The Republic of Texas was an independent North American state that was located on the border of Mexico and the United States of America. The state existed for a decade then run from 1836 to 1846 (Hämäläinen, 55). The creation of independent Texas had resulted from the Texas Revolution as a seceded Republic taking with areas such as the present Texas State, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Wyoming, Kansas and Colorado. The cessation of the Republic of Texas was conceived following the treaties of Velasco that were signed between Texas and Mexico (Gregg & Hayes, 277). Texas Republic had its Eastern border between the United States and Mexico established following the 1819 implementation of the Adams Onis Treaty between Spain and the US. The western and the southern boundaries with Mexico however remained in dispute throughout the ten-year existence of the Republic. The territorial dispute between Mexico and the new Republic later triggered the American-Mexican War that yielded the eventual annexation of Texas.
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Establishment of the Republic
The republic was carved off the Mexican state of Coahuila Texas after the end of the Texas Revolution. The revolution left Mexican leaders in dire need to form some optimal government to effect a transition from federalism to centralism. The Mexican leaders had by 1835 started getting wary of the Texas-based colonialists that led them into forming several committees of safety and Correspondence such as the central Committee in San Felipe de Austin which coordinated the cessation activities (Lack, 497). There was also a lot of revolt against the newly adopted centralist policies within Mexico leading to the ultimate revolution in October of 1835 with a major battle at Gonzales (Brands, 601). The war led to the 1836 Convention that led to the declaration of independence of Texas. This effectively established the Republic of Texas in March of the same year.
Following the declaration of independence and the establishment of the Republic, the new state convened its Congress in October of the same year with its headquarters in Columbia. Stephen F. Austin was nominated as the Secretary of State. The new state adopted the Burnet Flag before officially adopting the lone star flag (Randolph, 401). Despite the independence, Mexico refused to recognize Texas as a sovereign state and waged an invasion on Texas on 5th March, 1842 leading to the occupation of San Antonio. This invasion sparked off a fierce resistance from Texas who wanted to protect their national archives in the Texas Archive War.
The transformation to Statehood
The US Congress enacted the annexation Bill in February, 1845 in favor of the annexation of Texas. The bill became law on March 1 of the same year having been supported by a majority of voters who favored the proposed Constitution which endorsed immigration into Texas and slavery as part of the annexation offer. The acceptance of this Constitution by the Us Congress effectively returned Texas to Statehood under the US (William, 335). This saw Texas dropping the claim on its US-con trolled territories such as Kansas, Colorado, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Wyoming which officially became part of the United States of America.
Brands, Helen. Lone Star Nation: The Epic Story of the Battle for Texas Independence. Random House. 2005: 608.
Gregg, Cantrell & Elizabeth Hayes. Lone Star Pasts: Memory and History in Texas. Texas A&M University Press. 2007: 296.
Hämäläinen, Pekka (2008). The Comanche Empire. Yale University Press, 2008: 54-59.
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Lack, Paul. The Texas Revolutionary Experience: A Political and Social History 1835–1836. Texas A&M University Pres, 1992: 497-501.
Randolph, Campbell. Gone to Texas: A History of the Lone Star State. Oxford University Press. 2003: 500.
William, Davis. Lone Star Rising: The Revolutionary Birth of the Texas Republic. Simon and Schuster. 2004: 354.