotions have a significant impact on physical development in this age group, and this assumption was used to develop one of the research tools (Dubois-Comtois, Moss, Cyr, & Pascuzzo, 2013; Elsaesser, Gorman-Smith,…

Social Motivation of an Artist and Business Owner

This paper studies the social motivation on the example of Maggie, who has created a business providing services as a graphic designer and a photographer. The research suggests that her motives are intrinsic and are caused by internal factors. It also explains the reasons behind her motivation based on external…

A Child’s Physical and Mental Development

School-aged children need regular evaluation and analysis of their development. This assessment is necessary to identify physical or mental problems and prevent their growth and influence on a person’s future life. However, a child of five, nine, and twelve years old are at entirely different stages of development, so adults…

Informed Consent and Code of Ethics in Counseling

Introduction Professionals must counselors must possess adequate skills and competencies. They should also develop superior philosophies to meet their clients’ needs. Attributes such as ethics, morality, justice, and integrity must guide them whenever supporting their beneficiaries. This paper gives a detailed literature review of informed consent and code of ethics….

Ethics in Human Services: Counseling Agency

Introduction Counseling is a rewarding field that is concerned with empowering and addressing the emotional and psychological challenges facing clients. Having completed the coursework successfully, I have acquired and developed superior competencies that can make it easier for me to meet the needs of different groups. This is the reason…

Working with Adolescents: Stereotypes and Best Practices

Introduction The attitude of the society to different social groups is largely due to established stereotypes that form an opinion on the characteristics of behavior. Particular attention is paid to the topic of adolescents as the category of the population, which is considered problematic and is often viewed as the…

Life, Work, and Critique of Stanley Milgram

Stanley Milgram was a renowned, if controversial, psychologist, most famous for his experiments on the impact of authority on the decisions of ordinary people. With his experiments being the product of his time, influenced by the historical events of the Holocaust, his questions and methods remain relevant today regarding not…

Mental Health Theories

Theories that focus on the aspect of mental health are intended to help clients understand their issues and deal with them. Mental health specialists can use one and more theories to guide patients towards recovery. Behaviorism, psychodynamic theory, cognitive theory, and humanistic theory are the most common approaches for understanding…

Hair-Pulling Disorder: Treatment and Prevention

The hair-pulling disorder also known as Trichotillomania (TTM) is a psychological condition associated with a compulsive removal of hair from the body. Not only may TTM result in significant hair loss but also cause a marked functional impairment similarly to other types of obsessive-compulsive disorders. Considering that this adverse mental…

Premature Ejaculation Disorder: Treatment and Prevention

Introduction Premature ejaculation can be listed among the most common sexual problems experienced by men. When it comes to the key definition of the disorder, it needs to be noted that having a “premature” ejaculation involves the release of semen a few minutes after the start of sexual activity, which…

Postpartum Depression In First-time Mothers

Despite the feeling of happiness that is usually associated with childbearing, joy is not always constant and not necessarily all-permeating, especially after birth. Pregnancy and child delivery create one of the most stressful conditions for the human body, with hormonal changes making a person susceptible to mental illness. The most…

The Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Community Teaching Plan

The present paper will offer a reflection on a lesson with a focus on the evaluation of related teaching experience, community response, and the aspects that could be improved. The lesson was dedicated to the topic of the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and took place in Miami, Florida….

Autism, Myths and Realities

Autism is one of the most common mental diseases impacting young children. This developmental disability can cause severe complications, so it is necessary to diagnose the problem as soon as possible. There are some popular myths about autism, but scholars dispel such fictitious stories and emphasize the interrelation between autism…

Honor as a Critical Code of Behavior

There are many concepts and ideas that, at first glance, seem obvious and quite ingenious. In reality, however, they are complex and profound for understanding. Among philosophers and scientists, there is no consensus on the interpretation of the concept of honor, and this topic has preoccupied the minds of great…

Fear of Flying: Phobia Definition

The Fear of Flying (FOF) has psychological and physiological symptoms. It makes people avoid boarding planes. According to Clark and Rock (2016), this highly common phobia affects about 2.5-40 percent of the global population. These authors associate the misconceptions raised regarding aviophobia with inadequate research in the area of cognitive-behavioral…

Positive and Negative Punishment Definition

The goal of punishment is not to allow certain types of behavior to happen or make them weaker. When defining punishment, it is vital to consider the three elements. First of all, the particular behavior occurs, then consequences follow it, and, finally, the behavior is weakened (Miltenberger, 2016). When an…

The GARS-3 Test Analysis

Abstract Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that requires early diagnoses within the individuals. As a tool for diagnosing the patients in the age between 3 and 22 years, GARS-3 was introduced. GARS-3 represents the third edition of the original scale that was modified in response to the emerging…

