Wars of Religion: Historical Review

The most fanatical and catastrophic time in the history of Europe dates back to the period between the second half of the sixteenth century and the commencement of the seventeenth century since it was during this time that the most appalling and fervent sequence of wars broke out. It is obvious that a new scheme called ‘Reformation’ was brought forth in Europe prior to the wars, intending to set up peace and order and to demolish the elements of anarchy. But it was a total failure, as is evident from the occurrence of these wars. The main reason for these wars was with reference to religious attitudes and theories, and the parties involved were mainly Protestant groups and Catholics.

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The wars were initiated with the objective of smashing the European monarchical ethnicity. The Protestants were fed up with the imperative stature of the Catholic rulers and were eagerly waiting for an opportunity to defy this establishment which was hitherto considered as invincible and opinionated. While analyzing the pages of history, we can notice that numerous battles were fought for religious reasons. The first and the foremost war fought on the background of the churches was the civil war in France. After this war, the whole of Europe gradually malformed from Protestantism to belligerent activities that further added to the monotonous economic and social rudiments that contributed to the strain between the Catholics and the Protestants. The Thirty Year War in England, however, began due to political issues rather than on a religious basis. This war was fought against the nonunification of The Holy Roman Empire, which was the sovereign authority during that period. There emerged separate units with their own ruling laws. Subsequently, the political and economic enmity between these divided parties turned to religious feuds. The spiritual wars started with explicit aggression even though the combat was in a relatively halfhearted way, full of loopholes that could distraught an age band. Religion was unquestionably the source for the divergence. However, to a large extent, it was a confessional and heated discussion among the people of Europe. Protestant oratory had turned out to be progressively more ground-breaking as the principal philosophers of the time claimed that the Christian community did not have the commitment to abide by the leaders who themselves defied deity. Therefore many conservative beliefs sprout out. The partaking of women folk in religious rites, especially the chanting of devotional music along with men and also the learning of the Bible, were regarded as a bad omen, and the society was set to disintegrate.

From time immemorial, religion had been the foundation on which the superstructure of social harmony was raised in Europe. People were so much tied up by the concepts of religion, state, and society that the post-war period of Europe experienced tremendous changes in the political as well as socio-economic arenas. There was a strident hike in the price level, which in turn led to the suffering of the masses who found it very difficult to move forward with their lives. This gave rise to a period of harassment. There was no solution to the fight between Catholics and Protestants. The Protestants stressed literacy and extended their knowledgeable group of people. This group was able to create a world of Protestantism that was more of metropolitan rather than a rustic phenomenon compatible with capitalists and merchants. Many of the religious wars fought could be ended through the way of peace treaties meant to spread peace throughout the society. To a certain extent, these treaties seemed successful because they could fulfill the desired objective, though sometimes lagged behind in reaching the destination. Not only treaties but also some novel ideas like the Renaissance and the Reformation were instituted for the betterment of the society, and they encouraged the whole of Europe to return to a purer Christianity society.

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