Pavlov and Skinner’s Theories

Abstract The given paper is devoted to the comparison of learning theories offered by Skinner and Pavlov. Being representatives of classical and operant conditioning, the scientists offered their views describing the process of learning and specific factors that impact it. The main reason for the selection of these paradigms and…

“Children Need to Play, Not Compete” the Article by Statsky

Summary As the object of the review, the article “Children Need to Play, Not Compete” by Statsky will be used. In her work, the author argues that for children between the ages of six and twelve, games in which competition is a key aspect are inappropriate (Statsky). As an alternative,…

Comparison of Success and Failure

Success and failure are widespread phenomena that occur in virtually any form of human activity. Both aspects can have both positive and negative effects on a person, so the issue of influence is particularly important. The purpose of this essay is to compare success and failure and how it affects…

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Postpartum Depression

Introduction Apart from diseases equally affecting all population groups, there are the ones that develop only in certain kinds of patients. For instance, women can suffer from various conditions associated with pregnancy and childbirth. Postpartum depression is the most common of all postpartum disorders. According to statistics, postpartum depression develops…

The Concept of Social Anxiety Disorder

Introduction Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also referred to as social phobia, is a condition under which a person suffers from anxiety in different social contexts. The underlying component of SAD is the fear of being judged by others and not being approved by them. Although the disorder is widely spread…

The Concept of Histrionic Personality Disorder

Introduction Histrionic personality disorder belongs to Cluster B of personality disorders. It is characterized by distorted self-images and unstable emotions. Additionally, the patients’ self-esteem depends on the level of approval from other people. As such, self-esteem for individuals suffering from this disorder does not come from their feelings of self-worth….

The Concept of Postpartum Depression

Introduction Postpartum depression (PPD) is a range of emotional and physical changes that the majority of new mothers go through. Immediately after delivery, mothers experience a sharp drop in hormones, and this chemical change may cause depression. Additionally, social and psychological changes that occur after getting a baby may cause…

Developmental Assessment and the School-Aged Child

Introduction The appropriate development of individuals throughout all stages of their lives is critical as it guarantees their effective functioning in the future and the ability to live in society, communicate with its members, and engage in collaborative or successful relations. For this reason, much effort is devoted to the…

The Concept of Postpartum Depression

Abstract The prevalence of postpartum depression is quite high as one in seven new American mothers develops this health issue. The illness is associated with such symptoms as anxiety, eating disorders, insomnia, and fatigue. The factors contributing to the development of the disease are divided into three categories: biological, psychological,…

Child Development in Rogoff’s “Thinking With the Tools and Institutions of Culture”

Introduction Barbara Rogoff’s book The Cultural Nature of Human Development makes numerous topical points on how cultural conceptions influence people and society. The chapter “Thinking with Tools and Institutions of Culture” deals with how people, more specifically children, apperceive mental and social skills from sociocultural intercommunication and how these interactions…

The Role of Psychology in Understanding Political Violence

Political violence, as well as any other kind of violence, has various causes at its core. Some people or groups resort to rampage when they want to reach equality. Others behave destructively when they desire to gain more power than they already have. Research shows that individuals are often motivated…

Addressing the Needs of Children With Anxiety Disorders

Introduction The current technological progress has introduced numerous opportunities for the global community, yet it has also entailed a range of challenges and threats. The problem of anxiety among children is one of the outcomes that calls for an immediate change in the current legal and social frameworks since it…

Cognitive Biases and Violence

Thinking is a complex process that depends on a number of aspects, including the way people acquire information and process it. Due to the differences in individuals’ mentalities and perspectives on particular issues, one fact or act can have different interpretations. However, the majority of them result from the utilization…

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Life Quality

Introduction The mental health of the person is one of the fundamental factors of people’s well-being as it guarantees their ability to socialize, communicate with other people, and remain involved in the processes critical for their existence. For this reason, the monitoring of its status is one of the fundamental…

Interpersonal Communication in YouTube Videos

Interpersonal communication is undoubtedly an essential aspect of any person’s everyday life. While it may sound like a rather scientific term, it is not so for the reason that it is intrinsic to any human being co-existing with other people around. Interplay: the Process of Interpersonal Communication is an academic…

Cognitive Biases, Emotions, and Radical Actions

Introduction Individuals’ cognitive biases and emotions may exert a significant impact on their lives. People are often known to take action and make decisions based exclusively on their feelings and beliefs, which may lead to severe consequences, a point that is crucial to keep in mind when considering terrorism and…

Baby Blues: What We Know About Postpartum Depression

Introduction The term Postpartum Depression (PPD) describes a wide variety of physical and emotional adjustments experienced by a significant number of new mothers. Since the hormonal levels of new mothers drop significantly immediately after delivery, this chemical change is likely to result in depression. This condition may also be caused…

Parenting Style and Bullying Among Children

Abstract This essay dedicates to the significant influence of parenting styles on the bullying behavior of children. Various researches demonstrate that specific parental styles promote bullying by children, while optimal parenting may decrease interpersonal aggression and victimization. The paper describes four main styles of parenting, and it highlights their peculiarities…

Functionalist Physicalism in Philosophy of Mind

There is no doubt in modern science that there is a definite relationship between the psyche and the brain: the brain is, as it were, a vessel containing our soul. However, a problem was known since the late nineteenth century as a psychophysiological problem that continues to be discussed today….

Laughter and Its Psychotherapeutic Value

Abstract The paper focuses on the analysis of laughter as a therapeutic method. At first, the mechanics and physiology of laughter are explained, and the most common types of laughter are identified. Further, facial expressions with laughter are described, along with the likelihood of females to fake laughter in comparison…

Peer Pressure and Its Positive Effects

Abstract The paper dwells on the analysis of the positive effects that peer pressure can have on adolescents. At the same time, the negative implications of peer pressure are acknowledged. The influence of peer pressure on teens’ development in various dimensions is discussed. It is noted that such negative habits…

The Role of Family Therapy on Resolving the Problems

Family-based interventions include parent training, family therapy, and multisystemic therapy (Carr 130). Family therapy aims at resolving the problems of young people by using a family-based intervention that involves family members. Family therapy is the treatment of mental disorders with the potential to solve the issues and minimize stress by…

Dementia: Evaluation of an Epidemiological Problem

The individuals with dementia experience memory loss and the reduction of cognitive abilities caused by the degenerative processes in their brain. Today, more than 47 million worldwide are diagnosed with dementia, while it is anticipated that their numbers will grow (Livingston et al., 2017). Dementia is identified by the scholarly…

Developmental Psychology Theories by Piaget, Vygotsky, and Erikson

Various developmental theories explain learning processes and provide psychologists with recommendations on how to facilitate children’s development. The understanding of these theories is important because it helps to create environments that would support education efficiency and protect students during the process of identity formation. Considering this, the present paper will…

How Does Learning Happen?

Developmental Summary The information obtained through observing the child allows creating a summary of her skills. The following domains of development have been analyzed: cognitive, social and emotional, speech and language, fine motor skills, and gross motor skills. Data gathered during informal observations, which are reflected in brief reports and…

Physicalism and Functionalism Definition in Psychology

Explaining Subjective Mental Experiences Through Physical Processes The subjective mental experiences that take place usually depend on the perceptions of the subjects. Physical science provides some explanations of why a person may feel some things, such as depression, which is a mental problem, being linked to the decrease of serotonin…

Laughter and Its Therapeutic Value in Counseling

Introduction — In a world that is becoming increasingly competitive, many individuals struggle with stress management and finding a healthy outlet for their negative emotions. Chronic stress has the potential to take a toll on all the aspects of an individual’s life, affecting his or her job performance, personal relationships,…

“Knowing Your Own Mate Value” by Back et al.

Summary The article primarily emphasizes the importance of knowing your own mate value. Mate-value accuracy, defined as “knowing how much other people are interested in you as a mate,” plays a significant role in a person’s social life (Back, Penke, Schmukle, & Asendorpf, 2011, p. 984). People, who accurately estimate…

Motivation Theories at the Workplace

Labor motivation is understood as the organization of the company’s work in a way that encourages everyone to fulfill professional duties. In other words, each employee receives an internal incentive that increases productivity and is aimed at achieving a common goal. To produce a competent staff incentive, a manager has…

Child Temperament and Its Effect on Family Life

Temperament in children is defined as an individual style of behavior characterized by specific ways of responding to internal and external stimuli. Children develop temperament since being at least two months old, displaying different types of reactions and preferences to specific activities (Prokasky et al., 2017). Some infants demonstrate unusual…

Explore Your Mind: Interpersonal Communication

Introduction Communication is a significant part of all individuals’ everyday lives. Various aspects affect the way individuals hold conversations, including the selected channels, the readiness to disclose information, and individuals’ cultural backgrounds. The paper presents three examples from online sources that refer to the concepts of the Leanness-Richness Spectrum of…

Psychological Development of a School-Aged Child

Introduction The assessment of school-aged children is a vital part of preventive healthcare. The process of monitoring young patients’ progress through the developmental changes allows clinicians to see whether children are meeting their age-related milestones and if there are any signs of developmental issues that can be addressed promptly. Patients’…

A School-Aged Child’s Developmental Assessment

Introduction Developmental assessments are standard health maintenance procedures in school-aged children. Physical examinations may be common and allow to determine subjective and objective information fundamental to providing care. Physical assessments may be inherently uncomfortable for children, therefore, it is important to utilize appropriate techniques and create a safe environment that…

Temperament of Children in Alcoholic Families

Introduction There are many factors that destabilize family relationships, and one of the most devastating problems is the alcohol addiction of one or both parents. Previously, alcoholism was considered as an individual’s problem, with particular attention to the mental processes of alcohol addicts and a change in their personality. Currently,…